上海初二年级暑假小班 吕N老师(14000字)

发表于:2021.4.23来自:www.fanwen118.com字数:14000 手机看范文

新王牌教育 / 为进步提供动力

Never offer to teach fish to swim不要班门弄

上海初二年级暑假小班吕N老师

绕口令:The cat catchers can't catch caught cats.

☆ 脑筋急转弯☆

1.What weather do mice and rats fear?

老鼠害怕什么天气?

2.What color is the wind?

风是什么颜色?

3.What clothing is always sad?

什么衣服总是伤感的?

实用英语表达:

1.You stupid jerk!

2. You have a lot of nerve.。

3. I’m fed up.

上海初二年级暑假小班吕N老师

引导回顾

冠词 (关注重要考点)

冠词的词汇量最少,只有三个:a, an , the 。在选用冠词的时候应考虑三个因素:(1)名词是可数的还是不可数的(能否用a/an);(2)是否在作一般的陈述,即是不是表示泛指(该不该用a/an);(3)所指的东西听者或读者能否无误地识别,即是否需要特指(是否需用the)。

一.不定冠词a/an的用法:

1.开头字母为元音字母,但发音却为辅音音素的单词前要用a, 而不是an。

如:

a unit 一个单位,一个单元;a uniform 一套制服;a university 一所大学;

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新王牌教育 / 为进步提供动力

a useful book 一本有用的书; a European 一个欧洲人

(注意这样的情况:There is a “u” in the word “sound”.)

2.以辅音字母开头,但是发音却以元音音素开头的词的前面要用an ,而不用a。

如:

an hour 一个小时; an honest man 一个诚实的人

3.有些辅音字母的读音是以元音音素开始的,其前面也要用an, 而不是a。如:

an X-ray photograph 一张X光照片;

There is an “s” in the word “sit ” . 在单词sit里有一个s。

4.“a / an + adj.+不可数名词”结构在英语里用得相当广泛。

如:单独表达rain, wind , snow……时,他们是不可数的,可是前面有了形容词修饰的时候,就可以用a/an来修饰,

如:

a heavy rain 一场大雨;a light snow 一场小雪;a strong wind 一阵大风

5.“a + 序数词”表示“又一,再一”,并没有表示顺序的意思。

如:

Can you give me a second chance, please? 你能再给我一次机会吗?(a second chance 相当于 another chance.)

There is a third boy over there.那边还有一个男孩。(说明这里有两个男孩,那边还有一个,但是这三个男孩和顺序排列无关。)

6.用于首次提到的某人或某物。

7.用于不可数名词danger,difficulty,failure, success等前,表示某一类人或事物。Eg:Grate Wall is a wonder。长城真是个奇观。

8用在一些表示情感的不可数名词前,eg:honor,pity,joy, surprise等表示一种心理情感。Eg:It’s an honor for me to be invited to the party.应邀参加晚会我感到很荣幸。

9用于不可数名词education,history,knowledge,time,world等前,表示其某一部分或某一方面的内容。Eg:Our country has a population of 1.3billion. 我国有13亿人口。

10用于固定搭配中。

许多a lot of 一 张a piece of

名胜a place of interest 浪费时间a waste of time

过了一会儿after a while 洗澡take a bath\

散步have a walk 很多a great many

休息一下have a rest 拜访pay a visit

匆忙in a hurry 一两个小时an hour or two

感冒\咳嗽have a cold\cough 尝试have a try

看一下have a look 过的好不好have a good \bad time

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新王牌教育 / 为进步提供动力

从前once upon a time 开玩笑play a joke

谈话have a word 节食on a diet 许多a number of 每周once a week

二.定冠词the 的用法:

1、 特指:用于双方都知道的人或事物前,用于第二次提到某人或某物;用于被限定性

定语修饰的名词前。

2、 表示类属的单数名词前家the,表示某一类人或事物。

如:The lion is the king of animals.狮子是兽中之王。

(不过不可数名词表示一类,不加任何冠词。如:Water is a kind of matter.水是一种物质。)

