大学英语六级考试作文布局常用八种句型(22500字)

发表于:2020.12.22来自:www.fanwen118.com字数:22500 手机看范文

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英语六级考试作文布局常用八种句型

原因

1.A number of factors are accountable for this situation.

A number of factors might contribute to (lead to )(account for ) the phenomenon(problem).

2. The answer to this problem involves many factors.

3. The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that...

4. The factors that contribute to this situation include...

5. The change in ...largely results from the fact that...

6. We may blame ...,but the real causes are...

7. Part of the explanations for it is that ...

One of the most common factors (causes ) is that ...

Another contributing factor (cause ) is ...

Perhaps the primary factor is that …

But the fundamental cause is that

二)比较

1.The advantage far outweigh the disadvantages.

2.The advantages of A are much greater than those of B.

3.A may be preferable to B, but A suffers from the disadvantages that...

4.It is reasonable to maintain that ...but it would be foolish to claim that...

5.For all the disadvantages, it has its compensating advantages.

6.Like anything else, it has its faults.

7.A and B has several points in common.

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8.A bears some resemblances to B.

9.However, the same is not applicable to B.

10. A and B differ in several ways.

11. Evidently, it has both negative and positive effects.

12. People used to think ..., but things are different now.

13. The same is true of B.

14. Wondering as A is ,it has its drawbacks.

15. It is true that A ... , but the chief faults (obvious defects )are ...

三)批驳

1)It is true that ..., but one vital point is being left out.

2) There is a grain of truth in these statements, but they ignore a more important fact.(From:)

3) Some people say ..., but it does not hold water.

4) Many of us have been under the illusion that...

5) A close examination would reveal how ridiculous the statement is.

6) It makes no sense to argue for ...

7) Too much stress placed on ... may lead to ...

8) Such a statement mainly rests on the assumption that ...

9) Contrary to what is widely accepted, I maintain that ...

四)后果

1. It may give rise to a host of problems.

2. The immediate result it produces is ...

3. It will exercise a profound influence upon...

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4. Its consequence can be so great that...

五)举例

1) A good case in point is ...

2) As an illustration, we may take ...

3) Such examples might be given easily.

4) ...is often cited as an example.

六)证明

1) No one can deny the fact that ...

2) The idea is hardly supported by facts.

3) Unfortunately, none of the available data shows ...

4) Recent studies indicate that ...

5) There is sufficient evidence to show that ...

6) According to statistics proved by ..., it can be seen that ...

七)开篇

1) Many nations have been faced with the problem of ...

2) Recently the problem has been brought into focus.

3) Recently the phenomenon has become a heated topic.

4) Recently the issue has aroused great concern among ...

5) Nowadays there is a growing concern over ...

6) Never in our history has the idea that ... been so popular.

7) Faced with ..., quite a few people argue that ...

8) According to a recent survey, ...

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9) With the rapid development of ..., ...

八)结尾

1) From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that ...

2) It is high time that strict measures were taken to stop ...

3) It is necessary that steps should be taken to ...

4) In conclusion, it is imperative that ...

5) There is no easy method, but ...might be of some help.

6) To solve the above-mentioned problem, we must ...

7) In summary, if we continue to ignore the above-mentioned issue, more problems will crop up.

8) With the efforts of all parts concerned, the problem will be solved thoroughly.

9) We might do more cause ; it is important to take actions to ...

10) Taking all these into account, we ...

11) Whether it is good or not /positive or negative, one thing is certain/clear...

Turn off Your Cellphone

20xx年6月大学英语六级考试作文专项训练题

1)手机给我们的生活带来了便利

2)但是手机铃声也会影响其他人

3)在某些场合请关掉你的手机。

Turn off Your Cell Phone

With the development of information techno1ogy and reduced price of communication products, the mobi1e phone has become a necessity for most people. Obviously, it shortens the distance between people and makes our life more convenient. Thanks to the cell phone, it’s easy for us to contact or be contacted by others anytime and anywhere. We will never miss any

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important meetings,great deals or admirable opportunities.

However,have you noticed sometimes the cell phone also brings embarrassment to us? It’s not rare to see someone pressing the cell phone to his ear and shouting 1oud1y in public as if there were no one else present. And I’m sure each one has had such an experience that the cell phone ring continuous1y on a formal occasion. Perhaps these people have many 1ife-and-death reasons to keep the phone working at all times, but it interrupts people around them who have to hear what they don’t care when they want to concentrate on what they’re doing.

So if you are one of them, please shut off your cell phone in public, especially on a quiet and serious occasion. It’s a respect for both others and yourself.

