高中英语听课札记(800字)

发表于:2021.1.8来自:www.fanwen118.com字数:800 手机看范文

济南市高中英语优质棵听课反思

这次听课的内容是必修五Unit2 The United Kingdom Reading.六位老师以不同的教学风格特色,步步推进的教学环节实现了教学目标,实现了较好的效果。下面从上课的几个环节上谈谈我所学习到的。

首先,做好上课的准备。包括分组,选出发言者或是小组长,准备好课本和学案,还有的老师准备了写作用的一张纸。这些准备为上课的顺利有序进行做好了准备。

第二,恰当,有趣的导入能让学生迅速且满怀兴趣的进入文本的阅读。有的老师通过直接问问题的方式,激发学生求知的欲望。有的老师通过更加直官的视频或图片导出The United Kingdom 并提出puzzle “What is the differences between England, Great Britain and the UK?”。比较有意思的是有两个老师通过展示对话的方式提出这个疑惑,这样就能让学生在实际生活中真正感受到这个疑惑。

第三,适当到位的引导和由浅入深的阅读训练,达到了训练学生快速阅读和细节阅读的目标,为掌握文章大意,复述全文打下了基础。首先是找出“What is the text mainly about?”然后划分段落,连线的方式选出段落大意。这样可以从整体上把握文章及段落大意。通过表格填空,图文并茂的方式理解各段落的具体内容。通过这些多样的练习题理解课文内容就不再枯燥乏味了并且能训练学生阅读的能力。

第四, 语言的生成通过对话或是复述的方式展现,使英语文本的学习转化为语言的口头和书面的使用。例如,让学生以小组为单位做个对话,分工扮演记者和贝克汉姆针对英国的风土人情等做对话。或是写一篇关于介绍英国的文章。 最后,通过反思所学,引导学生通过网络等资源查找关于这一课题更多的信息,这样学生能开拓学习思路,学会学习,并且能开阔视野。使得英语不仅仅是一门语言,而且是看世界的媒介。

以上是我听课后的一些感悟,在以后的教学中我也要把这些学到的用到自己的教学中,提高自己的教学水平。




第二篇:高中英语笔记 108400字

高中英语笔记a great/good many==a large number of许多。修饰可数名词复数。I’m quite busy. I have a great many things to do. 我很忙,我有很多事要做。若复数名词前有限定词或其修饰的为代词时,应加of .①A great many of the books have been sold out. 已经卖了很多书了。②A great many of them are out of work.他们很多人失业了。able(可以的,有能力的,可能的)①He is an able man.那人本事不小。enable(v)使……能②We must learn more to enable us to face all the difficulties.我们要多学知识以便能面对各种困难。disable:有残疾的,不能干的;the disabled表示一类人(残疾人)able作词缀时①可以……的,值得……的(有被动含义)eatable可食用的,measurable可以测量、估计的;readable可读的②其他含义:conformable舒适的、安逸的;suitable 合适的,恰当的above,over,on三个词都可以表示“在……上“,但用法不同。On表示与某物体表面接触;over表示在某物体垂直的上方,含“布满、覆盖、跨越”之意,与under 相对;above表示位置高于,但不一定垂直,与below相对。注意:与数字、数量、长度词连用时,多用over,同more than。如:over10,000people一万多人;表示年龄、刻度多用above,如a man above fifty五十开外的人;above zero零度以上。习惯用语:well above average远在一般以上;above sea-level海拔以上;the one above上面的一个;above all首先,尤其重要的是;over there 那边; all over 遍及;over again 再一遍;over and over再三地accident/event/ incidentevent一般指重大事件。accident多指意外或偶然发生的事故,特别是不幸的、有损害性的事故。incident相对于accident来说,显得不很重要,指“小事件”,它还可以用来表示“事变”,如叛乱、爆炸等。如:The broadcaster is broadcasting the news on current events.广播员正在播报时事新闻。He was badly injured in the traffic accident.在那起交通事故中,他严重受伤。There was an incident on the bus: a man fought with the conductor.那辆公共汽车上发生了一件事,有个人和售票员打了起来。Have you heard of Xi’an Incident?你听说过“西安事变”吗?admit vt.①接纳,许可……进入(allow sb./sth.to enter)He was admitted to the school this year.Only two hundred boys and girls are admitted to our school every year.②承认,后可接名词,doing、从句或复合结构。I admit my fault.She admitted having read the letter.He admitted that his comprehension was weak.You must admit the task to be difficult.advice建议;劝告。是不可数名词,“一条建议”应用a piece of advice。常用结构。give sb.advice(on)/give advice给某人提(关于……的)建议;忠告某人。ask(sb.)for advice征

求(某人的)意见。①Marx gave us some good advice on how to learn a foreign language.关于如何学好外语,马克思给我们提了些好建议。②If you take /follow my advice,you’ll pass the exam.如果你听从我的建议,你会考试及格的。③Let’s ask our teacher for some advice.咱们征求一下老师的意见吧。admire(= respect / praise)vt.羡慕,钦佩,夸奖admire sb.(for sth.)佩服某人某事Visitors to Beijing greatly admire our Palace Museum.去北京的游人极其羡慕我们的故宫。I admire him for his wisdom.我佩服他的智慧。别忘了夸奖孩子。对比:envy(= jealous)vt.嫉妨,羡慕envy sb.(sth.)嫉妒/羡慕某人某事We all envy you your good future.我们都很羡慕你的好运。advise sb. to do sth.建议某人做某事(suggest不这样用)。①I advise you to take the chance.我建议你抓住机会。②—What do you advise me to do?你建议我怎么办?—I advise you not to lose heart; just keep on.我劝你不要灰心,继续干。advise 还可同suggest一样,后接名词、代词、动名词(短语)和that从句(用虚拟语气)作宾语。①—What would you advise?你有什么建议吗?—I advise you an early start我建议你早点出发。②I advise holding a metting to discuss the problem.我建议召开一次会议来讨论这个问题。③I advise you (should) go to once.我建议你马上去。advise ,persuade persuade sb. to do sth.意为“说服某人做某事”,强调劝说成功,说服;advise sb. to do sth. 意为“劝说某人做某事”,不涉及劝说是否有效,相当于try to persuade sb. to do sth.。如:The doctor persuaded my father to give up smoking.医生说服我爸爸戒了烟。The doctor advised my father to give up smoking, but failed.医生劝我爸爸戒烟,但没成功。advise; suggestadvise 与suggest 都可作“建议”讲,二者用法有同有异。(1)相同点表示建议做某事,advise与suggest都可采用下列三种句型:① + 名词② + 动名词③ + that从句(从句中常用should加动词原形,should可以省略。)eg. He advised/ suggested an early start.He advised/ suggested (our) starting early.He advised/ suggested that we (should) start early.(注:只要是用从句表示建议该做的事,从句中就可用“should+动词原形”,should可以省略。)上面的第三句可转化为:It was suggested that we (should) start early.What he suggested was that we(should) start early.His suggestion was that we (should) start early.(2)不同点①advise后可以跟人称代词作宾语,而suggest后不可以跟人称代词作宾语。故可以说:advise sb. to do sth.; advise sb. against (doing) sth.; advise sb. on/ about sth.; suggest(to sb.)that...前三种结构中不可将advise改为suggest,如:他建议我们去参观博物