用于由普通名词构成的专有名词前;用于表示江、河、湖、海、山脉、岛屿、国家的名词前

也常加the。如:

the East Sea 东海 the West Lake 西湖

the Yellow River 黄河 the English Channel 英吉利海峡

the Alps 阿尔卑斯山脉 the Tianshan Mountains 天山山脉

(注意;“Mount Tai 泰山”前不加the。)

3、 用于表示独一无二的事物的名词前,表示方位的名词前。

4、 常用于序数词和形容词最高级前。

5、 用于姓氏复数名词前表示“---夫妇,----一家人”

6、 用语乐器前

7、 The+adj 表示一类人或物

8、 年代名词前常加the

“the +姓的复数”表示全家人或者夫妻俩。

如:

The Zhangs are having lunch now. 张家正在吃午饭。

1、 The Smiths are both English teachers. 史密斯夫妇俩都是英语老师。

2、 固定搭配、

仍然,还是 all the same 一直all the time

总是一年到头all the year round 在---岁时at the end of 在---的结尾at the end of 在---的前头at the head of 、

此刻at the moment 同时at the same time在---的时候

by the time 顺便说by the way

在空中in the sky 在白天in the day

最后in the end 将来in the future

在户外in the open air 整理床铺make the bed

和---相同the same as 按小时by the hour 在远处in the distance

在某些词组中有无定冠词含义不同。

如:

go to school 去上学—— go to the school 去学校(不确定去做什么)

go to hospital 去医院看病——go to the hospital 去医院(上班或看望病人等)

go to church 去教堂(做礼拜)——go to the church 去教堂(不确定去做什么)

in class 在课堂上——in the class在教室里

at table 在桌子旁(吃饭)——at the table 坐在桌子旁(不确定做什么)

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新王牌教育 / 为进步提供动力

(巧记:今天做了一道名菜,叫做“the”,把the吃进了肚子里,所以不加the 的at table就是坐在桌子旁吃饭)

in front of 在……的前面——in the front of 在……内部的前面

in bed(卧病)躺在床上——in the bed 在床上(不一定是有病了。)

※ 从此可以看出不加定冠词的时候一般有某种具体的含义。

定冠词the的习惯用语的简单总结:

the day after tomorrow 后天 the day before yesterday前天 the same as 与 ……相同 on the left(right) 在左边(右边) the other day 几天以前;前几天 by the way 顺便问一句

go to the cinema(theatre)去看电影(去剧院) in the day 在白天

in the morning 在早晨(上午) in the afternoon 在下午

in the evening 在晚上 in the end 最后,终于

all the year round 一年到头 at the end of… 在……的尽头 at the bottom of 在……的底部 at the top of 在……的顶部

in the distance 在远方 in the west of 在……的西部 on the way to… 在去……的路上 on the side of 在……的一边

上海初二年级暑假小班吕N老师

三.零冠词的用法

1.在人名,地名,节日,年份,月份,国名,称呼,职位前。如

Tom,Shanghai,Children’sDay,May,2009,China,Father,monitor...

2.在复数名词前。如:I like seeing films.

3.在三餐,球类,棋类,游戏,季节,星期,语言,学科前。

4.名词前有物主代词,指示代词,不定代词,名词所有格时。

Part 3综合训练及作业

( ) 1. Han Meimei is ___ Chinese girl. Lucy is ____ English girl.

A. a; a B. an; an C. a; an D. an; a

( )2.A little boy wrote____ "U" and___ "n" on the wall.

A. a; an B. an; a C. an; an D. a; a

( ) 3 _____ old lady in brown is____ university professor.

A. An; a B. An; / C. The; an D. The; a

( ) 4 There are sixty minutes in____ hour.

A. an B. the C. a D. /

( ) 5 This is ____ interesting book and it is also ____ useful one.

A. an; an B. an; the C. ah; a D. a; a

( ) 6 A computer is useful tool in 'o world today.

A. an; the B. a; the C. the; the D. a; a

( ) 7. We have never seen ____ interesting film.