Why It Is Difficult ron College Students to Find Jobs? 大学生求职为何难?

1.描述现状;

2.分析原因;

3.给出办法。

[写作导航]先陈述现实,即虽然从理论上讲不应如此,但大学生找工作确实很难;第二段分析原因,一方面来自大学生自身,如有些人不能溶入社会,目标过高等,另一方面是所学专业过窄,难以找到合适的工作;第三段给出“我”的观点:大学生应了解自己的长处和短处,不要太看重物质利益,而是要着眼于长远发展,另外还要注意继续深造。

[范文]

More and more college students, in recent years, are finding it difficult to find jobs. This may sound strange since college students used to be the "most favored" people in society. They have received a higher education, hence they are more intelligent, knowledgeable than their counterparts who failed to attend college. But chances are that some of them can hardly find jobs after graduating from colleges.

There are two reasons that account for this strange phenomenon. One is that some college students cannot come to terms with themselves and with the world around them. They pursue too high goals and are too particular about such factors as working conditions, salary, and so on. Therefore, they are reluctant to accept the job when they are offered to them. Another reason is that the majors some students pursue do not match with the demands of the job market. As a result, they canonly sit and miss opportunities.

To solve this problem, I think college students should know their own strengths and weaknesses and have the right attitude towards themselves and the job vacancies. In addition, they should not attach too much importance to material aspects of the job. They should put priority to their future development and their contributions to society in stead. Furthermore,

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they should think of receiving some further training to meet the demands of society.

20xx年6月英语六级考试作文试题分析及写作技

第一节:六级作文试题分析

一. 六级作文试题分类

六级作文从试题角度可以分为现象解释型、对比选择型、问题解决型、观点论证型与应用文五种类型。

(一) 现象解释型

此类作文在六级考试作文中最为常见。命题主要要求考生对某一社会现象进行解释并加以评论,其基本结构是:首先说明现状;其次阐述这种现状产生或存在的原因;最后做出分析,提出建议或总结观点。例如:1.现象解释六级真题(20xx年6月)

(二) 对比选择型

此类作文同样是六级考试中常见的类型,它的标志十分明显。作文题目要求较明确,富有针对性,即直接要求考试比较两种观点或做法,进而表明自己对问题或事务的态度或观点,也就是做出选择。例如:(20xx年6月,19xx年6月)

(三) 问题解决型

此类作文要求考生从提示性文字或图表、图画入手,解释提示性文字、图表、图画反映出的问题,提出问题的危害性或解决这一问题的紧迫性;然后对问题展开分析,提出解决问题的方案或应对措施;最后一段要求考生表明自己的态度、做法等。如20xx年1月真题。

(四) 观点论证型

此类作文往往要求考生根据题目给出论点,按照提纲的结构要求对其下论证,然后表明自己的立场和看法。通过摆事实、讲道理的方式剖析事物,论述事理,发表意见,确立或否认某一主张。如:19xx年1月六级真题。

(五) 应用文

应用文中的信函,也是六级作文设计的试题之一。在这类题型中,考生会读到一个特定的场景,试题要求考生按照这个场景给相关人士写一封短信,并在信中明确表达自己写信的原因、动机、目的和愿望等。文章所设及的内容多种多样,但大部分都与日常生活比较贴近。书信的类型可能变化万千,如邀请信、申请信、感谢信、道歉信等,但是万变不离其宗,只要掌握了英语书信的格式,并应用恰当的句式和语句,就一定能够写出好的文章来。

二. 解决方案

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1. 建议考生分解作文观点,扩充内容。

2. 建议考生在写作时只选择自己能够驾奴的句式和词语。

3. 建议考生在文章中长短句搭配使用,用短句表达观点,长句推理分析。

4. 建议考生选用作文模板,限定文章逻辑结构。

5. 建议考生采用固定的句式,限定文章的字数。

第二节:写作技巧及作文结构安排

一. 写作技巧。

1. 根据文章大意判断作文题型。

2. 各种题型的写作方法。

现象解释型:基本方法为:描述现象→分析原因→对现象做出预测或如何促进(限制)这种现象的进一步发展。

对比选择型:基本方法为:阐述一种观点或态度并表明这种观点或态度正确的理由;阐述第二种(相对或相反的)观点或态度并说明这种观点或态度正确的理由;表明个人支持或反对以上观点或态度,并说明原因。

问题解决型:基本方法为:提出问题→分析问题→解决问题。

观点论证型:基本方法为:分析主题→得出结论→举例论证→得出结论(证明观点的正确性)。

应用文基本方法为:分析所给情景→选择写作方法。

3. 三段式作文的结构安排

英语六级考试写作冲刺训练题(一)

How to improve student's mental health

1、 大学生的心理健康十分重要

2、 因此,学校可以......

