湖北高考英语话题作文(21700字)

发表于:2020.11.23来自:www.fanwen118.com字数:21700 手机看范文

第五模块 短文写作

【考纲解读】

短文写作是一个高度综合性的题目,旨在考查考生的英语表达能力,看考生是否能够运用所学的英语知识和掌握的技能进行思想交流。该题要求考生根据提示语要求,应用所学知识将所提示的信息组成行文连贯、文理畅通、语言得体的文章。它不但要求考生有丰富的语言语法知识,而且要有较强的语言表达能力和逻辑思维能力,是一种复合型的题型。 ? 【命题透视】

? 分析湖北高考短文写作,不难发现如下特点:

? 湖北卷“短文写作”一改以往命题给出具体内容要点的做法,要求考生根据英文提示,结合生活中的一个事例,根据所给的英语提示,写一篇话题作文。这种“开放式”的论述文的命题形式给考生很大的自由发挥空间,对写作的布局谋篇提出了较高要求,要求考生既要会发表观点认识,又要会进行描写叙述。这种写作命题有利于立体考查学生的语言知识、创新思维能力和价值观,具有较强的选拔功能;同时,也有助于引领高中教师在新课改的教学中认真落实“知识与能力、过程与方法、情感态度与价值观”的三维目标。

针对湖北短文写作的命题特点,在具体写作时要注意以下几点:

一、 读“提示语”,锁定写作“话题”

湖北高考的英文提示语其实是让学生在英文语境中选择一个恰如其分的话题,所以读懂提示语,选择合适的话题是写作的关键。近年来,话题的写作始终围绕中学生的健康成长、社会人生观、价值观等方面进行,写作时要做到“观点”和“事例”的统一性、互衬性。

二、 拟定提纲,按照规律行文写作

湖北高考英语短文写作多采用三段式结构,即引言(introduction)——主体(body)——结尾(conclusion)。引言部分通常给出,让学生在限定的范围内组织要点,完成主体部分和结尾部分。写作时要遵循以下规律:

1.开头部分

开头部分必须点题,用 2-3个句子完成,其中要有一个漂亮的过渡句。

2.主体部分

主体部分其实是让学生用言简意赅的语言叙述一个结构完整、思想意义饱满的事例。注意所讲的事例一定要能突出话题的中心,可用8—10个句子完成。

3.结尾部分

结尾部分要用概括性的语言来总结全文主题,得出结论,回归话题。其实,该部分就是在叙事的基础上加以评论,是记叙文写作中的“小抒情”。

真题典例

(20xx年湖北高考作文)请你根据以下提示,结合生活中的一个实例,用英语写篇短文。 We all know that “sticks and stones may break our bones”, but we should also be aware that words can hurt people, too.

注意:①无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语;

②除诗歌外,文体不限;

③文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称;

④词数为120左右。

Sometimes, bad words are to us what knives are to our body. I learned this from one of my One I was playing volleyball with in my PE I missed 1

best friend Peter called me “fool”’s apology and he did have a strong sense of cooperation and From this words really have a bad influence on

(一)

[2012·湖北卷]

请根据以下提示,并结合事例,用英语写一篇短文,谈谈昨天,今天及明天。 You cannot choose what you are given, but you can choose how you make use of it.

注意: ①无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语;②除诗歌外,文体不限;③文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称;④词数为120左右。

【思路点拨】本篇作文属于夹叙夹议的半开放式作文,要求考生结合生活中的事例来诠释“我们不能选择我们被给予的东西,但我们能选择如何利用好给予我们的东西”。考生在写作过程中一定要结合生活中的事例(事例的篇幅应该占大部分)进行总结和提炼,起到点睛作用。注意生活事例列举部分应该用一般过去时,而最后的总结部分应该用一般现在时。以2~3段为宜。写作过程中应适当注意素材及词语的选择,注意对生活感知能力的挖掘。 One possible version:

Three years ago I failed an important exam in my life and became a student in an ordinary school. Disappointed as I felt at the shabby campus and the poorlyequipped classroom, I found the teachers patient and considerate. Besides, I enjoyed the friendly atmosphere in class. I decided to make the best of it. I worked hard and got along well with my teachers and classmates. Whenever I had difficulties, they were always available. Soon, I became one of the top students in my class, which greatly increased my confidence and got me motivated.