A. such B. such an C. so D. such a

( ) 8. Mrs. Smith is ____ friend of __

A. the; mine B. a; me C. the; my D. a; mine

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新王牌教育 / 为进步提供动力

( ) 9. He is ___ boy.

A. a seven-years-old B. an eight-year-old C. the seven-year-old D. an eight-year-older

( ) 10. Father saw____ accident in the street yesterday.

A. the B. a C. an D. /

( ) 11.Now he is ___ artist. 1 have known him since he was ___ one-year-old boy.

A. a; an B. a; a C. an; an D. an; a

( ) 12. Which bigger ___ elephant or ___ horse?

A. a; the B. an; a C. the; an D. an; the

( ) 13. ____monkey can climb____ trees .

A. /; the B. A; / C. The; a D. /; /

( ) 14. ____ rains are faster than ____ buses.

A. /; / B. The; / C. /; the D. The; a

( ) 15. -Have you learned German? -Yes. It's ___ language I've ever learned.

A. a quite difficult B: quite a difficult C. difficult quite D. difficult a quite

( ) 16. Some animals, like ____ cat, ____ dog or ____ wolf, do not need to hibernate (冬眠).

A. /; /; the B. the; the; the C. a; /; the , D. the; /; /

( ) 17. Yesterday we held____ talk with them in the hall.

A. the B. this C. a D. an

( ) 18.My mother had___ fever, so I had to look after her.

A a B. the C, / D. this

( ) 19. Looking at, he took___ deep breath.

A. / B. a C. that D. its

( ) 20. I usually go out for ___ walk after____ tea;

A: a; / B. /; the C. a; a D. the; a

( ) 21.After that they had ____ sleep.

A. a night good B. a night's good C. a good night D. a good night's

( ) 22. It is____ since we ____last time.

A. long time; met B. a long time; meet C. a long time; met D. the long time; meet

( ) 2 3.There came ____ great noise. It frightened us.

A. the B. a C. / D. that

( ) 24.It is____ pleasure to work with these workers.

A. an B. / C. a D. this

( ) 25. After ____ quick breakfast I hurried to ____ school.

A. /; / B. a; / C. the; the D. the; /

( ) 26.This is____ egg . ____egg is big。

A. a; A B. an; An C. a; The D. an; The

( ) 27. There is___ 'W in___ word "map".

A. a; an B. an; a C. an; the D. a; the

( ) 28.Here is basket. ___ basket is mine.

A. a; The B. the; An. C. a; A D. the; A

( ) 29.There is____ bridge over there. ____ bridge is made of wood.

A. the; The B. a; A C. the; A D. a; The

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新王牌教育 / 为进步提供动力

( ) 30. He ordered ____ book some time ago and now ____ book has arrived.

A. a; a B. the; a C. the; the D. a; the

( )3 1. She saw____ English film last Sunday. But she can not remember. the name of ___ film.

A. an; a; a B. a; the; a C. an; the; a D. an; the; the

( ) 32 .There is___ old man under___ tree.

A. an; the B. the; a C. a; the D. an; /

( ) 3 3.-What was ___ yesterday? ;, -November 24.

A. date B. the date C. day D. the day

( )3 4 We shall visit your country in____ coming year.,

A. a B. the C. one D. that

( ) 35 Mother does most of ___ at home.

A. cleaning B. a clean C. the cleaning D. clean

( ) 36. -Whose room is that? -It's___.

A. the twins' B. of Lucy and Lily C. of the twins D. the twins

( ) 37.I'm busy____.

A. at the moment B. at that moment C. in a moment D. just a moment

( ) 38.____ book is very useful. I bought it from____ unknown little town.

A. A; a B. The; a C. A; an D. The; an

( ) 39.English is____ interesting subject for most of students.

A. the; an B. the; the C. an; / D. an; the

( ) 40.___ girl in ___ Grade Three is ___ tallest in our school.

A. The; the; the B. A; a; a C. The; /; the D. A; /; a

( ) 41 Mr. White lives on ___floor.

A. the fifteen B. fifteen C. the fifteenth D. fifteenth

( ) 42 A boy named Ding Wei kicked a goal early ____ of the match. A. in the one half B. in the first half C. for the first half D. for half one

( ) 43 He has tried twice, and the captain asks him to have ____ third try.