3、 我们自己应当......

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题目分析:

学生的心理健康是近年来被热议的话题之一,属于经典的问题解决型,故不外乎采用举例子,作比较,分类别,列数字,打比方等方式讨论。

参考范文:

Students' mental health has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. Indeed, it is widely accepted that it has gained growing popularity among persons in all walks of life. There is a general discussion today about the issue of disorder in brains.

Obviously, it is necessary that effective actions should be taken to prevent problems. Authorities in universities play a critical role in the situation. To begin with, schools, such as colleges or universities, can provide chances for the young men to ease their attention. What's more, some are physically strong, but psychological problems are able to bring potential threats. Teaches may have a chance to find them in advance. Besides, specialists in this field are to be required to make full preparation for cases in time. Facing the crisis, experts can deal with it in a professional way, which means they have more or better opportunities to save us than others. (学校)

From the factors mentioned above, we may safely draw the conclusion that we can free ourselves from mental illness by taking certain precautions. For example, if you have pains or puzzles in mind, finding a friend to express these is a good way to release pressure. Certainly, there is little doubt that further attention will be paid to the issue.(我们)

总结:

potential threats 潜在威胁

ease 减轻,舒缓

psychological problems 心理问题

precaution 预防措施

release pressure 释放压力

play an important/critical role in sth

it is widely accepted that ……

To begin with, What's more, Besides,

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From the factors mentioned above draw the conclusion that 等等均为经典模板句式!

大学英语四六级评分标准:

33分--条理不清、思路紊乱,语言支离破碎或大部分句子均有错误,且多数为严重错误。

39分--基本切题。表达思想不清楚连贯性差。有较多严重的语言错误。

45分--基本切题。有些地方表达思想不够清楚,文字勉强连贯;语言错误相当多,其中有一些是严重错误。

57分--切题。表达思想清楚,文字连贯,但有少量语言错误。

67分--切题。表达思想清楚,文字通顺。连贯性较好,基本上无语言错误,仅有个别小错。

文字不足酌情扣分:100-119扣1分;90-99扣3分;80-89扣4分;70-79扣5分;60-69扣6分;50-59扣7分;不足50扣9分。

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes t owrite a short essay entitle My View on Plastic Surgery. You should write at least 150 words according to the outline given below in Chinese.

1 越来越多的人接受整容手术

2 我的看法及理由

3 结论

题目分析:

观点论证型作文要求对某一问题发表自己的看法。通常要在首段提出话题,以及关于此话题不同的反应,并表明自己的观点,接下来要在主题段落里论述理由,最后在结尾重申一下自己的观点。

参考范文:

My View on Plastic Surgery

In recent years, more and more people, especially some young girls choose to take plastic surgeries. Some people argue that this kind of surgery can improve one's appearance, thus secure a good job. Others hold a different opinion, they consider plastic surgery as a waste of money. Personally, I agree with the latter.

Firstly, beauty is only skin-deep, as the saying goes, virtue is more important than

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appearance. Plastic surgery cannot improve one's character. Who do you think is more popular, an ordinary girl with charming personality, or a beautiful girl with arrogant manner? Secondly, success relies on one's abilities but not appearance. Some people, especially young girls dream to find a good job after taking plastic surgery. For example, it takes one at least 30,000 Yuan to have double eyelid. Fourthly, people have to bear the risks of an unsuccessful surgery which will be a lifelong pain.

All in all, it is not advisable for people to take plastic surgeries. We can get what we want by improving our inner qualities, such as our personality and ability, and there is no need to endure the pains and economic loss of a plastic surgery.

好词佳句总结:

Beauty is only skin-deep, as the saying goes

就像俗语所说的那样,外在美不过是表面现象

bear the risks 承担风险

competent and well-trained people 有真才实学的人

arrogant 傲慢的,自大的

must 作名词使用

e.g.His new novel is a must for all lovers of crime fiction

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes t owrite a short essay entitle Earth Hour . You should write at least 150 words according to the outline given below in Chinese.

1 地球一小时始于澳大利亚,并迅速席卷全球。活动旨在倡议个人、社区、企业和政府在特定的时间熄灯一小时,来表明他们对应对气候变化行动的支持。

2 地球一小时带来的变化。

3 你的观点

题目分析:

话说今晚偶们学校基本还是灯火通明??这次作文与时俱进,选材于最新最热的一个话题:Earth Hour

但不管话题再怎么变,基本套路还是不变的

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参考范文:

Earth Hour

Earth Hour started in Australia with millions of homes and businesses turning their lights off for one hour. Now it has grown to become one of the world’s biggest climate change initiatives. People are all joining together in a global effort to show that it’s possible to take action on global warming.

