新GRE 20xx年作文寂静汇总(72600字)

发表于:2021.1.18来自:www.fanwen118.com字数:72600 手机看范文

Issue

8月

1. The surest indicator of a great nation is represented not by the achievements of its rulers, artists, or scientists, but by the general welfare of its people.

2. 抽到一个关于法律的

3. Learning is primarily a matter of personal discipline; students cannot be motivated by school or college alone.

4. The main benefit of the study of history is to dispel the illusion that people living now are significantly different from people who lived in earlier times.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.

5.

6.

7.

8.

the greatness of individuals 是由后人判断还是前人判断(2次) 学习历史的main benefit 是为了说明现在的人和以前的人生活很不一样. innovation用在教学会distract学生 题库53,if a goal is worthy, then any means taken to attain it are justifiable

9. 领导者的产生是由于他们by demand 的什么的

10. competetion for high grades seriously limit the quality of learning at all levels of education

11. 22.Claim: The best way to understand the character of a society is to examine the character of the men and women that the society chooses as its heroes or its role models.

Reason: Heroes and role models reveal a society's highest ideals.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based.

12. 是否树立hero,在媒体影响名誉情况下,说明理由

13. 63 There's little justification for society to make extraordinary efforts-especilly at a great cost in money and jobs--to save endangered animal or plant species.

14. with the luxuries and conveniences of contemporary life, the ability of growing into strong and independent individuals deteriorates.之类的。

15. Although innovations such as video, computers, and the Internet seem to offer schools improved methods for instructing students, these technologies all too often distract from real learning

16. Claim: The best test of an argument is its ability to convince someone with an opposing viewpoint.

Reason: Only by being forced to defend an idea against the doubts and contrasting views of others does one really discover the value of that idea.

17. Only by being forced to defend an idea against the doubts and contrasting views of others does one really discover the value of that idea.

18. The well-being of a society is enhanced when many of its people question authority.

19. Every individual in a society has a responsibility to obey just laws and to disobey and resist unjust laws.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position.

20. 讨论appealing image 和truth and reality behind it"

21. It's no longer possible for a society to regard any living man or woman as a hero.

22. if a goal is worthy,any means taken to attain it is justifiable (2次)

23. ISSUE(中文大概意思了哈哈哈):一个国家,无论是在教育界、政界还是医疗界,掌权者都应该每5年下基层锻炼。

9月

1. The surest indicator of a great nation is not the achievements of its rulers, artists, or scientists, but the general welfare of all people

2. [Claim] When planning courses, educators should take into account the interests and suggestions of their students. [Reason] Students are more motivated to learn when they are interested in what they are studying.

[Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based.]

3. Colleges and universities should require all faculty to spend time working outside the academic world in professions relevant to the courses they teach.

学院和大学应该要求所有的教员拿出时间,参与学术界以外与教学科目相关的领域工作。

4. In order to become well-rounded individuals, all college students should be required to take courses in which they read poetry, novels, mythology, and other types of imaginative literature.

5. Young people should be encouraged to pursue long-term, realistic goals rather than seek immediate fame andrecognition. (51)

6. 艺术(电影,小说,绘画等)要想要有merit,就必须要使大多数人能懂。

7. Society should identify those children who have special talents and provide training for them at an early age to develop their talents.

8. leaders created by demands

9. leaders 应该在五年内退位

10. 讨论关于当代奢侈快捷的生活会阻碍个人能力的提升和发展

11. should the parents of children volunteer their time on their school

12. major policy 最好留给政客和专家 理由是:他们比普通人牛

13. In any field of inquiry, the beginner is more likely than the expert to make important contributions.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.

14. the greatness of individuals不是由与他同时期的人,是要后来人认识评判的

15. In anyprofession—business, politics, education, government—those in power should stepdown after five years.(111)

16. the best way to test an argument is to convince the people who hold oppositing viewpoints

17. the government official must carry out the will of the people they serve or they should make

decisions based on their own judgement

18. unversities should go out of academic to what they teach 差不多

19. People should undertake risky action only after they havecarefully considered its consequences.(61)

20. Governments should not fund any scientific research whose consequences are unclear.;

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position.(36)

21. 讨论技术革新如计算机,网络等是否有利于指导学生学习。

22. 去说服持反对观点人是一个理论或者观点的最好的检查;原因:****

23. 领导人决策应该独立执行还是依靠民意那个

24. 政治类的,是说effective leader需要有highest ethical and moral standards

25. should universities require that the students take classes outside of their fields of study.

26. 是讲那个 Hero or its role models 那题。

ten-year

27. If a goal is worthy, then any means taken toattain it are justifiable.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to whichyou agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for theposition you take. In developing and supporting your position, you shouldconsider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explainhow these considerations shape your position.

28. Critical judgment of work in any given field has little value unless it comes from someone who is an expert in that field.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.

29. Requiring university students to take a variety of courses outside their major fields of study is the best way to ensure that students become truly educated.

30. It is more harmful to compromise one's own beliefs than to adhere to them.

31. Some people believe that government officials must carry out the will of the people they serve. Others believe that officials should base their decisions on their own judgment.

10月

1. Colleges and universities should require their students to spend at least one semester studying in a foreign country.

2. people should carefully consider the consequence before they take action and undertake risk.

3. 82:出国留学

4. 9. In any field of endeavor, it is impossible to make a significant contribution without first being strongly influenced by past achievements within that field.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.

5. learning is a matter of personal discipline rather than school and college

6. 判断国家great与否,看achievements of its rulers, scientists, artists还是看人民的welfare~

7. Requiring university students to take a variety of courses outside their major fields of study is the best way to ensure that students become truly educated.

8. People should undertake risky action only after they have carefully considered its consequences.

9. People's attitudes are determined more by their immediate situation or surroundings than by society as a whole.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.

10. 72 Governments should not fund any scientific research whose consequences are unclears.

11. 教育类题目学校应该要求学生学习literary courses

12. the main benefit from a study of history is depute the illusion that we have significant difference between people living in the today and people who lived in the earlier times.

13. 是否应该花很多钱保护endangered animals and plants species

14. All parents should be required to volunteer time to their children's schools.

15. :Although innovations such as video, computers, and the Internet seem to offer schools improved methods for instructing students, these technologies all too often distract from real learning.

16. 141 It is more harmful to compromise one's own beliefs than to adhere to

them.

