发表于:2021.6.28来自:www.fanwen118.com字数:5400 手机看范文


根据试题统计,动词语法占语法考题中的50%左右,其内容主要包括动词的时态、语态、要掌握英语的时态和语态,必须掌握好英语中的助动词(do, be, have)


1. 一般现在时

主要用来表示人、事物的现在状况和特点;表示经常或习惯性的动作,句子中常有often, always, from time to time 等时间状语;表示客观规律和永恒真理等。

He usually goes to work at 7 o?clock every morning.

She has a brother who lives in New York. The earth goes around the sun.

Guangzhou is situated in the south of China.


I learned that the earth goes around the sun when I was in primary school. 考点二:在时间和条件状语从句中,代替一般将来时,常用的引导词有: 时间:when, until, after, before, as soon as, once, the moment / minute / day /


条件:if, unless, provided If he accepts the job, he will get more money soon. 考点三:在make sure (certain), see to it, mind, care, matter +宾语从句中,从


So long as he works hard, I don?t mind when he finishes the experiment.


考点四:在the more… the more … (越…越…) 句型中, 若主句是一般将来时,


The harder you study, the better results you will get.

2. 现在进行时



We are having English class. The house is being built these days.

The little boy is always making trouble.


Look out when you are crossing the street.

Don?t wake him up if he is still sleeping at 7 tomorrow morning.

考点二: 表示在最近按计划或安排要进行的动作(这时多有表示将来的时间


Marry is leaving on Friday.

3. 现在完成时



考点一:for + 时间段;since + 时间点

They have lived in Beijing for five years.

They have lived in Beijing since 1995. I have learned English for ten years. 考点二:常见的不确定的时间状语:lately, recently, just, already, yet, up to now;

till now; so far, these days

Has it stopped raining yet?



in the past few years/months/weeks/days, over the past few years, during the last three months, for the last few centuries, through centuries, throughout history 等 In the past 30 years China has made great advances in socialist construction. 考点四:表示“第几次做某事,”或在 “It is the best (worst, most interesting ) +

名词+that” 后面用现在完成时。

This is my first time that I have visited China. That is the only book that he has


This is the most interesting film I have ever seen.



在的影响,只说明过去。常与明确的过去时间状语连用,如:yesterday, last week, in 1945, at that time, once, during the war, before, a few days ago,


考点一:used to + do 表示过去经常但现在已不再维持的习惯动作。to为


比较:be / become / get used to + doing 表示习惯于

He used to smoke a lot. He has got used to getting up early.


He promised to buy me a computer if he got a raise

5. 过去进行时


The boy was doing his homework when his father came back from work. He was taking a walk leisurely by the lake when he heard someone shouted for


What were you doing at nine last night?

The radio was being repaired when you called me.

6. 过去完成时


There had been 25 parks in our city up till 20xx.

By the end of last term we had finished the book.

They finished earlier than we had expected.

考点一:用于hardly/scarcely...when; no sooner ...than句型中,主句用过去完


I had hardly finished my work when he came to see me.

I had no sooner got into the room than it began to snow.

No sooner had I arrived home than the telephone rang. (注意倒装)


That was the second time that she had seen her grandfather.

考点三:动词hope, expect, think, intend, mean, want, suppose, plan 用过去完


I had hoped that I could do the job. I had intended to see you but I was too busy.

7. 一般将来时

表示在将来某个时间发生的动作或情况。常和tomorrow, next year, in 20xx



We will begin our class as soon as the teacher comes.

(主句用一般将来时,从句中一定要用一般现在时替代一般将来时。) 考点二:某些表示短暂性动作的动词如arrive, come, go, leave, start等,用现


I am leaving for Beijing tomorrow.

考点三:“祈使句 + and / or + 句子”,这种结构中and后面的句子谓语用一


Use your head and you will find a way.

考点四:“be going to + 动词原形”,表示打算要做的事或可能要发生的事。 “be about to + 动词原形”表示按照预定计划或打算准备着手进行的动作。

“be to + 动词原形”表示必须、必然或计划将要做的事。

They are to be married in May.

8. 将来进行时

表示将来某个时间正在发生的动作,或按计划一定会发生的事情。 I?ll be doing my homework this time tomorrow. 明天这会我正在写作业。

The President will be meeting the foreign delegation at the airport.

9. 将来完成时


考点一:常用的时间状语一般用by + 将来时间 ,如:by the end of this year, by 8 o?clock this evening, by March next year以及由by the time…, before或when


By the end of next month, he will have traveled 1000 miles on foot.

By the time you reach the station, the train will have left.

By next Tuesday, I will have got ready for the exams.

考点二:在时间和条件状语从句中,将来完成时则由现在完成时表示。 The children will do their homework the moment they have arrived back from


10. 动词的语态



come true, consist of, take place, happen, become, rise, occur, belong, break out,

appear, arrive, die, fall, last, exist, fail, succeed

It took place before liberation.

