近五年湖北高考英语作文分析(20300字)

发表于:2021.1.22来自:www.fanwen118.com字数:20300 手机看范文

近五年湖北高考英语作文分析

1. 近五年高考写作一览

近五年湖北高考英语作文分析

二.近五年高考写作规律

1. 开放式作文为大趋势

2. 字数增加,从100字到120字左右 3. 分值加重,从25分到30分

4. 题材贴近学生生活,现实感强,易于动笔 5. 话题与高中教材密切联系

三.2013评分原则

①本题总分为30分,按5个档次给分。 ②词数少于100,将分数降低一个档次。 ③评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。评分档次的确定应在内容符合题目要求的前题下侧重于语言的表达。

④评分时,应注意的主要内容为:内容切题,语言表达准确、多样、连贯、得体。 ⑤拼写与标点符号是语言表达准确的一个方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。

⑥如书写太潦草,以至影响辨认,将分数降低一个档次。 四、各档次的给分范围和要求

近五年湖北高考英语作文分析

五.写作步骤

●审题——考生动笔前要仔细阅读试题,明确写作要求。审题包括审写作要求、审文体、审写作核心内容、审写作时态及语态和审人称等方面的内容。

●拟点——就是通过审题,拟出写作的基本的重难点,找出五六个动词或动词短

语;有时还可构思一些写作可能要用的句型、句式。然后再提炼要点,以备下一步使用。根据提示,理顺要点,既可保证不遗漏所要表达的信息,又可使表达的内容条理清晰。

●联句——将上一步列出来的要点逐句表达出来,这是书面表达写作时较为关键的一步。完成这个步骤要注意:

①.书面表达重在达意,千万不要简单直译,要用自己最有把握的短语或句型将意思完整、准确地表达出来。

②.如果碰到汉语提示中有一时找不到相对应的英语词语或句型时,不要轻易放弃,因为英语中常常会有一句多译的现象。

③.尽可能多地运用较高级的词汇和较复杂的语法结构,如复合句、倒装句、并列句、强调句和分词结构等。

④.选择正确的人称、时态、语态等进行表达。

⑤.如果是记叙文,还要写明时间、地点和人物。

●成文——就是将写好的句子组织起来,形成段落式短文。要注意使用一些表示并列、递进、让步、转折、因果等意义的关联词语,以增强文章的连贯性和流畅性。

●润色——就是有意识地将一些“低级词汇”转换成“高级词汇”,将一些“简单结构”转换成“高级结构”,以凸显文章亮点,增加得高分的机会,例如使用新颖词汇或句型等。

六.提纲式作文的写作方法

1.特点

提纲式书面表达是把材料分割成信息块,列成独立的文字信息。此类试题中有较多的文字说明实际上是规定了考生表述的思路,对考生的写作范围作了明确的限定,试题中规定的要点一个也不能少。由于这类试题包含较多的文字说明,容易改变书面表达的性质,使作文成为了翻译。因此,考生应灵活运用英语知识,采用不同的表达方式将试题要求的要点完整的表达出来,力求准确、简洁、礼貌、规范。此类试题主要学生的实际语言能力。

2.例题(20xx年湖北高考作文)

假设你是华华,与英国网友汤姆约定用对方的母语通信,以提高各自的外语水平。最近你收到汤姆的电子邮件(附后),发现有一个成语使用不当。请根据下列要点,用英文回一封电子邮件。

要点:

1. 不应使用“无所不为”,应使用“无所事事”;

2. 说明这两个成语的用法;

3. 给予鼓励。

注意:1.词数为100左右;

2.参考释义:无所不为- do all kinds of bad things

无所事事- have nothing to do;

3.除以上两个成语外,邮件中不得使用其他汉字或拼音;

4.电子邮件的开头和结尾已为你写好(不计入你所写词数),但不得抄入答题卡。

附(汤姆的邮件):

华华,你好!

近几天在忙什么事?有什么有意思的事吗?我们的学校放假了,所以这几天我在家无

所不为,饱食终日,只好上网发伊妹儿。没意思,我决定找份工作,做个自食其力的人。祝好!

3.范文欣赏 Hi! Tom,

Nice to read your e-mail today. I notice you’ve begun to use Chinese idioms and used most of them correctly.

However, I’m afraid there is one mistake I’d like to point out. It is “无所不为”. This idiom means “do all kinds of bad things”. Are you doing all kinds of bad things at home? I guess what you were really trying to say is that you’ve got nothing to do these days. In that case, you should use “无所事事”. We usually use “无所不为” to express the idea that people dare to do anything bad, and “无所事事” to describe the situation in which people have got nothing meaningful to do. Have I made myself clear?