My experience tells me that it is not what you are given but how you make use of it that determines who you are.

(二)

[2011·湖北卷]

请根据以下提示,结合你校园生活中的一个事例,就与人合作这一话题,用英语写一篇短文。

Working in groups at school is an opportunity to learn more about teamwork. Teamwork shows us how other people's roles fit the purpose of the group, and it teaches us to be patient and how to respond to different people.

注意:①无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语;②除诗歌外,文体不限;③内容必须结合校园生活中的一个事例;④文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称;

One possible version:

Years of school life has taught me a lot of things, of which teamwork is the most important for me.

In fact, I didn't realize its importance until I was chosen monitor of my class in my senior middle school. At first, I did most of the duties myself while other students care little about class activities. As a result, I was tired out and depressed. Then I turned to my teacher and he advised 2

me to cooperate with others. Thus I began to recognize the strengths of my classmates and have everyone do their part in class.

It is working in teams instead of on my own that has freed me of trouble and made my work more efficiently.

(三)

[2010·湖北卷]

请你根据以下提示,结合生活中的一个事例,用英语写一篇短文,谈谈微笑的作用。 The best example of universally understood body language may be the smile. A smile can help us get through difficult situation and find friends in a world of strangers. A smile can open doors and tear down walls.

注意:①无须写标题;

②内容只需涉及一个方面;

③词数为100左右。

One possible version:

No body language can be more attractive/ fascinating than smiling. Not only can a beautiful smile make ourselves happy, but also it enables others to feel delighted. Sometimes a smile is so powerful that it gives people suffering from disasters great courage.

A little boy named Lang Zheng, for instance, impressed and encouraged a great many people when a serious earthquake happened in Wen Chuan. Right after he was rescued by the soldiers from the ruins, he saluted and smiled to them. His smile was like sunshine which warmed people who were in sadness.

It is safe/ no exaggeration to say that without smile our life would be colorless and difficult. It is suggested that we smile as much as possible.

新题预测

请根据以下提示,用英语写一篇短文,谈谈昨天、今天及明天。

Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery, but today is a gift.That is why it is called the present.

注意:①无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语;

②除诗歌外,文体不限;

③文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称;

④词数为120左右。

? One possible version:

? All the past things become history, which cannot be changed. However, in daily life,

people always say that if they did this or that, they would be better off now. Does this make any sense? No. It's widely acknowledged that you cannot change the past whatever you do. Then why should we have regrets for what happened in the past? Similarly, we should not attach too much importance to the future, for it is really something uncertain unless you make it come true.

Therefore, the present, which is what we are sure about, is very important, because

by making full use of it we can find a way to success. Please seize the hour, seize the day and treasure every moment that you have!

(一)

请根据以下提示,结合你生活中的一个事例用英语写一篇短文。

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Many students may have had the experience of cheating in exams, which not only results in an unfair competition but also has a bad effect on the habit of study, ruining the creativity and self-confidence of those students.

注意:①无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语;

②除诗歌外,文体不限;

? ③内容必须结合生活中的一个事例;

? ④文中不得透露个人姓名及班级名称;

? ⑤词数为120左右。

? One possible version:

? Cheating in exams seems to be inevitable even though we all know it is dishonest.

When having difficulty passing exams, those who don't study hard or grasp what they have learnt tend to cheat in order to get high grades.