馆。[正]He advised us to go to visit the museum.[误]He suggested us to go to visit the museum.[误]He suggested us that we go to visit the museum.②suggest还有“暗示、表明、说、指出(一个事实)”的意思。此时从句中用陈述语气,不用虚拟语气。如:The smile on his face suggested that he was pleased.Having examined carefully, the doctor suggested that the patient was seriously ill.(句中suggest陈述了一个事实,故用陈述语气。)比较:Having examined carefully, the doctor suggested that the Patient beoperated on at once.(句中suggest表示建议该做某事,从句中用should加动词原形,should在从句中省略。)高中英语介词用法记忆口诀早、午、晚要用in,at黎明、午夜、点与分。  年、月、年月、季节、周,阳光、灯、影、衣、冒in。  将来时态in...以后,小处at大处in。  有形with无形by,语言、单位、材料in。  特征、方面与方式,心情成语惯用in。  介词at和to表方向,攻击、位置、恶、善分。  日子、日期、年月日,星期加上早、午、晚,  收音、农场、值日on,关于、基础、*、著论。  着、罢、出售、偷、公、假,故意、支付、相反,准。  特定时日和"一……就",on后常接动名词。  年、月、日加早、午、晚,of之前on代in。  步行、驴、马、玩笑on,cab,carriage则用in。  at山脚、门口、在当前,速、温、日落、价、核心。  工具、和、同随with,具有、独立、就、原因。  就……来说宾译主,对、有、方状、表细分。  海、陆、空、车、偶、被by,单数、人类know to man。this、that、tomorrow,yesterday,next、last、one。接年、月、季、星期、周,介词省略已习惯。  over、under正上下,above、below则不然,  若与数量词连用,混合使用亦无关。'  beyond超出、无、不能,against*着,对与反。  besides,except分内外,among之内along沿。  同类比较except,加for异类记心间。  原状because of,、 owing to、 due to表语形容词  under后接修、建中,of、from物、化分。  before、after表一点, ago、later表一段。  before能接完成时,ago过去极有限。  since以来during间,since时态多变换。  与之相比beside,除了last but one。  复不定for、找、价、原,对、给、段、去、为、作、赞。  快到、对、向towards,工、学、军、城、北、上、南。  but for否定用虚拟,复合介词待后言。  ing型由于鉴,除了除外与包合。  之后、关于、在......方面,有关介词须记全。  in内to外表位置,山、水、国界to在前。早、午、晚要用in  例:in the

morning 在早上  in the afternoon 在下午  in the evening 在晚上  in the day 在白天  at黎明、午、夜、点与分  例: at dawn, at daybreak 在黎明时候  at noon 在中午  at night 在夜间  at midnight 在午夜  以上短语都不用冠词  at six o'clock 在6点钟  at 7:30 (seven thirty) 在7点半  at half past eleven 在11点半  at nine fifteen 在9点15分  at ten thirty a.m. 在上午10点30分  也可以写成  seven to five 5点差7分(半小时以上)  five minutes after two 2点过5分  at a quarter to two 1点45分  at the weekend 在周末年、月、年月、季节、周  即在"来年",在"某月",在"某年某月" (但在某年某月某  日则用on),在四季,在第几周等都要用in。  例;in 1986 在19xx年  in 1927 在19xx年  in April 在四月  in March 在三月  in December 1986 19xx年12月  in July l983 19xx年7月  in spring 在春季 in summer 在夏季  in autumn 在秋季 in winter 在冬季  in the fist week of this semester 这学期的第一周  in the third week 在第三周  阳光、灯、影、衣、冒 in,  即在阳光下,在灯下,在树阴下,穿衣、着装、冒雨等都要用in。  例:Don't read in dim light. 切勿在暗淡的灯光下看书。  They are reviewing their lessons in the bright light. 他们在明亮的灯光下复习功课。  They are sitting in the shade of a tree. 他们坐在树阴下乘凉。  a prisoner in irons 带着镣铐的囚犯  He went in the rain to meet me at the station. 他冒雨到车站去接我。  The poor dressed (clothed) in rags in old society. 旧社会穷人们衣衫褴褛.以及:in the bright sunlight 在明亮的阳光下  a merchant in disguise 乔装的商人  the woman in white (black, red, yellow) 穿着白(黑、红、黄)色衣服的妇女  in uniform 穿着制服  in mourning 穿着丧服  in brown shoes 穿着棕色鞋  in his shirt sleeves 穿着衬衫将来时态in...以后  例: They will come back in 10 days. 他们将10天以后回来。  I'll come round in a day or two. 我一两天就回来。  We'll be back in no time. 我们一会儿就回来。  Come and see me in two days' time. 两天后来看我。(从现在开始)  after... (从过去开始)小处at大处in  例:Li and I arrived at Heishan county safe and sound, all is well. Don't worry. 李和我平安地到达黑山县,一切很好,勿念。  I live in a great city (big city), my sister lives at a small town while my parents live at a village. 我住在大城市,我姐姐住在一个小城镇,而我的父母则住在农村。  I'm in Liaoning, at Anshan. 我住在辽宁省鞍山市.  有形wi

th无形by,语言 、单位、材料in例:The workers are paving a road with stone. 工人们正用石子铺路。(有形)  The teacher is correcting the paper with a new pen. 这位教师正用一支新笔批改论文。(有形)  "Taking Tiger Mountain by Strategy" is a good opera. <<智取威虎山>>是-出好戏。(无形)  The product is separated by distilation into gasoline and gas oil. 这种产品是用蒸馏分离出气油和粗柴油。 (表示方式、手段、方法--无形)  I really can't express my idea in English freely in-deed.我确实不能用英语流利地表达我的思想。 (表示某种语言用in)  I wrote a novel in Russian. 我用俄语写了一本小说。(同上)  The kilometer is the biggest unit of length in the metric system.公里是米制中最长的长度单位。 (表示度、量、衡单位的用in )  The length is measured in meter, kilometre, and centimetre. 长度是以米、公里、厘米为单位来计算的。(同上)  This board was cast in bronze not in gold. 这个牌匾是铜铸的,不是金铸的。  特征、方面与方式、心情、成语惯用in  特征或状态:  例: The Democratic Party was then in power. 那时民主党执政。  They found the patient in a coma. 他们发现病人处于昏迷状态。  He has not been in good health for some years. 他几年来身体一直不好。  Many who came in despair went away in hope. 许多人带着绝望情绪而来,却满怀希望而去。  The house was in ruins. 这房屋成了废墟。  The poor girl was in tears. 这个贫苦女孩泪流满面。Her clothes were in rags. 她的衣跟穿破了。  His shoes were in holes. 他的鞋穿出窟窿了。  I only said it in fun. 我说这话只是开玩笑的。  She spoke in grief rather than in anger. 与其说她讲得很气愤,不如说她讲得很伤心。  还有一些短语也用in,如:  in jest 诙谐地,in joke 开玩笑地,in spite 恶意地, in fairness 公正地,in revenge 报复, in mercy 宽大,in sorrow 伤心地等。  His mind was in great confusion. 他脑子里很乱。  Today everybody is in high spirits and no one is in low ebb. 今天大家都兴高采烈,没有一个情绪低落的。  She and her classmates are in flower ages. 她和她的同学都正值妙龄。  The compaign was in full swing. 运动正值高潮中。  方面:  例:we accepted the item in principle. 我们在原则上接受了这个条款。They are never backward in giving their views. 他们从来不怕发表自己的意见。  The backward area has achieved self-sufficient in grain. 这个落后的地区在粮食方面已能自给。  A good teacher must be an example in study. 一个好的教师必须是学习的模范。  方式:  例:All the speeches were taken down in