17. Some people believe that the purpose of education is to free the mind and the spirit. Others believe that formal education tends to restrain our minds and spirits rather than set them free.

Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented

18. Colleges and universities should require their students to spend at least one semester studying in a foreign country.

19. people should carefully consider the consequence before they take action and undertake risk.

20. Claim: The best test of an argument is its ability to convince someone with an opposing viewpoint.

Reason: Only by being forced to defend an idea against the doubt sand contrasting views of others does one really discover the value of that idea.

21. The greatness of the individuals can only be decided by the people live in thefuture, not in the contemporaries.

22. “Claim: The best test of an argument is its ability to convince someone with an opposing viewpoint.

Reason: Only by being forced to defend an idea against the doubts and contrasting views of others does one really discover the value of that idea. ”

23. College students should be encouraged to pursue subjects that interest them rather than seek programs that promise entry into the job market.

24. Requiring university students to take a variety of courses outside their major fields of study is the best way to ensure that students become truly educated.

11月

1, Some people believe that the purpose of education is to free the mind and the spirit. Others believe that formal education tends to restrain our minds and spirits rather than set them free.

Write a response in which you discuss which view more closely aligns with your own position and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should address both of the views presented.

2, Every individual in a society has a responsibility to obey just laws and to disobey and resist unjust laws.

3, All parents should be required to volunteer time to their children's schools.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position.这里的要求是POOL里面的,我考的时候让说most compelling reason

4,Claim: Many problems of modern society cannot be solved by laws and the legal system. Reason: Laws cannot change what is in people's hearts or minds.

5,Claim: Governments must ensure that their major cities receive the financial support they need in order to thrive.

Reason: It is primarily in cities that a nation's cultural traditions are preserved and generated.

6,从heroes来understand社会的character

7,结论:政府应该投资给大城市

原因:因为大城市是国家传统文化的产生地和保存地

8,To be an effective leader, a public official must maintain the highest ethical and moral standards.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position.

9,Governments should offer a free university education to any student who has been admitted to a university but who cannot afford the tuition

10,the most important characteristic of a society can study by the major cities

11,It is through social group that we define ourselves.

12,As we acquire more knowledge, things do not become more comprehensible, but more complex and mysterious.

13,是否新手比专家会取得更重要的成就

14,当人们question the authority的时候,人们的will-being会随之提高。

15,The greatness of individuals can be decided only by those who live after them, not by their contemporaries.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.

16,well being of a society 要质疑权威

17,The greatness of individuals can only be judged by the people who are living after them.

18,it is impossible for anyone to make a significant contribution without strongly influenced by past achievements within the field.

12月

1,(高频)Scientists and other researchers should focus their research on areas that are likely to benefit the greatest number of people.

2,Societies should save endangered species only when the potential extinction is caused by human activities.

3,universities should require students to learn a variety of courses outside the students' own field.

4,政府是否需要向所有交不起学费的学生免费

5,Society should make efforts to save endangered species only if the potential extinction of those species is the result of human activities.

Write a response in which you discuss your views on the policy and explain your reasoning for the

position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider the possible consequences of implementing the policy and explain how these consequences shape your position.

6,Governments should offer a free university education to any student who has been admitted to a university but who cannot afford the tuition.

7,It is no longer possible for a society to regard any living man or woman as a hero.

8,government officials should rely on their own judgment rather than unquestioningly carry out the will of the people whom they serve.

9,To understand the important characteristics of a society is to learn from its major cities.

10,Universities should require every student to take a variety of courses outside the student's field of study.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim. In developing and supporting your position, be sure to address the most compelling reasons and/or examples that could be used to challenge your position.

11,人们总是被非自己产生的力量极大影响

12,大学要不要学生多选非专业课---为什么issue是30分钟,不是45分钟咩??

13,中文意思是 现在 最重要的指标来代表一个国家的形象已经不是科学家、主席和艺术家,而是整个国家人民的利益了。

14,要不要从小培养那些有天赋的小孩。

Argument

8月

1. A ten year nationwide study of the effectiveness of wearing a helmet while bicycling indicates that ten years ago, approximately 35 percent of all bicyclists reported wearing helmets, whereas today that number is nearly 80 percent. Another study, however, suggests that during the same ten-year period, the number of bicycle-related accidents has increased 200 percent. These results demonstrate that bicylists feel safer because they are wearing helmets, and they take more risks as a result. Thus, to reduce the number of serious injures from bicycle accidents, the government should concentrate more on educating people about bicycle safety and less on encouraging or requiring bicyclists to wear helmets.

2. ultraclearn, regular strength 换 extra-strength hand soap

3. A recent sales study indicates that consumption of seafood dishes in Bay City restaurants has increased by 30 percent during the past five years. Yet there are no currently operating city restaurants whose specialty is seafood. Moreover, the majority of families in Bay City are two-income families, and a nationwide study has shown that such families eat significantly fewer home-cooked meals than they did a decade ago but at the same time express more concern about healthful eating. Therefore, the new Captain Seafood restaurant that specializes in seafood should be quite popular and profitable.

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

说两家company 造 building 一家叫Zeta 另一家是Alpha(2次) 开seafood店的那个 Bay City 在医院里用消毒的肥皂prevent serious infections 卖袜子那个...专利工艺可以穿两年...什么什么什么.... 就是那个P 和 L ,反驳那个花篮子不是P地仅仅有的

9. 说两个study :一个是在某个大学里, 大部分喜欢看classic literary, 另一个在该地public liberary,大部分喜欢看mystery novel。结论: 第一个study 的respondent misrepresent the result

10. The following appeared in a memo to the board of directors of Bargain Brand Cereals." z/ s2

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"One year ago we introduced our first product, Bargain Brand breakfast cereal. Our very low prices quickly drew many customers away from the top-selling cereal companies. Although the companies producing the top brands have since tried to compete with us by lowering their prices and although several plan to introduce their own budget brands, not once have we needed to raise our prices to continue ** a profit. Given our success in selling cereal, we recommend that Bargain Brand now expand its business and begin marketing other low-priced food products as quickly as possible."( T4 J7 o+ h; C3 c: Z1 E* w) _

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

11. 两个建筑商,分析assumption3 z

12. 132 就是所有学生都应该参加学校举办的驾驶课那个,错误挺多的

13. 吃鱼能预防感冒 推荐吃什么Ichlati?? 那个东东

14. UltraClean

15. Writea response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based.

16. The following is a letter to the editor of the Waymarsh Times.

Traffic here in Waymarsh is becoming a problem. Although just three years ago a state traffic survey showed that the typical driving commuter took 20 minutes to get to work, the commute now takes closer to 40 minutes, according to the survey just completed. Members of the town council already have suggested more road building to address the problem, but as well as being expensive, the new construction will surely disrupt some of our residential neighborhoods. It would be better to follow the example of the nearby city of Garville. Last year Garville implemented a policy that rewards people who share rides to work, giving them coupons for free gas. Pollution levels in Garville have dropped since the policy was implemented, and people from Garville tell me that commuting times have fallen considerably. There is no reason why a policy like Garville's shouldn't work equally well in Waymarsh."