? One of my classmates is just such a guy. When faced with exams, he tried to use different

ways to cheat like passing small pieces of paper with answers, referring to his books or copying others' answers. As a result, he did get a better grade which was beyond his own ability. Gradually, he became increasingly dependent on others' answers rather than think for himself. What's more, he became less and less confident of dealing with difficult problems.

? It's obvious that cheating does harm to us. We should be honest and try to get good

results by studying hard.

? (二)

? 请根据以下提示,用英语写一篇短文。

? A man is not old as long as he is seeking something. A man is not old until regrets

take the place of dreams. (by J. Barrymore)

? 注意:①无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语;

? ②除诗歌之外,文体不限;

? ③文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称;

? ④词数为120左右。

? One possible version:

? Hopes and dreams are important in daily life. HOPE means “Hold On, Pain Ends”. I

think young people should have dreams and hopes, but they should never have regrets. ? I had a dream when I was a little girl. I wanted to learn the piano, because I thought girls

who could play the piano were elegant and beautiful. However, my mother told me that my fingers were too short to play the piano. So my dream could only be a dream in my head.

? Years later, I walked past a piano shop that offered piano lessons. Suddenly I realized I

still wanted to learn the piano. I told myself I shouldn't have any regrets. Then I made my dream come true.

? My experience tells me that hopes and dreams are the inspiration that makes me

move forward all the time.

? (三)

? 一个好的学生应该具有许多优秀品质(如下图所示),你认为哪个或哪两个是最

重要的呢?为什么?请分析原因,并结合自己的生活实际,写下你的感悟。

? 要求:①词数:120左右;

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? ②文中不得出现真实的学生姓名。 注意:①文章连贯,条理清楚,详略得当; ②结合实际,写出真情实感。 One possible version: Being passionate, honest and hardworking, a good student is always listening and learning. Personally speaking, I strongly believe that honesty is the most important among dozens of good qualities. There is a proverb that goes “Honesty is the best policy”, and it seems as true as it was when first coined. The most important element in human relationships, whether business or personal, is trust. Here is one of my secrets. I once lied to my parents because of my poor scores. Although having known the real fact from teachers, they praised and encouraged me, showing their deep love. Later days, my conscience swallowed me, growing as I told lie after lie in an effort to conceal my original deceit. I gave it up, and chose to be frank. Wow! It is better to stick to the truth! From then on, I have kept the following in my minds: If it is not true, don't say it. If it is not right, don't do it. Honesty is not only the best policy, but also a principle, which is absolutely essential for the good and happy living of life. (四) 众所周知,一个人的成长过程是较为复杂的,其个性的形成和发展受诸多因素的影响,比如: 家庭、学校、社会、朋友、书籍、名人等。假如《二十一世纪英文报》向你约稿,了解至今哪些因素对你的成长影响最大。请你以Tracking My Growth为题,按以下要求写篇英语短文: 1. 选择并陈述对你的成长起着很大影响的家庭、学校、社会、朋友、书籍、名人等诸多因素中的两个或三个; 2. 谈谈你的看法和理由。 注意:词数120左右,文章的标题已给出(不计入总词数)。 One possible version: Tracking My Growth As is known to all, one's character is shaped by many factors. As for me, what has influenced me most in my growth are my family and friends. I used to be a selfish boy who wasn't willing to share my toys with others. My parents told me I would have no friends if I didn't learn to share. Every time they brought home a toy, they wouldn't give it to me unless I promised to share it with my friends. When the terrible earthquake struck Wenchuan, my parents donated a large sum of money and some clothes to the people there. Influenced by them, I became a caring boy, too. I was weak in math in the past. Fortunately my friend Xiao Jun came to my aid.

Every weekend, he would come to my house and help me with my math. Thanks to his help, I finally caught up with other students. Now I also do whatever I can to help others just like Xiao Jun.

快速提高作文水平

背诵下列语句

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常用文章开头的句型:

1.It is wellknown that....众所周知,??

2.There is no doubt that....毫无疑问,??

3.Some people claim that....有人认为??