Anyway, I’m amazed at the progress you’ve made. Hope you’ll find a job soon. Huahua

4.常用句式(书信)

I’m writing to tell you about...

I’m very much delighted to inform you that...

I apologize to for not writing to you for a long time.

It was so good to hear from you and I shall be very pleased to let you have the information you need.

I’m very have to hear that you are all enjoying good health. Give my regards to..

I’m looking forward to your early reply.

Please remember me to your parents/ family.

5.即学即练习

假如你叫陈宇,你的英国笔友Mike在上次来信中谈到了低碳生活这个话题。最近几个月校倡导学生过低碳生活、过节约生活、做有责任感的公民,引导学生从出行、购物、用水、家电和餐具使用方面反省自己的生活方式。请你用英文给Mike回信。

回信要点如下:

1.你对低碳生活的理解

2.你校开展的活动

3.你最近生活方式的改变(至少选取三个方面)

注意:

1.词数为100左右;

2.参考词汇 低碳生活 – low – carbon life (style)

3.信的开头和结尾已为你写好(不计入你所写词数)

Dear Mike,

How are things going? In your last letter you talked about low carbon life. Now I’d like to share my understanding of it and my experience in the past few months.

I’m really glad to communicate with you about this topic.

Yours

Chen Yu

范文: Dear Mike,

How are things going? In your last letter you talked about low carbon life. Now I’d like to share my understanding of it and my experience in the past few months.

With the environment problem coming into attention, it is extremely important that we take action to protect our planet. As more people are determined to make a difference, low carbon lifestyle provides us with the perfect opportunity to do it.

Interest tingly, our school called on students to develop a low carbon lifestyle and become a responsible citizen several months ago. In response to the appeal, I have made some changes in my way of life, which ranges from transportation to water saving. For example, instead of asking my parents to drive me to school, I take a bus to and from school. just like my schoolmates, I now refuse to use disposable chopsticks. At home, I even persuade my parents to reuse water, even though it is not so convenient. TV and computer are important entertainment for my family, but we

sometimes read instead, which, I think, may help relieve the shortage of electricity. I’m really glad to communicate with you about this topic. Yours Chen Yu

6.趋势

提纲式作文考查的机率已不再大,因为提纲式的作文不能反映出学生的真实水平,只是进行中文要点的翻译而已,也不符合高校选拔人才的要求。

七.开放式作文的写作方法

1.特点

开放式作文类似语文考试中的材料作文,试题给出考生一定的素材或主题,让考生在此基础上自由发挥,自由创作,不受“文体形式,内容要点”的限制,甚至不受短文词数的限制。这种开放式作文和目前其他形式的书面表达相比,难度更大,要求更高

2.例题(20xx年湖北高考作文)

We all know that “sticks and stones may break our bones”, but we should also be aware that words can hurt people, too.

注意:①无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语;

②除诗歌外,文体不限;

③文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称;

④词数为120左右。

3.范文欣赏 Sometimes, bad words are to us what knives to our body. I learned this from one of my experiences that I went through during Senior One school life.

One day, when I was playing volleyball with my classmates in my PE class, I missed several chances that I should have grasped to meet the ball. What surprised me most was that my best friend Peter called me “fool”. I was so hurt that I almost accepted the fact that our friendship came to an end. It was my classmates’ comfort and persuasion as well as Peter’s apology and explanation that helped me realize he did have a strong sense of cooperation and teamwork. It wasn’t long before I forgave him and we were again close friends as ever.

From this story, I am definitely convinced that bad words really have bad influence on us, and that only with a good understanding of them can we get through and get along well.

4.写作方法

例:请你根据以下提示,结合生活中的一个事例,用英语写一篇短文,谈谈微笑的作用。

The best example of universally understood body language may be the smile.

A smile can help us get through difficult situation and find friends in a world of strangers. A smile can open doors and tear down walls. 注意:

①无须写标题;

②内容只需涉及一个方面;

③词数为100左右。

1)步骤

①第一段:引出话题

开头第一段引出话题,点出观点,可用到主语从句和定语从句。

It is well-known that smile is the most pleasant expression in life, from which we can benefit a lot, for example, getting encouragement and building up confidence.

也可运用谚语格言的方式吸引读者注意,同时引出话题,点出观点。

There is a saying that goes, “life is much like a mirror. If you smile upon it ,it smiles back upon you.”, with which you can get along well with others.