shorthand. 所有报告都用速记记录下来了。  The Party has always educated us in the spirit of patriotism and internationalism. 党一贯以爱国主义和国际主义精神教育我们。  如下成语惯用in  例如: in all 总计  in advance 事前  in the meantime 与此同时  in place 适当地  in hopes of(或in the hope of) 怀着.......希望  in connection with 和……有关  in contact with 和……联系  in addition to 除......以外  in case of 倘若,万一  in conflict with 和......冲突  in force 有效的,大批  in depth 彻底地  in regard to 关于  in the neighborhood of 大约、邻近  in retrospect 回顾,一想起  in behalf of 代表......利益  in the least 一点,丝毫  in alarm 惊慌、担心  in the opinion of 据……见解  in the long run 从长远说来in one's opinion 在……看来  in word 口头上  in a word 总之  in vain 无益地, 白白地  in case 如果,万一,以防  in detail 详细地  in haste 急急忙忙地  in conclusion 总之  in spite of 尽管  in other words... 换句话说  in return 作为回报  in the name of 以......名义  be confident in 对......有信心  be interested in 对......感兴趣  in doubt 怀疑  in love 恋爱中  in debt 负债  in fun (jest、joke) 玩笑地  in hesitation 犹豫不决  in wonder 在惊奇中  in public (secret) 公开他(秘密地)in a good humour 心情(情绪)好  "介词at、to表方向,攻击、位置、善、恶、分"。  介词at和to都可以表示方向; 用at表示方向时,侧重于攻击的目标,往往表示恶意;用to表示方向时,突出运动的位置或动作的对象,侧重表示善意。试比较下列各句:  1. A.She came at me. 她向我扑过来。  B.She came to me. 她向我走过来。  2.A.Jake ran at John. 几 杰克向约翰扑过去。  B.Jake ran to John. 杰克朝约翰跑去。  3.A. He rushed at the woman with a sword. 他拿着剑向那妇女扑过去。  B. He rushed to the woman with a sword. 他带着剑向那妇女跑过去。  4.A.He shouted at the old man. 他大声喝斥那老人。  B. He shouted to the old man. 他大声向那老人说  5.A.I heard her muttering at Xiao Li. 我听见她在抱怨小李。  B.I heard her muttering to Xiao Li. 我听见她在同小李低声说话。  6.A. She talked at you just now. 她刚才还说你坏话呢。  B.She talked to you just now. 她刚才还同你谈话呢.  7.A.She threw a bone at the dog. 她用一块骨头砸狗。  B.She threw a bone to the dog. 她把一块骨头扔给狗吃。8.A.He presented a pistol at me. 他用

手枪对着我。  B.He presented a pistol to me. 他赠送我一支手枪。  日子、日期、年月日,星期加上早午晚; 以下皆用on。例: on Octorber the first 1949 19xx年10月1日  on February the thirteenth l893 1893年2月13日  on May the first 5月1日  on the first 1号  on the sixteenth 16号  on the second of January 或 on January the second 1月2日on a summer evening 在夏天的一个夜晚  on Boxing Day 在节礼日(圣诞节次日)  on New Year's Day 在元旦  on my birthday 在我的生日  但 in the Christmas holidays在圣诞节假期; in the eighteenth century 在十八世纪; in ancient times 在古代; in earlier times 在早期; in modern times 在现代,则用in,the present time 现在,at the present day当今则用at。  on May Day 在"五·一"节  on winter day 在冬天  on Decenber 12th 1950 l950年12月12日  on Sunday 在星期天  on Monday 在星期一  on Tuesday morning 星期二早晨  on Saturday afternoon 星期六下午  on Friday evening 星期五晚上但last night 昨夜;in the evening 在晚上; on time准时,in time及时,等则不同。  年月日,加早午晚,of之前on代in  例: on the morning of 18th 18日早晨  on the evening of 4th 4日晚上  On the eve of their departure they gave a farewell banquet and their head gave a garewell speech. 他们在临行前夕举行了一次告别宴会,他们的团长发表了告别讲话。  收音、农场,值日on  例:Did your supervisor like the story over (or on) the radio last night?  您的导师喜欢昨天从收音机里听到的故事吗?  I heard the news over (or on) the radio. 我从收音机里听到了这一条消息。  taIk over the radio 由无线电播音  on TV 从电视里......  hear something on the wireless 在无线电里听到  My brother works on an Army reclamation farm. 我哥哥在一个军垦农场工作。  The students are working on a school farm. 学生们正在校办农场劳动。  This is a farmer's house on a farm. 这是农场的农舍。  Who is on duty, tody? 今天谁值日?  We go on duty at 8 a.m. 我们上午8点钟上班。关于、基础、*、著论  例: This afternoon we are going to listen to a report on the international situation. 今天下午我们要听关于国际形势的报告。  Professor Shen will give us a talk on travelling in America. 申教授将给我们做关于美国之行的报告。  You are wrong on all these issues. 在这些问题上你的看法都错了。  The belief is based on practical experience. 这种信念是以实际经验为基础的。  Theory must be based on practice. 理论必须以实践为基础。  The people in the south live on rice. 南方人主食大米。(*)  The

citizens live on their salaries. 城市人*薪金生活。  You can't afford luxuries, on an income of 100 yuan a month. *月薪100元的收入,你是买不起奢侈品的。  Her pet dogs were fed on the choicest food. 她用精饲料喂养她心爱的狗。  He is just a scrounger, who lives on other people. 他正是一个小偷,专*损害别人过日子。  Keep the kettle on the boil (=boiling). 让水壶的水一直开着。  The enemy are on the run (=running). 敌人在逃跑。  on后接the加上一个作名词的动词.其意义与现在分词所表达的相近。类似例子很多如:  on the march在行军中,on the mend 在好转中,on the prowl徘徊,on the move活动中,on the scrounge巧取豪夺(埋语),on the go活跃,忙碌,on the lookout注意, 警戒,on the watch监视着。on the hop趁不备抓住某人等等。  on the People's Democratic Dictatorship<<实践论>>和<<矛盾论>>  on the People's Democratic Dictatorship<<论人民民主专政>>"on Coalition Government" <<论联合政府>>着、罢、出售、偷、公、假,故意、支付,相反、准  注:口诀中的"着"是指着火,罢指罢工,偷指偷偷地,公指出差、办公事;假指休假,准指准时。  例:The house next to mine was on fire. 我邻居的房子着火了。  The workers of the railway station were on strike. 铁路工人罢工了。  Grapes and big water melons from Sinkiang are on sale on a large sale. 新疆葡萄和西瓜大量上市了。  do something on the sly (quiet). 秘密地(暗地里,偷偷地)做某事。  I've come here on business. 我是有公事来的。  They went to Bern on a mission. 他们到伯尔尼去执行一项使命。  They has been away on a long trip. 他们出去做一次长途旅行。  I'll go home on leave next month. 下月我将休假回家。  I went on business to Shanghai. I did not take leave. 我是公出去上海的,不是不告面别。  She came to see you on purpose. 她是专程来看你的。  He came here on purpose to discuss it with you. 他到这来是要与你讨论这件事的。  This lunch is on me.  "No. let's go Dutch."  "这顿午饭我付钱。"  "不,还是各付各的。"  On the contrary, it was very easy to understand. 相反,这事儿很容易理解。  P1ease come on time. (on schedule). 请准时来。  注:in time是"及时"的意思。The train arrived on schedule. 火车准时到达。  特定时间和"一……就",左右on后动名词  例:Gases expand on heating and contract on cooling. 气体加热时膨胀,冷却时收缩。(特定时间)  On entering the room, he found his friends dancing in high spirits. 一进屋,他就发现他的朋友们在愉快地跳舞。  On reaching the city he called up Lao Yang.