考点二:下列动词的主动语态表示被动意义, 而且常与well, quite, easily,

badly等副词连用:lock, wash, sell, read, wear, blame, ride , write

Glass breaks easily. 玻璃容易破碎。 The car rides smoothly. 这车走起来很


The case locks easily. 这箱子很好锁。 The book sells well. 这本书很畅销。


It is said…, It is reported…, It is widely believed…,It is expected…, It is



说:It was believed…, It was thought…。

第二篇:初中英语语法总结 5600字


1 (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+do eg:I like watching monkeys jump

2 (比较级 and 比较级)表示越来越怎么样

3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易)

4 agree with sb 赞成某人

5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样

6 all over the world = the whole world 整个 世界

7 along with同??一道,伴随?? eg : the students planted trees along with their teachers 学生同老师们一起种树

8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样

9 as you can see 你是知道的

10 ask for ??求助 向?要?(直接接想要的东西) eg : ask you for my book

11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么

12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事 ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事

13 at the age of 在??岁时 eg:I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen

14 at the beginning of ?? ??的起初;??的开始

15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾 eg : At the end of the day

16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候


17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句 感觉/对什么有信心,自信 eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test

18 be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时

19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够?? eg : She is able to sing She can sing

20 be able to do sth 能够干什么 eg :she is able to sing

21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕?? eg : I'm afraed to go out at night I'm afraid of dog

22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么 eg: I'm allowed to watch TV 我被允许看电视 I should be allowed to watch TV 我应该被允许看电视

23 be angry with sb 生某人的气 eg : Don't be angry with me

24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气

25 be as?原级?as 和什么一样 eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高 26 be ashamed to 不好意思?

27 be away from 远离

28 be away from 从??离开

29 be bad for 对什么有害 eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好

30 be born 出生于



情感型使动词表示客观事物使人产生情感上的变化,可以分为下列概念:(1)惊讶(surprise);(2)高兴(delight);(3)恼怒(irritation);(4)烦扰(trouble);(5)兴趣(interest);(6)激动(excitement);(7)迷惑(bewilderment);(8)坚信( conviction);( 9)恐吓(fright);




78)a.The taste surprised him,it was not as he'd imagined. b.The taste made him surprised,it was not as he'd imagined. c.He was surprised by the taste,it was not as he'd imagined. (这味道使他大出意外,那完全不是他原先想的那样。)

79)a.The news astonished everybody.

b.The news made everybody astonished.

c.Everybody was astonished at the news.


80)a.Sherlock Holmes astounded Dr Watson with his accurate analysis.

b.Sherlock Holmes made Dr Watson astounded with his accurate analysis. c.Dr Watson was astounded by Sherlock Holmes with his accurate analysis. (夏洛克·福尔摩斯精确的分析使华生医生感到惊奇。)

81)a.Their performance amazed me.

b.I was amazed at/by their performance.


82)a.The explosion startled me out of my sleep.

b.I was startled out of my sleep by the explosion.


83)a.The unfairness of their judgment stunned me.

b.I was stunned by the unfairness of their judgment.


84)a.The strange news completely dumb-founded me.

b.I was completely dumbfounded at/by the strange news.


85)a.The news of her death greatly shocked me.

b.I was greatly shocked at the news of her death.






86) a.Her singing delighted us.

b.Her singing made us delighted.

c.We were delighted at her singing.


87) a.His work pleased me.

b.His work made me pleased.

c.I was pleased with his work.


88) a.The result completely satisfied most of the people.

b.Most of the people were completely satisfied with the result. (这个结果使大多数人完全满意。)

89) a.The old man's jokes amused the children.

b.The children were amused at/by the old man's jokes.



表示“恼怒”概念的情感型使动词,主要有annoy, irritate,vex,displease等,例如:

90) a. What he said annoyed me.

b.What be said made me annoyed.

c.I was annoyed by what he said.


91) a. His delay irritated us.

b.His delay made us irritated.

c.We were irritated by his delay.


92) a.The boy's bad behaviour vexed his mother.

b.The boy's mother was vexed by his bad behaviour.


93) a.Her levity displeased him.

b. He was displeased at/with her levity.



46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣

47 be late for = come late to 迟到 eg: Be late for class 上课迟到 48 be like 像?? eg : I'm like my mother

49 be mad at 生某人的气

50 be made from 由??制成(制成以后看不见原材料)

51 be made of 由??制成(制成以后还看得见原材料)

52 be not sure 表不确定

53 be on a visit to 参观

54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎

55 be quiet 安静

56 be short for 是?的缩写 eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰

57 be sick in bed 生病在床

58 be sorry to do sth / be sorry for sb eg : I am sorry for you 很遗憾做?/ 对某人感到抱歉

59 be sorry to hear that 很遗憾听到?

60 be sorry to trouble sb eg : I am sorry to trouble you 很抱歉打扰某人


61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事 eg : He's strict in obeying noles 62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 eg: Some students are not strict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格

63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格

64 be supposed to do 被要求干什么

65 be sure 表确定

66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心 eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well

67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher 我相信我的大脑(老师)

68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test 我相信他能通过考试

69 be sure to do sth一定会做某事eg: We are sure to pass the test 我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语

70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕??

71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事

72 be the same as ? 和什么一样

73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事 eg: My father is used to getting up early 我爸爸习惯早He is used to sleeping in class 他习惯上课睡觉 74 be worth doing 值得做什么

75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句

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