② 第二段:写一个事例,举例论证法,记叙文段落

正文部分,则可运用写记叙文的方式结合事例进行叙事论证自己的观点。要注意连词的使用,使叙述有逻辑条理,连贯通顺。

Take myself as an example, When I first learned English, I found it was not as easy as I had thought before. Disappointed, I decided to quit. At this time My English teacher came to me, saying, “I believe you can do it." After that, she gave me a big shining smile. Suddenly, I was full of confidence again. Since then, a confident smile has always been on my face whenever a challenge comes to me.

③ 第三段:你的观点,议论文段落。

结尾部分,重申话题和观点,回应开头,对好的方面要有提倡,利弊都有的方面要进行度的把握。

2)总结:作文模版可为

It is well-known that ?. is the most ??. in life, from which we can ?.. for example?..

Take myself as an example, When I first ?..

Disappointed?.Suddenly?..Finally?..Since then?..

In conclusion, ?. can bring us ?. with which ??.

It is advocated that we should ?? Only with ?can we ??

3)即学即练:(20xx年湖北高考英语作文)

请根据以下提示,结合你校园生活中的一个事例,就与人合作这一话题,用英语写一篇短文。

Working in groups at school is an opportunity to learn about team work. Teamwork shows us how other people’s roles fit the purpose of the group, and it teaches to be patient and how to respond to different people. 注意:①无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语;

②除诗歌外,文体不限;

③内容必须结合校园生活中的一个事例;

④文中不得透漏个人姓名和学校名称;

⑤词数为100左右。

范文:

It is well-known that teamwork is the most important way of solving problem in life, through which we can complete the task efficiently.

Take myself as an example, I was the leader of a football team. Once in a match, our team failed although all the members had tried their best. Later the coach told us the with key point was teamwork, which means we should cooperate with each other. Realizing the importance of teamwork, finally we succeed.

In conclusion, teamwork can help us play the role of every member at best. Only with teamwork can we make our complicated work easier.

4.常用词汇短语

1.occur 替换 think of

Suddenly I had an idea that someone had broken into my house. → An idea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house. It occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.

2.devote替换spend

He spends all his spare time in reading. →

He devotes all his spare time to reading.

3.seek替换want / look for

They sought (wanted ) to hide themselves behind the trees.

4.average 替换ordinary

I’ m an average ( ordinary ) student.

5.but替换very

The film we saw last night was very interesting. →

The film we saw last night was nothing but interesting.

The film we saw last night was anything but boring.

6.seat 替换sit

On his way to school, he found an old lady seated (sitting) by the road, looking worried.

7.be supposed to 替换should

He is supposed to ( should ) have driven more slowly.

8.appreciate 替换thank

Thank you very much for you help. →

We appreciate your help very much. / Your help is much appreciated.

9.the case替换 true

I don’t think it is the case ( true ).

10.on替换as soon as

As soon as he arrived, he began his research. →

On his arrival, he began his research..

11.due to替换because of

He arrived late due to ( because of ) the storm.

12.cover替换walk/read

After covering (walking) 10 miles, we all felt tired.

13.contribute to替换 be helpful/useful

Plenty of memory work is undoubtedly helpful to English study. → Plenty of memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study.

14.round the corner 替换 coming soon/ nearby

① The summer vacation is round the corner ( coming). Do you have any plans? ② Li Ming studies in a school round the corner (nearby).

15.come to light替换discover

The family were so pleased when they discovered the lost jewels. → The family were so pleased when the lost jewels came to light.

16.have a ball替换have a good time/ enjoy oneself

After visiting the workshop, we went back to school. Every one of us had a ball ( had a good time ).

17.come up with替换think of

Jack is very clever. He often comes up with ( thinks of ) new ideas.

18.set aside替换save

Some students think that they should set aside some of their pocket money for books.

19.be of + n. 替换adj.

The products are of high quality (very good ) and are sold everywhere in China.

20.refer to 替换talk about/of, mention

The professor you referred to (talked about ) is very famous.

21.can not but / can not help but替换have to do

I could not but (had to) go home.

22.more often than not替换usually

More often than not (Usually), the meaning of many words can be easily guessed.

23.lest替换so that /in order that

I wrote down his telephone number so that I would not forget it. → I wrote down his telephone number lest I (should) forget it.

24.be long for sth. / be long to do sth. 替换want to do sth./wish for I want to see you very much. →

I am long to see you.

25.be caught up in/be crazy about/be absorbed in/be addicted to替换be interested in

He is caught up in ( very interested in ) collecting stamps.

26.more than替换very

① I’m very glad to learn that you are coming in September. → I’m more than glad to learn that you are coming in September.

