托福技巧之作补充的句式总结之皇家留学提供(1300字)

发表于:2021.7.1来自:www.fanwen118.com字数:1300 手机看范文

托福技巧之作补充的句式总结

对肯定性的话如作肯定性补充时,可用主语+助动词+too/also或so+助动词+主语的结构。如果第一句中有助动词时,补充中要再一次重复前面的助动词。

Bill would enjoy a game and Tom would too/so would Tom.

比尔可能会喜欢游戏/运动,汤姆也会。

如果前一句中没有助动词时,应在补充中用do/does/did。也就是说,不应说: Bill likes golf and Tom likes golf(too).

比尔喜欢高尔夫球而汤姆也喜欢高尔夫球。

而应说:

Bill likes golf and Tom does too/so does Tom.

补充当然也可以由说话的对方来说:

-The boys cheated!

-The girls did too!/So did the girls!

-男孩子们作弊了!

-女孩子们也作弊了!

-I’m having a tooth out tomorrow.

-So’m I.

-我明天要去拨牙。

-我也去拨牙。

当两句话是由同一个人说出时,通常两个主语都要加重语气。

对否定性说法作肯定性补充时,其句式为but+主语+助动词:

-Bill hasn’t got a licence.

-But Donald has.

-比尔没有拿到执照。

-但唐纳德拿到了。

She doesn’t eat meat but her husband does.

她不吃肉,但她丈夫吃。

The horse wasn’t hurt but the rider was.

马没伤着,可骑马的人受了伤。

对肯定性说法作否定性补充时,其句式为but+主语+助动词的否定式:

He likes pop music but I don’t.

他喜欢流行音乐,而我不喜欢。

You can go but I can’t.

你可以走,可我不能走。

Peter passed the test but Bill didn’t.

彼得通过了考试,而比尔没有通过。

对否定性说法作否定性补充时,其句式为neither/nor+助动词+主语:

Tom never goes to concerts,neither does his wife.

汤姆从来不去音乐会,他的妻子也从来不去。

-Ann hasn’t any spare time.

-Neither/Nor have I.

-安没有空闲时间。

-我也没有。

-I didn’t get much sleep last night.

-Neither/Nor did I.

-我昨晚上没睡好。

-我也是。

还可用主语+助动词的否定形式+either结构作补充:

He didn’t like the book;I didn’t either.

他不喜欢这本书,我也不喜欢。

They don’t mind the noise;we don’t either.

他们不怕吵闹,我们也不怕。

此外也可不省略动词而用动词+宾语(如有宾语的话)+ei-ther结构:

I didn’t like it either.

我也不喜欢这个。

We don’t mind it either.

我们也不在乎它。




第二篇:托福写作结尾句式总结分析 2300字

托福写作结尾句式总结分析

结尾段的四大天王

? 重申立场

? 重申立场+总结理由

? 让步+重申立场

? 重申立场+引申扩展

引申扩展包括:

?强调反对派立场会带来的后果

?展望未来问题的前景

?强调重要性

?重申立场

“It is difficult for people to achieve professional success without sacrificing important aspects of a fulfilling personal life.”

In conclusion, given the growing demands of career on today’s professionals, a fulfilling personal life remains possible by working smarter, by setting priorities, and by making suitable career choices.

重申立场+总结理由

“Since science and technology are becoming more and more essential to modern society, schools should devote more time to teaching science and technology and less to teaching the arts and humanities.”

In conclusion, schools should not devote less time to the arts and humanities. These areas of study augment and enhance learning in mathematics and science, as well as helping to preserve the richness of our entire human legacy while inspiring us to further it. Moreover, disciplines within the humanities provide methods and contexts for evaluating the morality of our technology and for determining its proper direction.

让步+重申立场

“Job security and salary should be based on employee performance, not on years of service. Rewarding employees primarily for years of service discourages people from maintaining consistently high levels of productivity.”

In the final analysis, the statement correctly identifies job performance as the single best criterion for salary and job security. However, the statement goes too far, it ignores the fact that a cost-of-living salary increase for tenured employees not only enhances loyalty and, in the end, productivity, but also is required by fairness. 重申立场+引申扩展

How far should a supervisor go in criticizing the performance of a subordinate? Some highly successful managers have been known to rely on verbal abuse and intimidation. Do you think that this is an effective means of communicating expectations? If not, what alternative should a manager use in dealing with someone whose work is less than satisfactory?

In conclusion, supervisors should avoid using verbal abuse and threats. These methods degrade subordinates, and they are unlikely to produce the best results in the long run. It is more respectful, and probably more effective overall, to handle cases of

substandard work performance with clear, honest and supportive feedback.

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