一到城里他就给老杨打了一个电话。  I'll write to him on hearing from you. 我接到你的来信就给他写信。(一……就)  以及on the left, right向左向右,on the stair在台阶上等。  步行、驴、马、玩笑on,cab,carriage用in  例:On foot步行; on horse骑马; on donkey 骑驴。  He rode on, blood flowing from his side. 他骑着马,鲜血从腰部流下来。  The soldier of the Eighth Route Army rode 100 li on a horse a day in order to catch up with his unit. 为赶上部队,那位八路军战士骑马日行百里。  Go on horse back! 骑马去!  You are having me on! 你和我开玩笑呢!  in cab和in carriage 不能用on或by cab或carrige。  at山脚、门口在当前,速、温、日落价核心  即在山脚下、在门口、在目前,速度、以……速率、温度、在日落时、在……核心要用at。  例:At the foot of the mountain, there are thirty of our comrades. 在山脚下,有我们30个同志。There is a beautiful lake at the foot of the hill. 山脚下有一个美丽的湖。  At the gate of the house there are many children playing glassball. 门口有一大群孩子在玩玻璃球。  Who's standing there at the door? 谁站在门口?  I don't need the dictionary at present. 我现在还不需要这本词典。  He is at present in Washington. 他目前正在华盛顿。  The train runs at fifty kilometres an hour. 火车每小时行驶50公里。  we built the plant at top speed and minimun cost. 我们以最低的投资,最高的速度修建了该工厂。  at home 在国内,在家里  at ten degrees centigrade 在摄氏10度  at minus ten degrees centigrade 摄氏零下10度Water freezes at 0°centigrade. 水在镊氏零度结冰。  Water usually boils at 100°. 水通常在摄氏loo度沸赐。  at zero 在零度  at the rate of 45 miles an hour  at full speed 全速  at a good price 高价  at a low cost 低成本  at a great cost 花了很大代价  at that time 在当时  Evaporation takes place at all tempertures. 蒸发在任何温度下都能发生。at 1000RPM (revolution per minute) 每分钟1000转  at a high speed 高速  The soldiers launched an attack upon the enemy at sunset. 战士们在日落时对敌人发起了攻击。  at daybreak 日出时  The force at the core leading our cause forward is the Chinese Communist Party. 领导我们事业的核心力量是中国共 产 党。  The atom has a nucleus at its core. 在原子的中心有一个原于核。  At the beginning of this term the teacher in charge of our class was very strict with us. 这学期开始,我们的班主任老师对我们要求非常严格。高中英语词组,a couple of两三个   a great deal非常,用来修饰比较级

a matter of time 时间问题, 例: It's just a matter of time.这只是个时间问题. a million times很多次 a sheet of paper一张纸 a waste of money/time/energy 钱/时间/精力的浪费 absent-minded 心不在焉,健忘 account for 解释说明,占据比例 add up 加起来,总计 after all 毕竟,终究,到底,终于 agree with 同意,适合 alarm clock 闹钟   all along一直,始终 anything but单单除...之外; 恰恰不 apply for 申请 Are you kidding? 你开什么玩笑? around the clock 整天不间断, 一天二十四小时不停 as a matter of fact 事实上 as far as I know 据我所知 as good as和...一样好 as long as只要 as soon as一...就... as soon as possible 尽快 ask for 要求; 要求找 ask somebody for a ride 请求搭车 at all一点也不,根本 at least 至少 at the most 至多,顶多 at somebody's service愿意为某人效劳   B be about to 就要做 be absent from school缺课,没上学 be accustomed to习惯于 be attached to对...有感情 be behind in在....落后 be bound for 去...地方 例: The train is bound for Beijing. be capable of有能力做... be finished做完了 be good with 擅长 be in luck 有运气,幸运 be in the dark蒙在鼓里,不知道 be known to 为...所熟知 be made of money很有钱 be on a diet 正在节食 be prepared for准备好做... be relevant to和...相关 be responsible for对...负责任 be sick of 对...感到厌恶 be suitable for合适做... be supposed to应该 be tied up in 忙于做... be up to somebody由某人来决定 be used to对...习惯了 before long不久,很快 behind the time(s)落后于时代 believe in 相信 believe it or not信不信由你 belong to属于 birthday present生日礼物 bit by bit逐步的,慢慢的 black coffee黑咖啡(不加糖,也不加奶的咖啡) break down坏了,出故障 break up分手(夫妻或者情人之间) bulletin board广告栏,布告栏 bus fare公共汽车票钱 bus station汽车站 bus tour 乘公共汽车旅行 by air 乘飞机 by all means 当然 by and by很快 by oneself 自己一个人,单独   C cable TV有线电视 call off 取消 call on somebody拜访某人 camping trip露营 can't help doing避免不了; 忍不住 cancel an appointment 取消约会 care for喜欢 carry on 继续下去 carry out 执行,履行 catch up on赶上, 补上 catch one's eyes吸引...的目光, 引人注意 catch one's breath喘气 catch up with 赶上某人 change one's mind改变主意 check out 核实 cheer up 高兴起来 chemistry lab化学实验室 chocolate bar一块巧克力 classical music 古典音乐 clean out 清光, 清理出去

clean up 大扫除, 整理一下 close to靠近 coffee break 喝咖啡的休息时间 come a long way取得很大的进展 come along 进展; 一块来去 come by 参观,访问,拜访 come in 进来,到达,起作用 come out 出来; 出版 come over 过来, 拜访 come to one's mind 想起 come up 来临, 发生 come up with 想出 complain about 抱怨 concentrate on 将注意力集中于 contact lenses隐形眼镜 cool off 凉爽, 消气 cost a fortune 花大价钱, 价格很高 cough medicine 咳嗽药 count me in 把我算在内 count me out 别把我算在内 count on 依赖 cut off 电话线断了 cut down on 削减, 减少 D dark side 阴暗面 day and night 夜以继日 day in and day out 一天又一天 deal with 应付, 处理 decide on 决定 depend on 依靠, 依赖 develop the film 冲胶卷 dial the number 拨电话 dine out 出去吃饭 dining car 餐车 dinner party 晚宴 do one's best 尽某人最大的努力 do one's hair 做头发 do one's teeth 刷牙 do some good 对... 有好处 do the cooking 作饭 do the washing 洗衣服 do with 用...凑合 do without 没有...也行 don't mention it 没什么提的, 没关系的 drive someone out of mind 让某人发疯 driver's license 驾照 drop in on somebody 拜访某人 drop off 把......放下来,睡着了 dry off 烘干 due to 因为   E eat out 出去吃饭 eat up 吃光, 占用 emergency landing 紧急着陆 end up 结果是 enthusiastic about sports 对体育有兴趣 every now and then 有时 every once in a while 有时 every other 每隔...... every so often 有时 extra work 额外作业, 额外工作   F face to face 面对面 fall apart 散架 fall asleep 睡着了 far from 离......差的很远 feel well 身体好 figure out 搞清楚 fill one's place 代替 fill one's position 代替 fill out 填表 final exam 期末考试 financial aid 助学金 find out 调查,搞清楚 first class 一流的,最好的 fly by (时间)飞逝 for fun 为了好玩 for nothing 免费 for oneself 自己, 亲自 for sale 出售 for sure 肯定,一定 for years 好多年, 好长时间 from now on 从现在开始 from time to time 有时 from top to the bottom 到处,从上到下   G gain some weight 胖了一些 gas station 加油站 get... in order 整理 get a ride with 搭......的车 get along 相处 get along with 和......相处不错 get away 出去 get better 康复 get hold of 抓住,抓到 get out of 从......当中出来,不再做 get out of bed 起床 get over 摆脱 get rid of 处理掉 get started on 开始做...... get through 完成, 作完