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

17. Recently, we signed a contract with the Fly-Away Pest Control Company to provide pest control services at our fast-food warehouse in Palm City, but last month we discovered that over $20,000 worth of food there had been destroyed by pest damage. Meanwhile, the Buzzoff Pest Control Company, which we have used for many years, continued to service our warehouse in Wintervale, and last month only $10,000 worth of the food stored there had been destroyed by pest damage. Even though the price charged by Fly-Away is considerably lower, our best means of saving money is to return to Buzzoff for all our pest control services."

18. The following appeared in a memo from the owner of a chain of cheese stores located throughout the United States.

"For many years all the stores in our chain have stocked a wide variety of both domestic and imported cheeses. Last year, however, all of the five best-selling cheeses at our newest store were domestic cheddar cheeses from Wisconsin. Furthermore, a recent survey by Cheeses of the World magazine indicates an increasing preference for domestic cheeses among its subscribers. Since our company can reduce expenses by limiting inventory, the best way to improve profits in all of our stores is to discontinue stocking many of our varieties of imported cheese and concentrate primarily on domestic cheeses."

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

19. a jazz club in Monroe

20. a memo from the president of Bower Builders, a company that constructs new homes

21. 一个副总裁做了个调查认为顾客不重视袜子是否结实,所以新引进的提高袜子质量的设备可以停用。(2次)

22. 公司什么O给老板发的一份建议。员工上网干私事儿耗费时间太多,应该装监控系统监管。干私事儿超时的人要警告或者惩罚。监控系统利于促进员工工作道德(之类之类的意思),提高总体工作效率,进而提高公司利益。

23. Recently, we signed a contract with the Fly-Away Pest Control Company to provide pest control services at our fast-food warehouse in Palm City, but last month we discovered that over $20,000 worth of food there had been destroyed by pest damage. Meanwhile, the Buzzoff Pest Control Company, which we have used for many years, continued to service our warehouse in Wintervale, and last month only $10,000 worth of the food stored there had been destroyed by pest damage. Even though the price charged by Fly-Away is considerably lower, our best means of saving money is to return to Buzzoff for all our pest control services."

指令Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

9月

1. Jazz club The following was written as a part of an application for a small-business loan by a group of developers in the city of Monroe. "A jazz music club in Monroe would be a tremendously profitable enterprise. Currently, the nearest jazz club is 65 miles away; thus, the proposed new jazz club in Monroe, the C-Note, would have the local market all to itself. Plus, jazz is extremely popular in Monroe: over 100,000 people attended Monroe's annual jazz festival last summer; several well-known jazz musicians live in Monroe; and the highest-rated radio program in Monroe is 'Jazz Nightly,' which airs every weeknight at 7 P.M. Finally, a nationwide study indicates that the typical jazz fan spends close to $1,000 per year on jazz entertainment." Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

2. The following appeared in a memorandum from the manager of WWAC radio station.

"WWAC must change from its current rock-music format because the number of listeners has been declining, even though the population in our listening area has been growing. The

population growth has resulted mainly from people moving to our area after their retirement, and we must make listeners of these new residents. But they seem to have limited interest in music: several local stores selling recorded music have recently closed. Therefore, just changing to another kind of music is not going to increase our audience. Instead, we should adopt a news-and-talk format, a form of radio that is increasingly popular in our area."

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

3. The following appeared in a letter from a firm providing investment advice for a client.

"Most homes in the northeastern United States, where winters are typically cold, have traditionally used oil as their major fuel for heating. Last heating season that region experienced 90 days with below-normal temperatures, and climate forecasters predict that this weather pattern will continue for several more years. Furthermore, many new homes are being built in the region in response to recent population growth. Because of these trends, we predict an increased demand for heating oil and recommend investment in Consolidated Industries, one of whose major business operations is the retail sale of home heating oil."

在冬季非常寒冷的美国东北部的房屋,一直都使用传统的油料作为采暖的主要燃料。去年该地区经历了90 天低于往年平均气温的严寒,并且气象预测家们预测这种天气会持续未来数年。而且,去年由于人口增长,本地建造了很多的房屋。按此趋势,我们预测对于油料的需求将会增加,同时也建议对CI 公司投资,该公司的不要业务之一就是家用采暖油料的零售。

4. 两个高中,不同的家庭作业数量,家庭作业(homework)少的学校的学生表现更好,因此建议少点家庭作业 (135)

5. Recently, we signed a contract with the Fly-Away Pest Control Company to provide pest control services at our warehouse in Palm City, but last month we discovered that over $20,000 worth of food there had been destroyed by pest damage. Meanwhile, the Buzzoff Pest Control Company, which we have used for many years in Palm City, continued to service our warehouse in Wintervale, and last month only $10,000 worth of the food stored there had been destroyed by pest damage. This difference in pest damage is best explained by the negligence of Fly-Away."

Write a response in which you discuss one or more alternative explanations that could rival the proposed explanation and explain how your explanation(s) can plausibly account for the facts presented in the argument.(116)

6. 是说一个组织写了一封信,让一所学校维持一致以来的传统——只收女生,并提出了几点理由。说是做了两项调查,分别调查了校内的学生和校外的校友,两边都是大部分不同意收男生,这篇文章于是就得出一个结论说:为了学校更好的发展以及为了持续得到校友的资金支持,这所学校不应该收男生。

7. brakets river ,说考古学家发现其他地方也有那玩意,否定了某地的独有性。

8. 关于fish可以降低缺勤率的

9. 限制水压

10. 卖房子的 Adams 和Fitch assumption

11. The following is a recommendation from the personnel director to the president of Acme Publishing Company.( y;

"Many other companies have recently stated that having their employees take the Easy Read Speed Reading Courses has greatly improved productivity. One graduate of the course was able to read a 500 page report in only two hours; another graduate rose from an assistant manager to vice president of the company in under a year. Obviously, the faster you can read, the more information you can absorb in a single workday. Moreover, Easy Read whould cost Acme only $500 per employee-a small price to paywhen you consider the benefits. Included in this fee is a three-week seminar in Spruce City and a lifelong sbuscription to the Easy Read newsletter. Clearly, to improve productivity, Acme should require all of our employees to take the Easy Read course."