② If there is anything I can do for you, I would be more than glad to help.

27.perfect (ly) 替换good/ very well

He speaks perfect ( good ) English./ He speaks English perfectly ( very well ).

28.do sb a/the favor 替换help

Would you please do me the favor ( help me ) to turn down the radio?

29.the other day替换a few days ago

The other day my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle.

30.in the course of替换during

In the course of (During) the mountain-climbing, please help each other and pay special attention to your safety.

31.the majority of替换most

The majority of (Most of ) the interviewees prefer watching TV at home to going to the cinema.

32.consist of替换be made up of

Our class consists of ( is made up of ) 50 students.

33.be worn out替换 be tired / broken

① After five hours’ non-stop work, we were all worn out (tired). ② My shoes are worn out (broken). Please buy me a new pair.

34.become of替换 happen

What do think has become of ( happened to ) him ?

35.attend to替换look after

36.on condition that替换as long as

37.nevertheless替换however

38.express one’s satisfaction with替换be satisfied with

39.spare no efforts to do替换try one’s best to do

40.many a 替换many

41.be rushed off one’s feet 替换be busy in doing

42.a handful of替换a little / some

43.meanwhile替换at the same time

44.get to one’s feet替换stand up

45.beneath替换under

46.occasionally替换sometimes /once in while

47.for instance替换for example

48.seldom替换not often

49.wealthy替换 rich

50.amazing替换surprising

51.as a matter of fact 替换in fact

5.常用习语

1.Practice makes perfect. 熟能生巧。

2.God helps those who help themselves. 天助自助者。

3.Easier said than done. 说起来容易做起来难。

4.Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者事竟成。

5.One false step will make a great difference. 失之毫厘,谬之千里。

6.Slow and steady wins the race. 稳扎稳打无往而不胜。

7.A fall into the pit, a gain in your wit. 吃一堑,长一智。

8.Experience is the mother of wisdom. 实践出真知。

9.All work and no play makes jack a dull boy. 只工作不玩耍,聪明孩子也变傻。

10.Beauty without virtue is a rose without fragrance.无德之美犹如没有香味的玫瑰,徒有其表。

11.More hasty, less speed. 欲速则不达。

12.Its never too old to learn. 活到老,学到老。

13.All that glitters is not gold. 闪光的未必都是金子。

14.A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.千里之行始于足下。

15.Look before you leap. 三思而后行。

16.Rome was not built in a day. 伟业非一日之功。

17.Great minds think alike. 英雄所见略同。

18.well begun, half done. 好的开始等于成功的一半。

19.It is hard to please all. 众口难调。

20.Out of sight, out of mind. 眼不见,心不念。

21.Facts speak plainer than words. 事实胜于雄辩。

22.Call back white and white back. 颠倒黑白。

23.First things first. 凡事有轻重缓急。

24.Ill news travels fast. 坏事传千里。

25.A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难见真情。

26.live not to eat, but eat to live. 活着不是为了吃饭,吃饭为了活着。

27.Action speaks louder than words. 行动胜过语言。

28.East or west, home is the best. 金窝银窝不如自家草窝。

29.Its not the gay coat that makes the gentleman. 君子在德不在衣。

30.Beauty will buy no beef. 漂亮不能当饭吃。

31.Like and like make good friends. 趣味相投。

32.The older, the wiser. 姜是老的辣。

33.Do as Romans do in Rome. 入乡随俗。

34.An idle youth, a needy age. 少壮不努力,老大徒伤悲。

35.As the tree, so the fruit. 种瓜得瓜,种豆得豆。

36.To live is to learn, to learn is to better live.活着为了学习,学习为了更好的活着。

6.常用句式

◆ It句型

① It will be + some time + before?

It won’t be long before humans visit the Mars.

② It is + adj./n.+ for sb to do sth.

It is very important for us to learn computer well, because it has changed our life so much.

He said since it was a new model in China, it was impossible to fix it without the right spare parts.

③ It is + 被强调部分 + that?

1) It is what Yang Liwei has done that encourages us a lot.

2) Those who like reading extensively say it is through reading that we get our knowledge.

◆ more ?than any other 表示最高级

Among the optional courses, spoken English and computer study are more popular than any one else.

◆ 名词从句

① It would mean a great deal to me to listen to the tape and learn what is covered in the talk.

② My hometown is no longer what it used to be.

◆(非限制性)定语从句

① It was quite an experience for us both, which I’ll never forget for the rest of my life.

◆ 分词结构

① I don’t know about others, but I used to have to work even at weekends

doing endless homework and attending classes as well.