get tired of 对......厌烦 get to 找到,到达,赶到 get together 聚会 get up 起床 get used to 习惯 give credibility to 相信 give me a break 饶了我吧 give one a hand 给......帮忙 give someone a ride 让某人搭车 give up 放弃, 不再作了 go ahead 继续 go all out 全力以赴 go for a walk 出去散步 go on a diet 开始节食 go out for dinner 出去吃饭 go over 复习 go to sleep 睡觉 go up 上升   H had better 最好 hand in 交上去 hand out 分发 hang up 挂上(电话) have a good time 玩的很愉快 have a hand in 参与做 have enough of 受够了 have had to 必须做 have had better 吃过更好的 have much on one's mind 心头有很多事情 have trouble doing 做......有困难 head and shoulders above 比......优秀很多 health center 医疗中心 hear form 收到......的来信 help oneself 自己动手 hold up 耽误,持续 I I have no idea which way to turn我不知道该怎么办 I have seen worse. 我见过更糟的 if only 要是...就好了 in a bad mood 心情不好 in a blue mood 心情不好 in a good mood 心情好 in a little while 一会之后 in a minute 一会之后 in a terrible mood 心情极糟 in advance 提前 in any event 无论如何 in case 万一,说不定 in common 共同点 in good shape 处于很好的状态,身体很好 in high spirits 心情很好 in low spirits 心情不好 in memory of 为纪念... in no mood 没有心情做... in no time 马上,很快 in person 亲自   in spite of 尽管 in time 及时赶上 in vain 白费力气 insist on 坚持 instead of 而没有,而不 invest in 买,花钱买 is there anything wrong with...? 有什么问题吗? Is this seat taken? 这个位子有人坐吗? It's about time 是...的时候了   It's all the same to me. 对我来讲都一样   K Keep an eye on 小心,关注 keep in shape 保持健康 keep it between the two of us 这只是你我之间的事情 keep on 继续坚持 keep up 坚持下去   L law school 法学院 lay off 裁员,解雇 leave... alone 将...放在一边 leave for 去...地方 let...go 让...走 line by line 慢慢的,逐渐的 line up 排队 little by little 慢慢的,逐步的 living room 起居室 long distance call 长途电话 look forward to 盼望 look into 调查 look over 检查 look up 查字典 look up to 尊敬 look well 身体看上去不错 lose some weight 减肥 lunch time 午饭时间 M major in 以...为专业 make fun of 取笑,嘲弄 make no difference 没有区别,一样 make sense 有意义, 有道理

make some difference 有区别,有用 make sure 搞清楚,保证 make up one's mind 下定决心 mess up 搞乱 most of all 最重要的是 move out 搬出去 my goodness! 我的天啊!   N next to 在...附近, 次于 no matter how 无论如何 no matter what 无论什么 no matter where 无论那里 no problem 没问题 no sooner...than ... 一...就... no way 不可能 no wonder 难怪 not contain oneself 不能控制自己 now that 既然(因为)   O off campus 在校外 on account of 因为 on business 出差 on foot 步行 on one's way to 在去...的路上 on purpose 故意 on sale 减价销售 on the corner 在街角 on the whole 总体来讲 on time 按时,准时 one in a million 百里挑一 out of breath 上气不接下气 out of one's mind 发疯 out of shape 身体不好 out of stock 没有存货了 out of the question 不可能 P part-time job 兼职工作 pay a visit 参观 pay attention to注意力集中于 pay off 有回报,值得 pick up 取,接某人,买,学,好转,提速 point of view 观点 pop music 流行音乐 price tag 标价签 put down 放下来 put off 推迟 put on 播放,穿上,上演 put out 扑灭 put up 建立 put up with 忍受 R   reference book 参考书 right away 立刻,马上 run down 很累 run for 竞选职位 run out of 用完,用光了 rush hour 交通高峰期 S see off 送别 sell out 卖掉,卖光 send out 发出 set up 建立,准备 show around 四处参观 show up 出现,出席,参加 sick of 对...厌烦 sleeping bag 睡袋 sleep pill 安眠药 slow down 减速,慢下来 snack bar 快餐店 so far 到目前为止 sore throat 嗓子疼 spare time 自由时间 stay up 熬夜 step by step 逐步的,慢慢来 switch off 关掉   T take a break 休息一下 take a look at 看一下 take a picture of 拍照片 take a walk 散步 take a while 需要一会 take along 带上 take care of 照顾,照料 take down 记下来 take into account 将...考虑进去 take it easy 没着急,放松 take one's place 代替某人的位置 take over 代替 the line is busy 电话占线 the more, the better 越多越好 the other day 几天前 the sooner the better 越快越好 this is my treat 我请客 try on 试穿 turn a blind eye to 视而不见 turn a deaf ear to 充耳不闻 turn down 关小声音,拒绝 turn off 关掉 turn on 打开 turn one's back on somebody 不理睬某人 turn out 结果是,集合,出动   U under the weather 身体不舒服 used to 过去常常   W wait for 等待

wait in line 排队 wear out 穿坏(衣物) weather forecast 天气预报 what a shame! 真遗憾! What difference does it make? 有什么区别吗? word by word 逐渐的,慢慢的 work on 从事,不断工作 work out 解决,进展,证明 work overtime 加班 work schedule 工作日程   Y you bet 当然! You know that. "你听我说" You said it. 你说对了! 高中英语常见词及短语辨析 ( I )2009-10-31 19:43A1 .about around round 作副词时都含“四处”、“遍地”的意思。? about 系常用词, 如:look about四处看。around 具有 about 的基本意思, 因此 look about=look around, 但在下列短语里 around没有 about正式, 如:travel around 各处旅行round 和 around在非正式用法中可以互换, 但一般用 round时更简练。在正式用语中, 一般用 round指“旋转”, 而用 around指“处处”, “到处”, 如:She turned round at such a noise. 听到这样的吵声, 她回头看。I have been looking for it all around. 我到处都找过了。? 另外, 英国人用 round的地方, 美国人倾向于用 around, 如:[英] Winter comes round.[美] Winter comes around.2 .above all;after all;at all ?above all意为“尤其是”、“首先”、“最重要的是”,常位于句首或句中,作插入语,起强调作用。如: But above all tell me quickly what I have to do.可首先快些告诉我该做什么。 A clock must above all keeps good time.时钟最重要的是必须走得准。 ? after all意为“毕竟”、“终究”、“终归”、“到底”,在句中位置较灵活。可位于句首、句中或句末。如: After all,your birthday is only two weeks away.毕竟,两周后就是你的生日。 He is,after all,a small child.他毕竟还是个小孩子。 He failed after all.他终于失败了。 ? at all用于否定句时,意为“丝毫;根本”,用于疑问句时意为“究竟;到底”,用于条件句时,常译为“当真;实在”。用于肯定句中,表示说话人的某种情绪或情感(如怀疑或惊奇等),意为“竟然”等。如: He doesn’t like you at all.他根本不喜欢你。 Are you going to do it at all?你究竟做不做这件事? If you do it at all,do it well.若你真要做这件事,就得做好。 I was surprised at his coming at all.他竟然来了,我很惊讶。 l 3. add; add to; add…to; add up to ? add作“加,增加”解时,既可作及物动词,又可用作不及物动词;作“又说,补充说”解时,与直接或间接引语连用。如: If the tea is too strong, add some more hot water. 如果茶太浓了,再加点开水。 After a short while, he added that he would try his best. 过了一会儿,他又接着说他会尽力。 ? add to意为“增添,增加,增进”。如: The bad

weather added to our difficulties. 恶劣的天气增加了我们的困难。 ? add...to意为“把……加到……”,是把前一项加到后一项之后或之中。如: Add two to seven, and you will get nine.七加二等于九。 ? add up to意为“加起来总共是/累计得”,该短语不用于被动语态。如: All his school education added up to no more than one year. 他的学校教育加起来不过一年。 l 4 . affair; thing; matter; business? affair意为“事情、事件”, 含义较广,泛指已做或待做的事;复数affairs一般指商业事务及政府的日常事务,如财政管理、外交事务等。? thing意为“事情、事物”,不管大事小事、好事坏事均称为thing,一般不能专指事务;复数things还可作“形势”解。? matter侧重指须留心的要事或问题、难题。? business作“事务、事情”解时,一般不能用复数,常常指所指派的任务、责任;有时说的是指派的工作或商业上的买卖活动。l a great deal; a great deal of ? a great deal用作名词,意为“大量”,“许多”,作主语、宾语;用作副词,意为“很”或“非常”,作状语,修饰动词或用来强调比较级。如: A great deal has been studied and this is the best way. 经过大量研究后,这(被认为)是最好的办法。 We are a great deal cleverer than before. 我们比以前聪明多了。 ? a great deal of意为“大量的”,“非常多的”,相当于much,作定语,后接不可数名词。如: A great deal of time/money/energy has been spent on the project. 大量的时间/金钱/能源花在那个工程上了。 l 5. agree on;agree to;agree with;agree that ? agree on作“就……取得一致意见”解。例如: The building of a new car factory was agreed on last month. 上月,就建一座新汽车厂之事达成了协议。 ? agree to有两层含义和用法:ü 其一是to作为动词不定式符号,其后跟动词原形,作“同意(答应)做某事”解。例如: My father agreed to buy a new pen for me. 父亲答应给我买支新钢笔。 ü 其二是to作为介词,之后跟表示“计划/条件/建议等一类的名词或代词”。例如: They have a greed to our plan. 他们已同意我们的计划。 ? agree with作“同意某人的意见”解,其后可跟表示人的名词或代词,也可跟表示“意见”或“说的话”的名词或从句。例如: He agreed with my opinions. 他同意了我的意见。 We agreed with what he said at the meeting. 我们同意他在会上讲的话。 ? agree that作“认为……”解,其后跟宾语从句。例如: I agree that your composition is very good. 我认为你的这篇作文写得不错。 l 6. allow;let 二者均可作“允许”解,但各有侧重: ? allow重在“允许”