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the advice and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the anser to these questions would help to evaluate the advice.

12. Zeta,Alpha两公司建楼的那个,要求的是evidence是削弱还是支持

13. The following recommendation appeared in a memo from the mayor of the town of Hopewell.

"Twoyears ago, the nearby town of Ocean View built a new municipal golf course and resorthotel. During the past two years, tourism in Ocean View has increased, newbusinesses have opened there, and Ocean View's tax revenues have risen by 30percent. Therefore, the best way to improve Hopewell's economy—and generate additionaltax revenues—is to build a golf course and resort hotel similar to those inOcean View."

Write a response in which you examine thestated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how theargument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for theargument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.(77)

14. teenage dirver的问题

15. 是那个冬天冷 预报以后持续冷 又建新小区以至于fuel of heating oil 增加 在题库里查下关键字就行了

16. Climpson关于Internet Monitoring software那道 (34 )

17. The following appeared in a newsletter offering advice to investors.

"Over 80 percent of the respondents to a recent survey indicated a desire to reduce their intake of foods containing fats and cholesterol, and today low-fat products abound in many food stores. Since many of the food products currently marketed by Old Dairy Industries are high in fat and cholesterol, the company's sales are likely to diminish greatly and company profits will no doubt decrease. We therefore advise Old Dairy stockholders to sell their shares, and other investors not to purchase stock in this company."

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the advice and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the advice.(76)

18. 荐固体肥皂给一个医院集团

19. 一个什么Waymarsh交通堵塞要用G什么的城市的方法解决。

20. 青少年驾车事故要在学校开办驾驶课程那个

21. 关于Balm island上应该限制moped rental的

22. argument 是 Sunnyside tower installing new showerhead and its potential savings. 记得的单词 wayward, precocial, copious, anneal, ore, simpleton, ideologue, phony.

23. 是说两个食物公司的。作文在9月的题库里看过

24. Nature's Way, a chain of stores selling health food and other health-related products, is opening its next franchise in the town of Plainsville. The store should prove to be very successful: Nature's Way franchises tend to be most profitable in areas where residents lead healthy lives, and clearly Plainsville is such an area. Plainsville merchants report that sales of running shoes and exercise clothing are at all-time highs. The local health club has more members than ever, and the weight training and aerobics classes are always full. Finally, Plainsville's schoolchildren represent a new generation of potential customers: these schoolchildren are required to participate in a fitness-for-life program, which emphasizes the benefits of regular exercise at an early age.

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

25. The following appeared in a memo from the director of student housing at Buckingham College.

To serve the housing needs of our students, Buckingham College should build a number of new dormitories. Buckingham's enrollment is growing and, based on current trends, will double over

the next 50 years, thus making existing dormitory space inadequate. Moreover, the average rent for an apartment in our town has risen in recent years. Consequently, students will find it increasingly difficult to afford off-campus housing. Finally, attractive new dormitories would make prospective students more likely to enroll at Buckingham."

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

26. The following appeared in a memo from the vice president of a food distribution company with food storage warehouses in several cities.

"Recently, we signed a contract with the Fly-Away Pest Control Company to provide pest control services at our fast-food warehouse in Palm City, but last month we discovered that over $20,000 worth of food there had been destroyed by pest damage. Meanwhile, the Buzzoff Pest Control Company, which we have used for many years, continued to service our warehouse in Wintervale, and last month only $10,000 worth of the food stored there had been destroyed by pest damage. Even though the price charged by Fly-Away is considerably lower, our best means of saving money is to return to Buzzoff for all our pest control services."

27. The following appeared in a letter from a firm providing investment advice for a client.

"Most homes in the northeastern United States, where winters are typically cold, have traditionally used oil as their major fuel for heating. Last heating season that region experienced 90 days with below-normal temperatures, and climate forecasters predict that this weather pattern will continue for several more years. Furthermore, many new homes are being built in the region in response to recent population growth. Because of these trends, we predict an increased demand for heating oil and recommend investment in Consolidated Industries, one of whose major business operations is the retail sale of home heating oil."

28. The following was written as a part of an application for a small-business loan by a group of developers in the city of Monroe.

"A jazz music club in Monroe would be a tremendously profitable enterprise. Currently, the nearest jazz club is 65 miles away; thus, the proposed new jazz club in Monroe, the C-Note, would have the local market all to itself. Plus, jazz is extremely popular in Monroe: over 100,000 people attended Monroe's annual jazz festival last summer; several well-known jazz musicians live in Monroe; and the highest-rated radio program in Monroe is 'Jazz Nightly,' which airs every weeknight at 7 P.M. Finally, a nationwide study indicates that the typical jazz fan spends close to $1,000 per year on jazz entertainment."

10月

1. Workers in the small town of Leeville take fewer sick days than workers in the large city of Masonton, 50miles away. Moreover, relative to population size, the diagnosis of stress-related

illness is proportionally much lower in Leeville than in Masonton. According to the Leeville Chamber of Commerce, these facts can be attributed to the health benefits of the relatively relaxed pace of life in Leeville.

Write a response in which you discuss one or more alternative explanations that could rival the proposed planation and explain how your explanation(s) can plausibly account for the facts presented in the argument.

2. 一个HR的副总给老总提了个建议。一个national survy 调查说,员工们在工作时,浪费了很多时间在用电脑做自己的事情上。副总建议公司电脑装一个软件,软件可以阻止员工在电脑上做自己的事情。这样,这样就可以大大的减少浪费,提高效率。

3. 14:executive睡眠less than 6 hours,问assumption

4. 69. The following appeared in a memo from a vice president of a large, highly diversified company.

"Ten years ago our company had two new office buildings constructed as regional headquarters for two regions. The buildings were erected by different construction companies—Alpha and Zeta. Although the two buildings had identical floor plans, the building constructed by Zeta cost 30 percent more to build. However, that building's expenses for maintenance last year were only half those of Alpha's. In addition, the energy consumption of the Zeta building has been lower than that of the Alpha building every year since its construction. Given these data, plus the fact that Zeta has a stable workforce with little employee turnover, we recommend using Zeta rather than Alpha for our new building project, even though Alpha's bid promises lower construction costs."