Earth Hour has brought about some new changes to our lives. The iconic "Bird's Nest" National Stadium and the nearby "Water Cube" National Aquatics Center, usually illuminated by floodlights, went dark at 8:30 p.m., while dozens of hotels, office buildings, shopping malls and restaurants also switched some lights off. People join activities such as candle-lit dinners and star-gazing parties as a response to the call for "going dark". However, some critics have dismissed the event as simply a gimmick that will not make any difference.

From my point of view, Earth Hour is a global call to action to every individual, every business and every community. A call to stand up, to take responsibility and to get involved in working towards a sustainable future. Earth Hour is a message of hope and a message of action. Everyone can make a difference.

好词佳句总结:

initiative 主动的行动, 倡议

global warming全球变暖,人尽皆知的一个词,

iconic 标志性的

"Bird's Nest" National Stadium 鸟巢 国家体育场

"Water Cube" National Aquatics Center 水立方 国家游泳中心 (两个现代化标志性建筑)

illuminate 照亮

floodlight 泛光灯

switch off 关灯,关电视之类

candle-lit dinners 烛光晚餐 看来也可以给自己一个浪漫的理由

star-gazing parties观星派对,据说悉尼关灯后看到的星星多了好几倍呢!

gimmick花招, 诡计, 骗人的玩意儿 (很好表达出一些专家的不屑)

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sustainable future 可持续的,美好的未来

get involved in doing sth 参与到做某事中

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitle Population Burden . You should write at least 150 words according to the outline given below in Chinese.

1.人口老龄化问题正困扰着中国。

2.人口老龄化带来的问题。

3.应采取怎样的措施,谈谈自己的观点。

题目分析:

在世界人口走向老龄化和发达国家人口老龄化发展的同时,中国人口老龄化也在加剧。人口老龄化的产生,正是社会进步、经济发展的结果。

参考范文:

Population Burden

Many countries will experience aging populations in the next century because of declining birth and mortality rates. China will soon join their ranks.

As for the issue of aging, its situation has been growing increasingly severe in spite of the fact most people are still ignorant of the problems it brings about. Firstly, with families becoming smaller and living pace escalating, it is even graver for families to care for aged members adequately. Secondly, aging causes a relative decline in working force in that fewer people have to support the increasing aged people. Consequently, the productivity of the whole society is affected to some extent. Thirdly and most importantly, the aging of population in China resulted from the successful implementation of family planning has not been synchronized with national economic progress.

The rapidity of the population's aging has made it more urgent for the adoption of countermeasures. No doubt they key is to build a solid economic foundation. Meanwhile, importance shall be attached to overall social progress by changing the backward situation in social security, welfare and service. What's more, family care and community services shall also be encouraged.

好词佳句总结:

aging population 老年人口

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birth rate 出生率

mortality rate 死亡率

ignorant of 不知道 不懂

graver 更严重的

This heavy rain could have grave consequences.

这场大雨会造成严重后果。

adequately 充分地

productivity 生产力

implementation 执行

family planning 计划生育

rapidity 速度 在这用rapidity比speed 好~

countermeasure 对策

solid economic foundation 稳固的经济基础

Population old age人口老龄化

Population burden人口负担

Old age social security老年社会保障

Sustainable development可持续发展

范文:大学生忙考证的利弊

For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes t owrite a short essay entitle On Qualification-obtaining Fever . You should write at least 150 words according to the outline given below in Chinese.

1 校园“考证族”的队伍不断壮大,很多学生忙于考区各种资格证书

2 大学生忙考证的利弊

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3 你的观点

题目分析:

本文围绕大学生忙于考取各种证书的情况展开论述。此类作文通常要在第一段指出这种现象,并进行简要描述;接下来详细论述这种现象的利弊或产生的原因;最后表明自己的观点。

参考范文:

On Qualification-obtaining Fever

Currently, there is a long-lasting fever of obtaining a variety of qualifications among college students, including vocational qualifications and skills certificates. Many students spend their weekends and vocation in preparing for tests on English, Law and Computer Science. Even after their graduation, some of them are still having full enthusiasm on it.

No doubt qualifications have attractions of their own. They are evidences to confirm students’ abilities. Work-related or competence-based qualifications may even help students find a satisfactory job, so students hold the opinion that they are obtaining not credentials but opportunities for their future.