或“容许”,也可表示客气的请求。例如: He allowed me to take his dictionary.他允许我拿走他的词典。 Will you allow me to use your bike? 我可以用你的自行车吗? ? let作“允许”或“让”解,主要用于口语,一般可与allow互换。作“允许”解时,常暗含“听任”、“默许”之意;作“让”解时,常含“祈使”或“建议”之意。注意:let之后作宾补的不定式不带to,且不可用于被动语态,而allow则相反。例如: Please let me walk with you(=Please allow me to walk with you.).我(请允许我)跟你一起走。注:allow常用于allow sb.to do sth.或allow doing sth.结构中。 l 7. although; though; as 三者均可表示“尽管;虽然”,引导让步状语从句。although用法较正式,语气较强;though较常用;as则主要用于倒装句。它们的用法有如下几点值得注意: ? 状语从句由although, though或as引导,主句之前不可有but, and, so, however等并列连词,但可有yet或still等副词。although与though常可互换。例如: Although/Though he believes it, yet he will not act. 他虽然相信它,但却不肯有所行动。 ? as表示“尽管;虽然”,只能用于倒装句,即:将表语、状语或谓语动词放在as之前。though也可这么用。例如: Young as/though he is, he knows a lot. 他虽然年纪不大,却懂得很多。 注意:如果表语是单数名词,要省略a。例如: Child as/though he is, he can speak two foreign languages. 虽然他是个孩子,但他会说两门外语。 ? though可以放在句末,表示“但是”,although却不能。例如: They said they would come; they did not, though. 他们说他们会来,可是他们并没有来。 ? although只用来陈述“事实”,不能表示“假设”。因此可以说even though“即使”以及as though“好像(=as if)”,不能说even although或as although。例如: I believe you are on duty—even though you’re in plain clothes. 尽管你穿着便衣,我相信你是在值勤。 l 8 . among/between 这两个介词都有“在……之间”的意思。between常用于两者之间;among一般指三者或三者以上之间。若指三个以上人或物中的每两个之间时,仍然要用between。 例如:The girl walked between her father and mother.这个女孩走在她父亲和母亲之间。 She is the tallest among her classmates.她在她同学之间是最高的。 Switzerland lies between France,Italy,Austria and Germany.瑞士位于法国、意大利、奥地利和德国之间。 l 9. argue debate dispute 都含“辩论”的意思。? argue 着重“说理”、“论证”和“企图说服”, 如:I argued with her for a long time, but she refused to listen to reason. 我和她辩论了好久, 但她还是不听。? debate 着重“双方各

述己见”, 内含“交锋”的意思, 如:We have been debating about the issue. 我们一直在就这个问题进行辩论。? dispute 指“激烈争辩”, 含有“相持不下”或“未得解决”之意,如:Whether he will be elected as chairman is still disputed.他是否当选为主席, 仍然有争论。l 10 argue;quarrel;discuss 这三个动词均有“争”的意思,但“争”法不同。 ? argue着重就自己的看法或观点,提出论证,同他人“争论”或“辩论”。例如: We heard them arguing in the other room.我们听见他们在另一个房间里争论。 另外,argue同with搭配,其后接人;与about连用,其后接事物。例如: We argued with them about this problem for a long time.这个问题我们同他们辩论了很长时间。 ? quarrel是指对某事不喜欢或强烈不满而发生的“争吵”或“吵架”。同with搭配,其后接某人;和about连用,其后接某事。例如: He often quarrels about their housework with his wife.他常为家务事同妻子争吵。 ? discuss是指认真交换自己的意见或看法的“讨论”。例如: We'll discuss the use of the articles tomorrow.明天我们将讨论冠词的用法。 l11 as (so) far as; as (so) long as ? as(so)far as的意思是“就……而言(所知)”,as (so) far as sth.is concerned是其中一种具体用法,意为“就某事而言”;as (so) long as意为“只要”,引导条件状语从句。如:As far as I know, more than 10 million laid-off workers have found their new jobs. 就我所知,一千多万下岗工人已经找到了新的工作。There is nothing that we can’t do so / as long as we keep on trying to do it. 只要我们不断地努力去做,就没有什么事干不成。As far as the tourism of China is concerned, there is a long way to go.就中国的旅游业而言,需要做的工作还很多。l 12 asleep/sleeping 二者都是形容词。asleep仅用作表语,不能作定语,表示“睡着,熟睡”的意思;而sleeping一般只能用作定语,放在名词前,表示“睡眠中的,休止的”意思。 如:我们不能说:an asleep baby,但可以说:a sleeping baby(一个熟睡的婴儿)。 再如:He was asleep with his head on his arms.他头枕着手臂在熟睡。 asleeping dog正在熟睡的狗 sleeping car卧车 sleeping bag睡袋 l 13 assert,affirm,maintain ? assert宣称、断言,常指某人主观自信,坚持己见,有时不顾客观事实而断言下结论。? affirm指以事实为依据,深信不疑地肯定某种观点或看法。? maintain指在相反的证据或论点面前,重申原来的某种观点、立场。 A.Despite all the policeman’s questions the suspect ___ that he had been at home all evening. B.It is nonsense to ___ that smoking does not damage people’s health. C.Th

roughout his prison sentence Dunn has always ___ his innocence. Answers:A. affirmed B. assert C. maintained l 14 as though;even though;though ? as though(=as if),意为“好像;似乎”,引导方式状语从句或表语从句。如: He spoke as though(as if)he had been here before.他说话的口气好像他以前来过这里。 It looks as if(as though)it is going to rain.看起来好像要下雨。 ? even though(=even if),意为“即使”,引导让步状语从句。though也引导让步状语从句,意为“虽然”;even though有退一步设想的意味,与though不同。though引导的句子所说的是事实,even though引导的句子所说的则不一定是事实。例如: He will not tell the secret even though(even if)he knows it.即使他知道这个秘密,他也不肯说出来。 He will not tell the secret though he knows it.他虽然知道这个秘密,但他不会说出来。 l15 at the beginning;in the beginning ? at the beginning 在……初;在……开始的时候。常与of连用。例如: Students usually have a study plan at the beginning of term. 学生们在开学初制定学习计划。 ? in the beginning 相当于at first,表示“起初、开始”时,含“起初是这种情况,而后来却不是这种情况”之意,不与of连用。例如: In the beginning,some of us took no interest in physics. 起初我们有些人对物理不感兴趣。 l 16 attack assail assault charge beset ? 都含有"攻击"的意思。? attack 是常用词, 指"攻击敌人"或"用言论攻击他人", 如:Germany began to attack the Soviet Union in 1941. 德国在19xx年开始进攻苏联。? assail 指"猛烈连续地攻击", 如:The enemy plane assailed our defence position. 敌机不断猛烈地攻击我们的阵地。? assault 语气比 assail强, 指"突然猛烈地进攻", 暗示"武力的直接接触" (如肉搏等), 也有"暴力"的意思, 如:The enemy assaulted us at dawn. 敌人在黎明时向我进攻。? charge 指"冲击"或"骑兵的突然攻击", 如:The cavalry charged to the front. 骑兵猛烈向前线冲击。? beset 指"围攻", 即从各个方向攻击, 如:In the swamp we were beset by mosquitoes. 在沼泽地里, 我们受到蚊子的围攻。l 17 at the age of/by the age of ? at the age of表示“在……岁时”,后面接基数词,强调某一时刻的情况或动作,用于一般过去时,作时间状语。例如: At the age of six,he began to learn English.他六岁的时候开始学英语。 She learned to play the piano at the age often.她十岁的时候学弹钢琴。 ? by the age of表示“到……岁的时候”、“在……岁以前”,后面接基数词,强调到某一时刻为止的结果,用于过去完成时或将来完成时,作时间状语。例如: By the age of sixteen,he had learned to drive a car.到十