4.It is generally believed that....普遍认为??

5.It is widely accepted that....普遍认为??

6.Currently there is a widespread concern over...现在,人们普遍关注的问题是??

7.With the rapidly growing popularity of..., the quality of our lives has been considerably changed.随着??的快速普及,我们的生活质量已经发生了极大变化。

8.With the development of..., an increasing number of people come to realize that...随着……的发展,越来越多的人意识到……。

9.Now people in growing numbers are coming to realize that...正在越来越多的人逐渐意识到……。

10.Some people think that.... To be frank, I can not agree with their opinion for the reasons below. 有人认为……,坦率地说,我不同意他们的观点,理由如下。

11.For years, ... has been seen as ..., but things are quite different now.多年以来,……一直被看着是……,但现在情况大不一样了。

12.Last week, we made/conducted/carried out a survey about...上周,我们做了一项关于……的调查。

13.Recently we have had a discussion over...最近我们讨论了??这个问题。

14.According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking.依照最近的一项调查,每年有4 000 000人死于与吸烟有关的疾病。

15.The latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework.最近的调查显示相当多的孩子对家庭作业没什么好感。 常用于文章正文的句型:

1.People’s views on...vary from person to person.人们对……的观点因人而异。

2.As a popular saying goes, “Every coin has two sides.”常言道,“事物都是一分为二的。”

3.As a proverb says, “No pains, no gains”.俗话说,“不劳则无获。”

4.Contrary to the popular thought, I prefer....与普遍的想法正相反,我更喜欢……。

5.I cannot entirely agree with the idea that .... I believe….我不完全行赞同这样的一个观点……,我认为……。

6.There is no denying the fact that...不可否认,……。

7.Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the argument of both sides.在提出我自己的观点之前,我们有必要了解正反双方争论的焦点。

8.It is high time that we placed great emphasis on the improvement of...到了改进……的时候了。

9.It is high time that we put an end to...到了结束……的时候了。

10.There is no easy solution to the problem of..., but...might be useful.对……这一问题,没有轻松解决的办法,但……或许有所益处。

11.It is essential that effective measures should be taken to prevent the situation.有必要采取有效措施来阻止形势进一步恶化。

12.It is suggested that great efforts should be made to control the growth of...建议尽力控制出……的增长。

13.It is hoped that great efforts should be focused on...人们希望在……方面做出努力。 6

常用于文章结尾的句型:

1.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that....根据上述讨论,我们可以得出结论,……。

2.Taking into account all the factors, we may safely come to the conclusion that....考虑到各个因素,我们可以得出结论,……。

3.Judging from all the evidence offered, we may safely arrive at/reach the conclusion that....根据所提供的证据来判断,我们可得出结论,……。

4.All the evidence supports a sound conclusion that....所有证据都支持这样一个结论,……。

5.To sum up, we find that....总之,我们认为……。

6.In short/brief/conclusion/a word, ....简言之,……。 表达个人观点的句型:

1.As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent.就我个人而言,我赞同第二个观点。

2.As far as I am concerned, I am really/completely in favor of the policy.就我个人而言,我完全支持这项政策。

3.In my opinion/view, we should....我认为我们应该……。

4.As for me, I....至于我,我……。

5.From my point of view, ....我认为……。

6.Personally, I think....我个人认为……。

7.My view is that....我的观点是……。

8.I hold a negative/positive view of....我对……持反对/肯定态度。

9.Contrary to generally accepted views, I argue that...与普遍的观点相反,我认为……。

10.It would be natural to think that..., but it would be absurd to claim that...人们很自然地认为,……,但据此就以为……却是很愚蠢的。

11.At first thought, it may seem an attractive idea, but on second thought, we find that...乍一看,这个观点很有吸引力,但再一想,我们发现……。 图表作文常用句型:

1.The table/diagram/graph shows/describes/reflects that....该图表表明/描述/反映了……。

2.As is shown in the chart, ...has been on the increase/decrease.此图表表明,……一直在增加/减少。