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

5. Ultraclean soap

6. helmets那篇

7. Collectors prize the ancient life-size clay statues of human figures made on Kali Island but have long wondered how Kalinese artists were able to depict bodies with such realistic precision. Since archaeologists have recently discovered molds of human heads and hands on Kali, we can now conclude that the ancient Kalinese artists used molds of actual bodies, not sculpting tools and techniques, to create these statues. This discovery explains why Kalinese miniature statues were abstract and entirely different in style: molds could be used only for life-size sculptures. It also explains why few ancient Kalinese sculpting tools have been found. In light of this discovery, collectors predict that the life-size sculptures will decrease in value while the miniatures increase in value.

8. The vice president for human resources at Climpson Industries sent the following recommendation to the company's president.

"In an effort to improve our employees' productivity, we should implement electronic monitoring of employees' Internet use from their workstations. Employees who use the Internet from their workstations need to be identified and punished if we are to reduce the number of work hours spent on personal or recreational activities, such as shopping or playing games. By installing software to detect employees' Internet use on company computers, we can prevent employees from wasting time, foster a better work ethic at Climpson, and improve our overall profits."

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

9. A ten year nationwide study of the effectiveness of wearing a helmet while bicycling indicates that ten years ago, approximately 35 percent of all bicyclists reported wearing helmets, whereas today that number is nearly 80 percent. Another study, however, suggests that during the same ten-year period, the number of accidents caused by bicycling has increased 200 percent. These results demonstrate that bicyclists feel safer because they are wearing helmets, and they take more risks as a result. Thus, there is clearly a call for the government to strive to reduce the number of serious injuries from bicycle accidents by launching an education program that concentrates on the factors other than helmet use that are necessary for bicycle safety."

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

10. 76 fats foods

11. Sanlee 和Marlee 地区布置作业多和少问题

12. 那个在bc开一家以海鲜为主的新餐厅是受欢迎而且能盈利的。

13. 学校要提供mandatory driving course

14. "One month ago, all the showerheads in the first three buildings of the Sunnyside Towers complex were modified to restrict maximum water flow to one-third of what it used to be. Although actual readings of water usage before and after the adjustment are not yet available, the change will obviously result in a considerable savings for Sunnyside Corporation, since the corporation must pay for water each month. Except for a few complaints about low water pressure, no problems with showers have been reported since the adjustment. I predict that modifying showerheads to restrict water flow throughout all twelve buildings in the Sunnyside Towers complex will increase our profits even more dramatically."

15. "The following appeared in a memo from the director of a large group of hospitals.

"Ina controlled laboratory study of liquid hand soaps, a concentrated solution of extra strength Ultra Clean hand soap produced a 40 percent greater reduction in harmful bacteria than did the liquid hand soaps currently used in our hospitals. During our recent test of regular-strength Ultra Clean with doctors, nurses, and visitors at our hospital in Work town, the hospital reported significantly fewer cases of patient infection (a 20 percent reduction) than did any of the other hospitals in our group. Therefore, to prevent serious patient infections, we should supply Ultr a Clean at all hand-washing stations, including those used by visitors, throughout our hospital system."

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument."

16. “Clear view should be a top choice for anyone seeking a place to retire, because it has spectacular natural beauty and a consistent climate. Another advantage is that housing costs in Clear view have fallen significantly during the past year, and taxes remain lower than those in neighboring towns. Moreover, Clear view’s mayor promises many new programs to improve schools, streets, and public services. And best of all, retirees in Clear view can also expect excellent health care as they grow older, since the number of physicians in the area is far greater than the national average.”

“Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.”

17. A recent study reported that pet owners have longer, healthier lives on average than do people who own no pets. Specifically, dog owners tend to have a lower incidence of heart disease. In light of these findings, Sherwood Hospital should form a partnership with Sherwood Animal Shelter to institute an adopt-a-dog program. The program would encourage dog ownership for patients recovering from heart disease, which should reduce these patients' chance of experiencing continuing heart problems and also reduce their need for ongoing treatment. As a further benefit, the publicity about the program would encourage more people to adopt pets from the shelter. And that will reduce the incidence of heart disease in the general population.

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

18. Workers in the small town of Leeville take fewer sick days than workers in the large city of Masonton, 50miles away. Moreover, relative to population size, the diagnosis of stress-related illness is proportionally much lower in Leeville than in Masonton. According to the Leeville Chamber of Commerce, these facts can be attributed to the health benefits of the relatively relaxed pace of life in Leeville.

Write a response in which you discuss one or more alternative explanations that could rival the proposed explanation and explain how your explanation(s) can plausibly account for the facts presented in the argument.

19. The vice president of human resources at Climpson Industries sent the following recommendation to the company's president.

"A recent national survey found that the majority of workers with access to the Internet at work had used company computers for personal or recreational activities, such as banking or playing games. In an effort to improve our employees' productivity, we should implement electronic monitoring of employees' Internet use from their workstations. Using electronic monitoring software is the best way to reduce the number of hours Climpson employees spend on personal or recreational activities. We predict that installing software to monitor employees' Internet use will allow us to prevent employees from wasting time, thereby increasing productivity and improving overall profits."

20. The following appeared in a memo from a vice president of Alta Manufacturing.

“During the past year, Alta Manufacturing had thirty percent more on-the-job accidents than nearby Panoply Industries, where the work shifts are one hour shorter than ours. Experts believe that a significant contributing factor in many on-the-job accidents is fatigue and sleep deprivation among workers. Therefore, to reduce the number of on-the-job accidents at Alta and thereby increase productivity, we should shorten each of our three work shifts by one hour so that our employees will get adequate amounts of sleep.

21. The following appeared in a health newsletter.

"A ten-year nationwide study of the effectiveness of wearing a helmet while bicycling indicates that ten years ago, approximately 35 percent of all bicyclists reported wearing helmets, whereas today that number is nearly 80percent. Another study, however, suggests that during the same ten-year period, the number of bicycle-related accidents has increased 200 percent. These results demonstrate that bicyclists feel safer because they are wearing helmets, and they take more risks as a result. Thus, to reduce the number of serious injuries from bicycle accidents, the government should concentrate more on educating people about bicycle safety and less on encouraging or requiring bicyclists to wear helmets."