六岁的时候,他已经学会了开小汽车。 You will have learned more than 2000 English words by the age of fourteen. 到你十四岁的时候,你将学会2000多个英语单词。 l 18 at the time; at that time; at one time; at a time ? at the time通常用于过去时句子中,指某件事情发生的“当时”、“那时”。例如: Many people saw the strange thing happen at the time. 当时,许多人都看到了这件奇怪的事情的发生。 ? 有时,at the time的后面可接“of...”短语。这时,它表示“在(某事态)发生的时候”或“在……的时代”。例如: Were you in San Francisco at the time of the big earth quake in 1989﹖ 19xx年旧金山发生地震时,你在那里吗? It happened at the time of King Alfred. 事情发生在阿尔弗雷德国王时期。 ? at that time 则通常指前文明确提到的某个时期、时候。通常其后不带“of...”短语。例如: In the 17th century much corn was grown in Tibet and Sichuan.At that time(=At the 17th century) the land along the Changjiang River was becoming very crowded. ? at one time=during a period of time in the past意为“过去有一段时期”,“曾经”。例如: They used to be good friends at one time. 他们曾经是好朋友。 ? at a time则意为“一次”,表示一个时间单位。它常与表示数量的词语连用,表示频率。例如: Don’t speak all at once.One at a time, please. 不要同时一起说。一次只一个人说。 Take the medicine three times a day and three pieces at a time. 这些药每天服三次,每次服三粒。 l 19 at ... speed / with ... speed? at the speed of或者at ... speed,意为“以……的速度”。而当speed被all, lightning, great等修饰时,介词应用with。我们可用一句口诀来帮助记忆:都(all)以闪电般(lightning)大(great)的速度行驶。如:Our car was running with all speed on the expressway. 我们的车在高速公路上全速行驶。The Long March No.2 Rocket sent up the satellite into space at the speed of 11.2 kilometers per second. 长征二号火箭以每秒钟11.2公里的速度将卫星发射到太空。B20 because/since/as/for? 这四个词都是表示原因或理由的连接词,但是as,because,since是从属连词,引导原因状语从句,for是并列连词,所引导的不是原因状语从句,而是表示理由的对等句子,是对前面所讲内容补充和说明。在语气上由强至弱依次为because→since→as→for。because引导的从句多置于句末,表示直接的原因或理由,表示产生那种结果的必然的因果关系,在回答why的提问时,必须用because作答。 如:We stayed at home because it rained.因为下雨我们呆在家里。 ? as与since引导的从句多置于句首,不过as表示十分

明显的原因,只说明一般的因果关系,可译为“因为、由于”;而since则表示稍加分析、对方已知的原因,一般可译为“既然”。如: As he was not feeling well,I decided to go there alone.由于他身体欠佳,我决定独自去那里。 Since everyone is here,let's start.既然大家都到了,咱们就开始吧。 ? for引导的从句一般放在句末,其前用逗号,它所叙述的理由是间接的,即推测性理由,或是对前面叙述的事实或看法的补充说明。如: There must be nobody in the classroom,for the light is off.教室里一定没有人,因为灯灭了。(推测性理由) l believe;believe in ? believe作及物动词时,其后可跟名词,表示“相信”;后接从句或复合宾语时,表示“认为;料想;相信”等。如: I believe what he says.我相信他的话。 I believe that he will succeed.我相信他会成功的。 ? believe in 是一个动介型短语动词,表示“信奉;信仰”(指对某种思想、主张、观念、行动具有信心)和“信任(have trust in)”。如: They believe in God.他们信仰上帝。 I believe in having plenty of exercise.我相信多锻炼有好处。 ? believe和believe in后均可接表示人的名词或代词,但含义不同。试比较: I believe in him(I think he is a frustworthy man).我信任他。 I believe him.(I believe what he says).我相信他的话。 l 21 belief faith trust confidence 都含有“相信”的意思。? belief 指“承认某事是真的, 尽管有或没有确凿的证据”, 如:belief in ghosts. 相信有鬼。? faith 指“认为有确凿证据或道理而完全相信”, 如:I have faith in his ability to succeed. 我相信他有成功的能力。? trust 指“信赖”、“信任”, 含有“坚定的信念”的意思, 如:enjoy the trust of the people 得到人民的信任。? confidence 指“在有证据的基础上相信”, 也常指“自信”、“有把握”, 如:She has great confidence in her success. 她对自己的成功充满信心。l 22 besides;except;but ? 三者都可以用作介词。用于肯定句中时,except/but意为“除……外(不再有)”;besides意为“除……外(还有)”。请比较: All of them have seen the film except/but Wu Dong. 除了吴东外,他们都看过了那部影片。 All of them have seen the film besides Wu Dong. 除了吴东看过那部影片外,他们也都看过了。 ? except后接名词、代词、-ing或不定式时,可以与but互换;except后接副词、介词短语时,一般不能为but所替换。如:I’ll do everything except/but cook. 除了做饭,我什么事情都干。 This window is never opened except in summer. 除了在夏天,这个窗子从不打开。 ? 用在否定句中,三者可以互换。如: Ther

e aren’t any other people to do the work except/but/besides you. 除了你,没人能做这工作。 l 23 be anxious to; be anxious for; be anxious about ;be anxious that? be anxious to表示“急于”、“渴望”,其中to是不定式符号,后面接动词原形; ? be anxious for表示“渴望”,后面接名词或代词时,强调渴望得到某物或渴望了解某事;后面接sb.to do sth.时,表示“渴望某人能做某事”,其中for sb.to do sth.是不定式复合结构。 ? be anxious about 表示“对…感到不安”、“为…担心”、“为…忧虑”;? be anxious that表示“渴望”,后面接从句,that从句的谓语动词须用虚拟语气; [EXERCISES]①I ____ the result of the examination. ②We ____ know the result of the examination. ③We ____ Mr Liu to help us with our English. ④Mr Li ____ a new car. ⑤They ____ arrive home before dark.(Key: ①am anxious about/for ②are anxious to ③are anxious for ④is anxious for ⑤are anxious to)1) The girl ____ a new dictionary. 2) All the students ____ their results of this examination. 3) Everyone _____ know their results of the competition. 4) We ___Mr Zhao to return. 5) We _____ she should do her best. Key: 1) was/is anxious for 2) are anxious about 3) is anxious to 4)are anxious for 5) are anxious thatl be known as; be known for; be known to; be known in ? be known as 意为“作为……而著名”,其后的名词表示一个人的身份、职业等。如: Liu Huan is known as a singer.刘欢作为一个歌手而出名。 We’re sure you’ll be well-known as an artist.我们相信你会成为一位著名的画家。 ? be known for 意为“因……而著名”,其后所接内容表示某人或物的特点、特长等。如: Guilin is known for her beautiful mountains and rivers.桂林因其美丽的山水而闻名。 Mr Geldof is well-known for organizing two big pop concerts on the same day. 盖尔多夫先生因在同一天组织两场大型的流行音乐会而出名。 ? be known to “为……所了解/知道”,其后接表示人的词语。“(人们都)知道”,其后接动词原形。如: He is known to all in our village.村子里的人都了解他。 He was known to have invented many things.=It was known that he had invented many things.人们都知道他已经发明了很多东西。 ? be known in 意为“在某地很著名”。如: He is well-known in the town where he was born. 他在自己出生的那个镇子上很出名。 l24 be made of/be made in/be made from/be made by/be made up of ? be made of表示“由……制成”,指从原料到制成品,只发生了形状变化,没有发生本质变化(属物理变化)。 ? be made in当后面接时间的数词或