② We’ll mostly stay at home in the evening watching TV, playing games, and meeting people.

③ Hearing this, a few people began to run after him.

④ Born in American, Thomas Edison was a great scientist and inventor. ◆ with结构

① A terrible accident happened yesterday, with nine people killed and almost eighty injured.

② He was carrying a bedroll and a large bag on his shoulder, with a large suitcase in his left hand.

◆ 倒装句

① The time is so precious that we can’t afford to waste it. → So precious is time that we can‘t afford to waste it.

② Although we are tired, we are happy.→

Tired as we are, we are happy.

③ Only in this way can he grow to be a useful man.

◆ 被动语态

① Opinions are divided on the question.

② All classes are taught by teachers with rich experience in teaching foreign students.

③ New factories, houses and roads have been built.

◆ 巧妙的改写

(1).Only 改成no one but

Only Tom passed the exam last week. → No one but Tom passed the exam.

(2).as soon as ?改成No

sooner?than?/Hardly?when?/Immediately?/The moment No sooner had we arrived at the cinema than the film started.

(3).have sb/sth do/done

The girl was knocked off her bicycle and had her leg broken (her leg was broken.).

(4).变换插入语的位置

① However, they suggest fees should be charged low. →

They suggest, however, fees should be charged low.

② I think this is a good chance for you to show your singing talent, and how well you’ve learned Chinese. →

This is a good chance for you, I think, to show your singing talent, and how well you’ve learned Chinese.

(5). 用同位语代替非限制性定语从句

Meimei, who is seven years old, has been learning to ride a bicycle for several days.→

Meimei, a girl of thirteen, has been learning to ride a bicycle for several days.

Shakespeare, a son from a poor family, a man of little education, wrote plays and poems that are read all over the world.

◆ the more?the more?

1) The harder you work, the more progress you make.

2) The more books we read, the more learned we become.

◆ 比较级表最高级

Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V

Nothing is + 形容词比较级 + than to + do sth.

1) Nothing is easier than to give up.没有比放弃更容易的事了。

2) Nothing is more important than to receive education. 没有比接受教育更重要的事。

2)Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V 英语写作经典句型3

◆ There is no doubt + that 从句 毫无疑问的...

1) There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.

毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。

◆ There is no denying that + S + V ... 不可否认的...

1) There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.

不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。

◆ ? cannot emphasize the importance of ? too much. 再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。

1)We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. 我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

7.趋势

这种作文将是高考作文测试的主要方向。

8.历年高考中其它开放式作文

1)20xx年湖北高考作文:

请你根据以下提示,结合生活中的一个事例,用英语写一篇短文,谈谈微笑的作用。

The best example of universally understood body language may be the smile.

A smile can help us get through difficult situation and find friends in a world of strangers. A smile can open doors and tear down walls.

注意:①无须写标题;

②内容只需涉及一个方面;

③词数为100左右。

范文:

I still remember how nervous I was on my first day in the new school three years ago, when I found it difficult to follow my teacher in the first English class. The teacher spoke English throughout the class, which was totally different from the lessons I had taken before.

In the morning class the next day, the English teacher came to me while I was reading the text aloud as other students. After listening to me for a while, she gave me a big smile and said she liked my voice very much.

The smile shone on the whole day and the following days. A week later, I volunteered to take charge of English study in my class. Thanks to the comforting smile in my first morning class, I began to be confident.

2)20xx年湖北高考作文:

请根据以下提示,并结合事例,用英语写一篇短文。

You cannot choose what you are given, but you can choose how you make use of it.

注意:①无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语;

②除诗歌外,文体不限;

③文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称;

④词数为120左右。

范文:

Three years ago I failed an important exam in my life and became a student in an ordinary school. Disappointed as I felt at the shabby campus and the poorly-equipped classroom, I found the teachers patient and considerate. Besides, I enjoyed the friendly atmosphere in class. I decided to make the best of it. I worked hard and got along well with my teachers and classmates. Whenever I had difficulties, they were always available. Soon, I became one of the top students in my class, which greatly increased my confidence and got me motivated.

My experience tells me that it is not what you are given but how you make use of it that determines who you are.

八.写作建议

1. 注意书写和卷面。

2. 重视教材写作部分的训练,以训练思维、语句为主。

3. 牢记解题步骤:审题—确定要点—联句成文。

4. 强化限时训练。

5. 加强词汇的识记,使用高级词汇

6.重视句式的多样性,简单句,并列句,复合句交替使用,非谓,从句,强调,倒装结合运用。

6.积累习语

7. 每日训练,写作不辍。

8. 善于研究范文,总结思路、技巧。



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