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

22. Butter has now been replaced by margarine in Happy Pancake House restaurants throughout the southwestern United States. Only about 2 percent of customers have complained, indicating that 98 people out of 100 are happy with the change. Furthermore, many servers have reported that a number of customers who ask for butter do not complain when they are given margarine

instead. Clearly, either these customers cannot distinguish butter from margarine or they use the term 'butter' to refer to either butter or margarine. Thus, to avoid the expense of purchasing butter and to increase profitability, the Happy Pancake House should extend this cost-saving change to its restaurants in the southeast and northeast as well.

23. The following appeared in a letter from the owner of the Sunnyside Towers apartment complex to its manager.

One month ago, all the showerheads in the first three buildings of the Sunnyside Towers complex were modified to restrict maximum water flow to one-third of what it used to be. Although actual readings of water usage before and after the adjustment are not yet available, the change will obviously result in a considerable savings for Sunnyside Corporation, since the corporation must pay for water each month. Except for a few complaints about low water pressure, no problems with showers have been reported since the adjustment. Clearly, modifying showerheads to restrict water flow throughout all twelve buildings in the Sunnyside Towers complex will increase our profits further.

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

11月

1, The following recommendation appeared in a memo from the mayor of the town of Hopewell.

"Two years ago, the nearby town of Ocean View built a new municipal golf course and resort hotel. During the past two years, tourism in Ocean View has increased, new businesses have opened there, and Ocean View's tax revenues have risen by 30 percent. Therefore, the best way to improve Hopewell's economy—and generate additional tax revenues—is to build a golf course and resort hotel similar to those in Ocean View."

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

2, The following appeared in a health newsletter.

"A ten-year nationwide study of the effectiveness of wearing a helmet while bicycling indicates that ten years ago, approximately 35 percent of all bicyclists reported wearing helmets, whereas today that number is nearly 80 percent. Another study, however, suggests that during the same ten-year period, the number of bicycle-related accidents has increased 200 percent. These results demonstrate that bicyclists feel safer because they are wearing helmets, and they take more risks as a result. Thus, to reduce the number of serious injuries from bicycle accidents, the government should concentrate more on educating people about bicycle safety and less on encouraging or requiring bicyclists to wear helmets." (高频)

3,The following appeared in a memorandum from the manager of WWAC radio station.

"To reverse a decline in listener numbers, our owners have decided that WWAC must change from its current rock-music format. The decline has occurred despite population growth in our listening area, but that growth has resulted mainly from people moving here after their retirement. We must make listeners of these new residents. We could switch to a music format tailored to their tastes, but a continuing decline in local sales of recorded music suggests limited interest in music. Instead we should change to a news and talk format, a form of radio that is increasingly popular in our area."

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

4,The following is part of a memorandum from the president of Humana University.

"Last year the number of students who enrolled in online degree programs offered by nearby Omni University increased by 50 percent. During the same year, Omni showed a significant decrease from prior years in expenditures for dormitory and classroom space, most likely because instruction in the online programs takes place via the Internet. In contrast, over the past three years, enrollment at Humana University has failed to grow, and the cost of maintaining buildings has increased along with our budget deficit. To address these problems, Humana University will begin immediately to create and actively promote online degree programs like those at Omni. We predict that instituting these online degree programs will help Humana both increase its total enrollment and solve its budget problems."

Direction是写assumption

5,The following appeared in a health magazine published in Corpora.

"Medical experts say that only one-quarter of Corpora's citizens meet the current standards for adequate physical fitness, even though twenty years ago, one-half of all of Corpora's citizens met the standards as then defined. But these experts are mistaken when they suggest that spending too much time using computers has caused a decline in fitness. Since overall fitness levels are highest in regions of Corpora where levels of computer ownership are also highest, it is clear that using computers has not made citizens less physically fit. Instead, as shown by this year's unusually low expenditures on fitness-related products and services, the recent decline in the economy is most likely the cause, and fitness levels will improve when the economy does."

6,关于O城市的健康水平和电脑使用时间的关系,由于经济不景气,O城市居民消费健康器材也减少了

7,Nature's Way, a chain of stores selling health food and other health-related products, is opening its next franchise in the town of Plainsville. The store should prove to be very successful: Nature's Way franchises tend to be most profitable in areas where residents lead healthy lives,

and clearly Plainsville is such an area. Plainsville merchants report that sales of running shoes and exercise clothing are at all-time highs. The local health club has more members than ever, and the weight training and aerobics classes are always full. Finally, Plainsville's schoolchildren represent a new generation of potential customers: these schoolchildren are required to participate in a fitness-for-life program, which emphasizes the benefits of regular exercise at an early age.

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

8,关于G市因为交通堵塞要修路,向另外一个城市学习

9,ETS题库里面的78/114/117/116 讲的是fast-food warehouse, pest damage, vice president's memo.

10,有2个城市A和B, A在PUBLIC EDUCATION 上的投资是B的2倍, 所以A 的RESIDENTS关于教育的VALUE要比B高

11,Computer ownership and fitness level in a town.

12,The following appeared in a memo from the director of student housing at Buckingham College.

”To serve the housing needs of our students, Buckingham College should build a number of new dormitories. Buckingham's enrollment is growing and, based on current trends, will double over the next 50 years, thus making existing dormitory space inadequate. Moreover, the average rent for an apartment in our town has risen in recent years. Consequently, students will find it increasingly difficult to afford off-campus housing. Finally, attractive new dormitories would make prospective students more likely to enroll at Buckingham." ——evidence

13,basket那篇

14,10年间一个地方的农场增加了25%,但是milk的价格在这十年间却从1.5刀每加仑涨到了3刀,所以当地政府觉得农民很会赚钱,肆意调控牛奶价格,所以准备采取政策调控牛奶价格。

15,The following is a recommendation from the personnel director to the president of Acme Publishing Company.

"Many other companies have recently stated that having their employees take the Easy Read Speed-Reading Course has greatly improved productivity. One graduate of the course was able to read a 500-page report in only two hours; another graduate rose from an assistant manager to vice president of the company in under a year. Obviously, the faster you can read, the more information you can absorb in a single workday. Moreover, Easy Read would cost Acme only $500

per employee—a small price to pay when you consider the benefits. Included in this fee is a three-week seminar in Spruce City and a lifelong subscription to the Easy Read newsletter. Clearly, to improve productivity, Acme should require all of our employees to take the Easy Read course."