A. the B. a C. another D. other

( ) 44 China is one of ___ oldest countries in ___ world.

A. the; the B. the; / C. a; a D. an; the

( ) 45 Mary is ____ only girl who has been to American.

A. a B. the c. an D. /

( ) 46.We can see___ sun and___ moon in___ picture. A.. a; the; the B. the; a; the

C. a; the; a D. the; the; the

( ) 47.______moon moves around ____ earth, and they both are smaller than_____ sun.

A. The; an; a B. A; the; the C. /; /; / D. The; the; the

( ) 48. Paris is ___ capital of France.

A. a B. / C. one D. the

( ) 49. ____ Browns arrived there yesterday evening.

A. / B. A C. The D. An

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新王牌教育 / 为进步提供动力

( ) 50.Why not ask your father to draw____ map for you if you want to get to___ Alice's house easily?

A. a; an B. /; an C. the; a D. a; /

阅读部分:

Many people think that Americans their cars almost more than anything else. When cars. They don’t ask for a car from their So many of them work in time during their last year of high school to buy a car. Learning to and getting a driver’s license may be one of the most exciting things in a young person’s life.

Some people almost their cars to a garage as soon as they think there is a some people may most of their time washing and repairing their cars.

1. A. prefer

2. A. little

3. A. new B. love C. drive D. play B. big C. old D. young D. cheap B. own C. expensive

4. A, friends

5. A. free B. teachers C. parents D. brothers B. busy C. study D. good

6. A. make

7. A. always

8. A. take B. mend B. never

C. wash D. drive C. often D. usually C. pull D. lift C. mistake

D. use D. problem B. carry B. wrong 9. A. question 10. A. cost

B. get C. spend

7

新王牌教育 / 为进步提供动力

Who designed (设计) the first helicopter (直升飞机)? Who of the most famous pictures in the world? Who knew more about the human body than most questions --- Leonardo de Vinci (达芬奇).

Leonardo may have been the greatest genius (天才lived in Italy around the year 1500, but many of his inventions seem modern to us today. For example, one of his notebooks has drawings of a helicopter. Of course, he couldn’t _have worked. the time he was twenty years old, he was called a master ( 大师) painter, and as he got older he became more famous. Sometimes he drew a hand ten different Many of Leonardo’s wonderful paintings are still with _today. You may 1. A. took B. made C. painted D. invented

2. A. artists

3. A. to B. doctors C. painters B. of D. people D. from

D. people C. for 4. A. the scientists

5. A. draw

6. A. was just

7. A. less

8. A. before

9. A. him B. the artists C. the world B. paint C. work B. wasn’t just D. build D. was no longer C. wasn’t B. no C. even D. very B. after B. us C. because

C. them D. when D. you D. surprising 10. A. interesting B. crying

C. smiling

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新王牌教育 / 为进步提供动力

Successful films and TV programs_m___1_____large amounts of money,and so do the performers who appear in them .A few big shows can make a rock musician a millionaire i___2__a very short time. High art, _h__3_____ , has serious financial problems .It _c__4____ more to put on an opera concert, or ballet than the sale of ticket can bring in. Men and women _i____5___ in high art are always being asked to give money to make future performance possible.Small government subsidies(津贴)have also helped to _s____6____that arts in the last few years.

Do you have bright ideas? Ideas for inventions that change the world or, at least, make life

we all do sometimes, but we don’t often make the idea a real thing. Recently, there was a competition in a country, which encouraged young people to make their bright ideas come true. There were groups in

16. And there were eleven prize-winners altogether.

Neil Hunt, one of the prize-winners, was “Sunshine Superman” by one newspaper writing about his design. When people study the weather, it’s of sunshine we have and how strong it is. Most sunshine recorders record direct (直接的) sunshine. Neil’s is more accurate and this is very important for research into ways of using solar power. Neil plans to keep inventing.

that we are surprised that the industry (工业界) doesn’t ask more school children for suggestions.

9



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