3.According to the figures given by the graph, the number of...has been rising steadily.从图表给出的数据看,……的数量在稳步增长。

4.The data/figures lead us to the conclusion that....这些数据可以让我们得出这样的结论,……。

5.As is shown/exhibited in the diagram/graph/table,....正如图表中所展现的那样,……。

6.It is clear/apparent from the table/diagram/figures that....该图表清楚地表明,……。

7.A, which accounts for...%, ranks the first; next in line is B with...%, followed by C, making up...%; finally D, E, F at...%,...% and...% respectively.A占了……%,位居第一,第二位是B,占……%,接下来是C,占……%,最后是D、E、F,分别占……%……%……%。 翻译下列句子

1.不用说早睡早起是值得的。It goes without saying that it pays to keep early hours.

2.我深信预防胜于治疗。I am greatly convinced that prevention is better than cure.

3.在各种运动中,我尤其喜欢慢跑。

Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular.

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4.时间最珍贵是很容易证明的。

It can be easily proved that nothing is more precious than time.

5.就我所知,下列方法对我帮助很大。

As far as my knowledge is concerned, the following ways are of great help to me.

6.毫无疑问,近视在我国的年轻人中是一个严重的问题。

There is no doubt that nearsightedness is a serious problem among the youth of our country.

7.根据我个人经验,微笑已带给我许多好处。

According to my personal experience, smile has done me a lot of good.

8.在我的求学过程中,我忘不了学习英文所遇到的大困难。

In the course of my schooling. I will never forget the great difficulty I encountered in learning English.

9.随着台湾经济的快速发展,许多社会问题产生了。

With the rapid development of Taiwan’s economy, a lot of social problems have come out.

10.在这信息的年代,计算机扮演非常重要的角色。

In this age of information and communication, the computer plays an extremely important role.

11.世上没有什么比到快餐店吃汉堡更令我高兴的。

Nothing in the world can delight me so much as having hamburgers in fastfood restaurants.

12.我们保持公共场所清洁是应当的。

It is proper that we (should) keep the public places clean.

13.每当我想到我家附近那一条清澈的小溪,我就忍不住感到悲伤。

Whenever I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot but feel sad.

14.一般相信阅读增加我们的知识、扩大我们的心胸。

It is believed (that) reading increases our knowledge and broadens our mind.

15.青少年犯罪的主要理由是社会环境日益败坏。

The main reason why the juveniles commit crimes is that social environment is becoming worse.

16.俗话说得好:诚实为上策。

As an old saying goes, “Honesty is the best policy.”

17.人们学外语有三个理由。People learn a foreign language for three major reasons.

18.为了维护健康,我们每天至少可做三件事。

To keep healthy, there are at least three things we can do every day。

19.我们生活需要有规律。也就是说,早睡早起,戒除烟酒。

We need to live a regular life. That is, we can keep good hours and refrain from smoking and drinking in the daily activities.

20.基于这个理由,我已决定把行医作为未来的职业。

For this reason, I have decided to take practicing medicine as my future career.

21.事实上,健康才是最重要的。

As a matter of fact, it is health that counts.

22.此外,我们不应忽视每个人都想要一个温馨祥和的社会。

In addition, we should not neglect that everyone wants a friendly and peaceful society.

23.相反,少数学生似乎还在鬼混。

On the contrary, a few students, it seems, are still fooling around.

24.政府应严格执法,另一方面,大众也应该培养减少污染的好习惯。

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The government should enforce laws strictly. On the other hand, the public also should

develop the good habit of reducing pollution.

25.换言之,我会尽最大的努力完成我的目标。

To put it differently, I will try my best to attain (gain, live up to) my goal.

26.从此之后,我已发现微笑是日常生活中避免冲突的最好办法。

Ever since then, I have found smile is the best way to avoid any possible conflicts in our daily

lives.