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the advice and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the advice.

16,Acme Publishing Company让他们员工去参加一个阅读培训从而提高productivity那篇

17,一个newsletter做了一个调查发现80%的人有意向停止食用food with fat and cholesterol, 很多食品店业开始销售low fat food,然后又这么一个公司大规模生产fatty food,所以conclude这个公司的sales will be diminished and profits will decrease for sure. 最后建议investors和stockholder减持股票,减少投资。

18,A chemical (starts with an S) is similar to aspirin and helps to cure headaches among the residents of Mentia. This chemical has already been commercialized. However, manufactured discovered its new use in food additives. So they think making and selling this additive will further decline headache cases suffered by the residents of Mentia.

12月

1,(高频)Homes in the northeastern United States, where winters are typically cold, have traditionally used oil as their major fuel for heating. Last year that region experienced twenty days with below-average temperatures, and local weather forecasters throughout the region predict that this weather pattern will continue for several more years. Furthermore, many new homes have been built in this region during the past year. Based on these developments, we predict a large increase in the demand for heating oil. Therefore, we recommend investment in Consolidated Industries, one of whose major business operations is the retail sale of home heating oil.

2,(高频)The following is a recommendation from the Board of Directors of Monarch Books.

"We recommend that Monarch Books open a café in its store. Monarch, having been in business at the same location for more than twenty years, has a large customer base because it is known for its wide selection of books on all subjects. Clearly, opening the café would attract more customers. Space could be made for the café by discontinuing the children's book section, which will probably become less popular given that the most recent national census indicated a significant decline in the percentage of the population under age ten. Opening a café will allow Monarch to attract more customers and better compete with Regal Books, which recently opened its own café."

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how

the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

3,The following appeared in a letter from a homeowner to a friend.

"Of the two leading real estate firms in our town—Adams Realty and Fitch Realty—Adams Realty is clearly superior. Adams has 40 real estate agents; in contrast, Fitch has 25, many of whom work only part-time. Moreover, Adams' revenue last year was twice as high as that of Fitch and included home sales that averaged $168,000, compared to Fitch's $144,000. Homes listed with Adams sell faster as well: ten years ago I listed my home with Fitch, and it took more than four months to sell; last year, when I sold another home, I listed it with Adams, and it took only one month. Thus, if you want to sell your home quickly and at a good price, you should use Adams Realty."

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

4,health food and health-related products

5,(高频,国内17日场再次考到)

The following is a recommendation from the Board of Directors of Monarch Books.

“We recommend that Monarch Books open a café in its store. Monarch, having been in business at the same location for more than twenty years, has a large customer base because it is known for its wide selection of books on all subjects. Clearly, opening the café would attract more customers. Space could be made for the café by discontinuing the children’s book section, which will probably become less popular given that the most recent national census indicated a significant decline in the percentage of the population under age ten. Opening a café will allow Monarch to attract more customers and better compete with Regal Books, which recently opened its own café.”

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

6,The following appeared in a letter from a homeowner to a friend.

"Of the two leading real estate firms in our town—Adams Realty and Fitch Realty—Adams Realty is clearly superior. Adams has 40 real estate agents; in contrast, Fitch has 25, many of whom work only part-time. Moreover, Adams' revenue last year was twice as high as that of Fitch and included home sales that averaged $168,000, compared to Fitch's $144,000. Homes listed with Adams sell faster as well: ten years ago I listed my home with Fitch, and it took more than four months to sell; last year, when I sold another home, I listed it with Adams, and it took only one month. Thus, if you want to sell your home quickly and at a good price, you should use Adams

Realty."

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

7,An ancient, traditional remedy for insomnia—the scent of lavender flowers—has now been proved effective. In a recent study, 30 volunteers with chronic insomnia slept each night for three weeks on lavender-scented pillows in a controlled room where their sleep was monitored electronically. During the first week, volunteers continued to take their usual sleeping medication. They slept soundly but wakened feeling tired. At the beginning of the second week, the volunteers discontinued their sleeping medication. During that week, they slept less soundly than the previous week and felt even more tired. During the third week, the volunteers slept longer and more soundly than in the previous two weeks. Therefore, the study proves that lavender cures insomnia within a short period of time.

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

8,停产耐久袜子转而多色袜子

9,有两家建筑工资zeta 和alpha, zeta建筑费高但是维持费低

10,Humans arrived in the Kaliko Islands about 7,000 years ago, and within 3,000 years most of the large mammal species that had lived in the forests of the Kaliko Islands had become extinct. Yet humans cannot have been a factor in the species' extinctions, because there is no evidence that the humans had any significant contact with the mammals. Further, archaeologists have discovered numerous sites where the bones of fish had been discarded, but they found no such areas containing the bones of large mammals, so the humans cannot have hunted the mammals. Therefore, some climate change or other environmental factor must have caused the species' extinctions.

11,collectors prize the ancient life-size clay statues of human figures made on Kali Island but have long wondered how the Kalinese artists were able to depict bodies with such realistic precision. Since archeologists have recently discovered molds of human heads and hands on Kali, we can now conclude that the ancient Kalinese artists used molds of actual bodies, not sculpting tools and techniques, to create these statues. This discovery explains why Kalinese miniature statues were abstract and entirely different in style: molds could only be used for life-size sculptures. It also explains why few ancient Kalinese sculpting tools have been found. In light of this development, collectors should expect the life-size sculptures to decrease in value and the miniatures to increase in value.

12,比较两个杀虫公司,一个fly-away,一个忘了什么名字。

20xx年2月 ISSUE

1. The general welfare of a nation's people is a better indication of that nation's greatness than are the achievements of its rulers, artists, or scientists.

相比统治者、艺术家或科学家的成就上,国民的安乐更能体现一个国家的伟大。

2. Scandals are useful because they focus our attention on problems in ways that no speaker or reformer ever could. 丑闻是有裨益的,因为它们让人们注意到一些问题,任何演说家和改革家都无法做到的。

ARGUMENT

1. The following recommendation appeared in a memo from the mayor of the town of Hopewell. "Two years ago, the nearby town of Ocean View built a new municipal golf course and resort hotel. During the past two years, tourism in Ocean View has increased, new businesses have opened there, and Ocean View's tax revenues have risen by 30 percent. Therefore, the best way to improve Hopewell's economy—and generate additional tax revenues—is to build a golf course and resort hotel similar to those in Ocean View."