However, as it is known to all that each coin has its two sides, obtaining qualifications also brings negative influences in spite of its advantages. First, some vocational qualifications are obtained at the expense of the basic discipline study or major learning. Second, it will take 300 to 500 Yuan to go in for a certain certificate, leading to great financial burden. Third, better jobs do not always necessarily follow more qualifications.

From my point of view, what matters most is relevant experience or skill, not the number of credentials you have obtained.

[NextPage好词佳句]

好词佳句总结:

fever 狂热 可用指某种现象

vocational qualification 职业证照

work-related 与工作有关

credentials 学历资历等的资格

at the expense of以??为牺牲

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注意下范文最后一句,使用该句式又稳妥,又能拿个不错的分数。

From my point of view, what matters most is… not…

Relationship Between Major and Future Job

1 现在很多人工作的具体内容和其在大学所学的专业知识相关性并不大。

2 出现这种现象的原因。

3 我的看法

题目分析:

被迫学习自己不喜欢的专业绝对是种痛苦,Chance对此略有体会。写作可先从所学专业和未来工作之间关系开始讨论,接着罗列出现该现象的原因,如盲目报考热门专业,未真正找到自身兴趣所在等等。最后,给出自己观点,本文最好采用正面观点:尽管专业不对口,自己也要适应。

参考范文:

Relationship Between Major and Future Job

It’s a striking fact that there isn’t necessary relationship between one’s major and specific job duties for majority of people. Many people condemn this on outdated education system an some even complain that textbooks are useless.

This phenomenon exists for a number of reasons. First of all , it’s a common sense that there always exists a gap between theory and practice. This gap needs to be bridged by continuous exploration of similarities and differences between these two factors and accordingly corresponding modification. Secondly, due to the rapid development of technology, the knowledge from textbooks becomes behind the times soon . And it will lead to the disassociation between what one acquired in college education and what he does at work.

From my point of view, when faced with the disassociation, one should adapt himself to working environment as soon as possible by adjusting his own information system. What’s more important, life-long learning is essential to one’s career success. Even after one reached the required levels from college education curriculum, pursuit of knowledge should never be ceased. Last but not the least, we should bear this firmly in mind that one’s ability is valued much more than one’s academic degree.

好词佳句总结:

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It’s a striking fact that?? 开篇点题~

disassociation 分离,指专业与工作不匹配而出现的情况。文中讨论会多次用到。

a gap between theory and practice 理论与实践,其中一个有力观点

This phenomenon exists for a number of reasons, first of all, secondly, thirdly, last but not least.

Will Tourism Bring Harm to the Environment

You are to write in three parts.

In the first part, state specifically what your opinion is.

In the second part, provide one or two reasons to support your opinion,

In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or make a summary,

Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness. Failure to follw the instructions may result may result in a loss of marks.

参考范文:

In recent years, tourism has developed rapidly in China. Many people believe that tourism produce positive effects on economic growth and we should try our best to promote tourism. But what these people fail to see is that tourism may bring about a disastrous impact on our environment. As for me, I'm firmly convinced that too much tourists bring harm to the environment.

The bad impact of tourism on the environment has mainly expressed itself in various ways. One way is the process of exploiting a new scenic spot. In order to attract tourists, a lot of artificial facilities have been built, which have certain unfavorable effects on the environment. This process usually breaks the ecological balance of the area. In some mountainous places, trees are being cut down to build hotels for others to see and explore the beauty of the mountains. Then land slides and mud-rock flows come up. Another way the development of tourism has damaged the environment occurs when tourists go to scenic spots. Some tourists don't have the awareness to protect the environment, and ignorantly throw their garbage here and there. Some people even kill the local wildlife to eat, which badly damages the balance of the natural environment.

It is wrong to sacrifice the environment for the growth of tourism. We must keep in mind that too much tourists bring harm to the environment. We need to find a balance between satisfying the needs of tourists and reducing to a minimum the pollution they cause.

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好词佳句总结:

bring about造成, 引起〔导致〕(某事)

e.g. Gambling had brought about his ruin.赌博终于毁了他。

a disastrous impact灾难性影响

firmly convinced that深信不疑

Exploit scenic spots 开发风景区

artificial facility 人造设施

unfavorable effect 不利影响

break the ecological balance 破坏生态平衡

land slide 滑坡,土崩

mud-rock flows 泥石流

ignorantly 无知地

throw garbage here and there 乱丢垃圾

It is wrong to sacrifice the environment for the growth of tourism.

为旅游增长而牺牲环境是错误的。最后一段阐明观点。

We need to find a balance between satisfying the needs of tourists and reducing to a minimum the pollution they cause.



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