27.更严重的是,我们不珍惜野生动物。

What is more serious is that we do not cherish the wildlife.

28.做这些简单之事,我们一定可以快乐出门平安回家。

By doing these simple things, we surely can go out of the door happily and come back home

safe every day.

29.唯有通力合作,我们才能期望台湾不久有新的面貌。

Only with combined efforts can we expect Taiwan to take a new face in due course.

30.最后,但并非最不重要,教育上的缺失是助长青少年犯罪的原因。

Last but no least, the shortcoming in education is the cause contributing to juvenile

delinquency.

31.总而言之,好国民应该遵守交通规则。

In conclusion, a good citizen should abide by traffic regulations.

32.因此,我们能下个结论,那就是世上自由最珍贵。

We can, therefore, come to the conclusion that nothing is so precious as freedom in the

world.

33.如果我们能做到如上所述,毫无疑问,我们就能精通英语。

If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt that we can master English.

34.根据一项调查,中国学生半数以上患有近视,位居世界第一。

According to a survey, more than half of Chinese school children are shortsighted, ranking

first in the world.

35.中国在世界上人口最多,占到了20%,其次是印度,占到17%。

China has the largest population of the world, which accounts for about 20%, followed by

India, making up about 17%.

记住下列模板

模板1:一般信件

Dear ________,

I arrived safely back in ________. Thanks again for all your help and

kindness during my stay in ________. You really made sure I had a safe and

enjoyable time. I hope you are well and everything is fine with you.

Unfortunately, I have a very small favor to ask. ________(事情描述).

________(必须做的原因). I wonder if you would mind ________. Of course, I

will happily ________(你的回报). ________(事情应怎样做).Thanks in advance. Yours,

Li Hua

模板2:求职信

9

Dear ________,

I have learnt from yesterday’s newspaper that you are employing

a/an ________. I wish to be considered as an applicant for the position,

and beg to state my qualifications as follows:

I am ________ years old, a senior student of ________ University,

majoring in ________. During my academic years, I have shown excellent

performance and have been awarded firstclass scholarship each year. In

addition to my educational background, I have the rich work experience

in the fields of ________. Therefore, I believe I can be of value to your

company.

Enclosed is my resume for your reference, and I shall be glad to

call at your office if you desire an interview. Thank you.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

模板3:观点对比

The topic about ________ is becoming increasingly popular in our

school. There are two sides of opinion about it.

Some students prefer to consider ________ (做某事). (Some students

say ________ is their favorite.) They think that ________ (理由一).

What’s more, ________ (理由二). Moreover, ________ (理由三).

However, others believe ________ is a better choice for three

reasons. To begin with, ________ (理由一). Next, ________ (理由二). In

addition, ________ (理由三).

From my point of view, the former is surely a wise choice. The

reason is that ________ (As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the

view that ________.)

模板4:解决方法题型

In recent days, we have to face a serious problem that ________.

First, ________(说明问题的现状).Second, ________(举例进一步说明

现状).

Confronted with the problem, we should take a series of effective

measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ________(解决方法

一). For another, ________(解决方法二). Finally, ________(解决方法

三).

Personally, I believe that ________(我的解决方法). Consequently,

I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because ________(带

来的好处).

模板5:说明利弊题型

Nowadays many people prefer ________ (某事物) because it has a

significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as

follows. First ________(优点之一). Besides, ________(优点之二).

But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also

10

apparent.

One of the important disadvantages is that ________(缺点一).To make matters worse,________(缺点二).

Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ________(我的看 法).

模板6:图表作文

As is shown by the figure in the table, ________ has been on the rise/ decrease. From the sharp rise/decline in the chart, it goes without saying that ________.

There are at least two good reasons accounting for ________. On one hand, ________. On the other hand, ________ due to the fact that

________. In addition, ________ is responsible for ________. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.

As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that ________. I am sure my opinion is both sound and wellgrounded.

11



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