2. The following appeared in a memo to the board of directors of Bargain Brand Cereals.

"One year ago we introduced our first product, Bargain Brand breakfast cereal. Our very low prices quickly drew many customers away from the top-selling cereal companies. Although the companies producing the top brands have since tried to compete with us by lowering their prices and although several plan to introduce their own budget brands, not once have we needed to raise our prices to continue making a profit. Given our success in selling cereal, we recommend that Bargain Brand now expand its business and begin marketing other low-priced food products as quickly as possible."

20xx年3月

Issue

1. Government should rely on their own judgment instead of unquestioningly carry out people's will.

2. Universities should require every student to take a variety of courses outside the student’s field of study

3. In any field, business, education, politics, government, leaders need to step down in less than 5 years.

ARGUMENT

1. 学校increase online degree program, H university 的校长建议也increase online degree.

2. 食物里面添加水杨酸和治疗头痛的问题

3. The following is part of a memorandum from the president of Humana University.

"Last year the number of students who enrolled in online degree programs offered by nearby Omni University increased by 50 percent. During the same year, Omni showed a significant decrease from prior years in expenditures for dormitory and classroom space, most likely because online instruction takes place via the Internet. In contrast, over the past three years, enrollment at Humana University has failed to grow and the cost of maintaining buildings has increased. Thus, to increase enrollment and solve the problem of budget deficits at Humana University, we should initiate and actively promote online degree programs like those at Omni."

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

4. The vice president of human resources at Climpson Industries sent the following recommendation to the company's president.

"In an effort to improve our employees' productivity, we should implement electronic monitoring of employees' Internet use from their workstations. Employees who use the Internet from their workstations need to be identified and punished if we are to reduce the Number of work hours spent on personal or recreational activities, such as shopping or playing games. By installing software to detect employees' Internet use on company computers, we can prevent employees from wasting time, foster a better work ethic at Climpson, and improve our overall profits."

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

20xx年4月

ISSUE

1. College students should be encouraged to pursue subjects that interest them rather than the courses that seem most likely to lead to jobs.

2. There is little justification for society to make extraordinary efforts—especially at a great cost in money and jobs—to save endangered animal or plant species.

3. 在冒险之前要考虑后果

ARGUMENT

1. The following appeared in a letter from the owner of the Sunnyside Towers apartment complex to its manager. "One month ago, all the showerheads in the first three buildings of the Sunnyside Towers complex were modified to restrict maximum water flow to one-third of what it used to be. Although actual readings of water usage before and after the adjustment are not yet available, the change will obviously result in a considerable savings for Sunnyside Corporation, since the corporation must pay for water each month. Except for a few complaints about low water pressure, no problems with showers have been reported since the adjustment. Clearly, modifying showerheads to restrict water flow throughout all twelve buildings in the Sunnyside Towers complex will increase our profits further."

2. 考的是那个new Captain Seadood will be popular and profitable。

3. 公司做调查说现在电器的用能源量比以前少了很多,所以能源的用量会有所减少什么的。。

20xx年5月

ISSUE

1. it is no longer possible for society to regard a living man or woman as a hero

2. government officials should carry out the will of the people they serve or make their own judgement

3. 91.The primary goal of technological advancement should be to increase people's efficiency so that they have more leisure time.

4. 考频最高的那个requiring students to take a variety of courses

5. 多样化课程的教育(高频,幸运啊!!)

6. 112 requiring university students to take a variety of course是outside their major fields of study is the best way to ensure that students become truly educated

7. ISSUE是科技提高是否让人们有更多leisure time

8. ARGU是BUTLER COUNTY和PRUNTY COUNTY的改善高速公路安全的做法

9. courses outside their major fields A是Butler County和Prunty County的

10. ISSUE: Scientists and other researchers should focus their research on areas that are likely to benefit the greatest number of people

11. issue19

ARGUMENT 1. Happy Pancake Restaurant; margarine; butter

2. 袜子公司想要停止endure manufacturing process以提高利润 举出三条理由

(我写的就是说三条理由对profit提高的correlation没有建立起来 用到的论点有company image& long-term customer relationship (停止生产质量下降), sock are seasonal (为什么消费者都3个月就买一次),东北部人民强调新潮式样和颜色种类可能因为比较爱fashion 但不代表他们就不care about the endurability,最后看有时间又扯到要是停止这个process了也不一定会提高利润因为1)可能需要裁员,剩下的员工可能就不会那么incentivized和有Job security,因为他们也担心随时也会被裁掉

2)虽然patent也可以卖,但是在R&D阶段有很多sunk cost是没办法recover的

3. 13. 就是P县从55到45限速结果失败,然后要采取路面改进的那篇

4. argu是出政策改55每小时到45每小时,然后用邻市的那个拓宽道路的方法。

5. 有个道路车辆的题目(不知道是不是高频)

6. 13 讲 那个prunty为 减少交通事故的 要运用 butler的方法的那篇 要求是evidence 作文是argue38

7. ARGU:An ancient, traditional remedy for insomnia—the scent of lavender flowers—has now been proved effective. In a recent study, 30 volunteers with chronic insomnia slept each night for three weeks on lavender-scented pillows in a controlled room where their sleep was monitored electronically. During the first week, volunteers continued to take their usual sleeping medication. They slept soundly but wakened feeling tired. At the beginning of the second week, the volunteers

discontinued their sleeping medication. During that week, they slept less soundly than the previous week and felt even more tired. During the third week, the volunteers slept longer and more soundly than in the previous two weeks. Therefore, the study proves that lavender cures insomnia within a short period of time.

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

Governments should focus on solving the immediate problems of today rather than on trying to solve the anticipated problems of the future.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position.

8.argument

The following appeared in a memo from the new vice president of Sartorian, a company that manufactures men's clothing.

"Five years ago, at a time when we had difficulties in obtaining reliable supplies of high quality wool fabric, we discontinued production of our alpaca overcoat. Now that we have a new fabric supplier, we should resume production. This coat should sell very well: since we have not offered an alpaca overcoat for five years and since our major competitor no longer makes an alpaca overcoat, there will be pent-up customer demand. Also, since the price of most types of clothing has increased in each of the past five years, customers should be willing to pay significantly higher prices for alpaca overcoats than they did five years ago, and our company profits will increase."

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.



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