名词时,表示“某物何时制造的或何时产的”。当后面接指地点的名词时,表示“某地产某物”。 ? be made from表示“由……制成”,指从原料到制成品,发生了质的变化,已无法复原(属化学变化)。 ? be made by表示“由……制做”,后面接指人的名词或代词,强调动作的执行者。 ? be made up of表示“由……构成(组成)”,强调主语由两部分或两个以上的部分构成或组成。 【练习】用be made in,be made of,be made from,be made by或be made up of填空。 ①This bike Tianjin. ②This table wood. ③The car 1999. ④Paper wood. ⑤The kite my mother. ⑥The team ten members. 【Keys】was made in; is made of ;was made in ;is made from;was made by;is made up ofl高中英语常见词及短语辨析( II )2009-10-31 19:4025.be used for/be used as/be used by ? be used for表示“被用作……”或“被用来作……”,后面接名词或v-ing,其中for表示目的。 ? be used as表示“作为……而用”或“用作……”,后面接名词或动词不定式,强调使用的工具及手段。 ? be used by表示“由……使用”,后面接指人的名词或代词,强调使用者。 【练习】用be used for,be used as或be used by填空。 ①A telephone better communication(交流). ②The motorbike Liu Ming. ③A ruler often a knife by him to cut a piece of paper open. 【Keys】is used for;is used by;is,used as26. be pleased with; be pleased at(或about);be pleased to 1) The manager ___ you before. 2) My boss must ___ see you again in HongKong. 3) I ___ seeing so many students present. 4) I hear Mr Zhao ___ your article.析: ①was pleased with。表示“对……满意;喜欢……”后面通常接指人的名词或代词。 ②be pleased to。表示“很高兴或很乐意做某事”,其中to是不定式符号,后面接动词原形。 ③am pleased at(或about)。be pleased at(或about)表示“对(看到或听到的)事感到高兴,”后面接指事的名词或v-ing。 ④is pleased at(或about)。解析同③。 l 27. be to do sth;be about to do sth;be going to do sth. ? be to do sth.表示按计划或安排即将发生的动作,后可跟时间状语。如: You're to hand in your papers by 10 o'clock.十点钟以前你得交上试卷。 ? be about to do sth.表示打算或安排即将发生的动作,它通常不与时间状语连用。如: I was about to go out when someone knocked at the door.我正要出去,这时有人敲门。 ? be going to do sth.有三层含义: ①表示打算、计划或决定要做某事。如: We're going to spend our holidays in Wales this year. 今年我们打算到威尔士度假。 ②用以表示某事物即将发生或很可能发生。如: I'm going to be twenty next month. 下

个月我就二十岁了。 ③有迹象表明即将发生的动作或状态。如: Look at those black clouds, there is going to be a storm. 瞧那些乌云,暴风雨就要来了。 l28 beat; strike; hit? strike通常表示“打一下、打若干下”,不一定都是有意的;还有“打动、使……着迷、某种想法突然闪现在脑海里”的含义;也可指“打、擦出(火),(蛇、兽)抓,咬,或(钟)敲响”。? hit指“打中”或“对准……来打”,“敲打或打击对方的某一点”。? beat着重“连续地打击”。如:殴打或体罚;也指在游戏、竞赛或战争中击败对方;也指“心跳”。l29 blame; scold blame“责备;责怪”,指某人应对自己不好的行为负责(常与for连用),或将某件不好的事情归咎于他人(常与on或upon连用),往往含有把自己当作评判人来评判某事,没有用言语来进行责骂的意思。例如: He blamed Tom for the failure. 他责怪汤姆造成了失败。 Don't blame it on him, but on me. 别怪他,该怪我。 ? scold“责骂”,指唠唠叨叨地数说某人,多用于上级对下级、长辈对晚辈的“责骂”。例如: Don't scold the child.It's not his fault. 不要责骂那孩子,这不是他的过失。 I hate to scold, son, but you mustn't stay out so late at night. 我不喜欢斥责,孩子,可你不该呆在外面那么晚不回家。 l30 blow down; blow in; blow off; blow over ? blow down表示“吹倒”、“刮倒”;blow in表示“吹进”、“吹入”;blow off表示“吹掉”、“炸掉”、“发泄”;blow over表示“暴风雨 吹散”、“过去”、“结束”。 [EXERCISES] 1) The high winds yesterday _____ thousands of trees. 2) We sometimes had quarrels, but they soon _____. 3) I had my hat ____ by the wind. 4) A lot of dust ____.You must clear it away. Key: 1) blew down 2) blew over 3) blown off 4) has blown in 31 . break up; break down; break out; break into; break in; break away; break through ? break up表示“打碎”、“变坏”、“分解”、“终止”、“破裂”。 ? break down表示“瓦解”、“分解”、“失败”、“出故障”、“破坏”、“拆毁”。 ? break out表示“爆发”、“突然发生”。 ? break into表示“强行进入”、“闯入”、“破门而入”、“打断(谈话、讨论)”、“突然……起来”。 ? break in表示“闯入”、“打断”、“插嘴”,其中in是副词。 ? break away表示“脱逃”、“脱离”、“突然离开”、“革除”、“戒除”,常与from连用。 ? break through表示“战胜”、“突围”、“穿过……而出现”、“突破”。 [练] ①He said his computer _____. ②Those old cars will be ____ for scrap(废铁). ③Last nigh

t somebody ____ Mr Brown's house and took away many things. ④A fire ____ after we had gone home. ⑤The boy often ____ while his parents are speaking. ⑥You must ____ from bad habits. ⑦After the heavy rain the sun ____ the clouds. ⑧A thief ____ and stole a lot of things last night. ⑨Tom ____the motor bike which he bought five years ago. ⑩The ice began to ____ on the river. (Key:①had broken down ②broken up ③broke into ④broke out ⑤breaks in ⑥break away ⑦broke through ⑧broke in ⑨broke down ⑩break up) l bring on;bring in;bring out ? bring on 使发生;引起;端上(饭菜)。如: Tom often brings on meals and his brother,Jim picks up the dishes after meals. 汤姆常常端上饭菜,(而)他弟弟吉姆饭后收拾碗碟。 The sudden cold weather brought on his cold again. 天气突然变冷,使他再次感冒。 ? bring in 引来;引进;吸收。如: His new business brings in 1,000 dollars. 他的新生意使他赚了一千美元。 We also brought in some words from English. 我们也从英语中吸收了一些词汇。 ? bring out 取出;说出;阐明;出版。如:He brought out his gun and pointed at me.他掏出枪来指着我。 Bring out the meaning more clearly.请把意思讲清楚些。 They have brought out a set of children’s books.他们出版了一套儿童读物。 l32 bring down; bring back; bring up; bring in ? bring down表示“使倒下”、“减少”、“降低(价格、温度)”;? bring back表示“使回想起”、“归还”、“带回来”;? bring up表示“呕吐出”、“养育”;? bring in表示“把......引进来”、“赚入”、“获利”、“把......拿进来”、“吸收”。 [EXERCISES] 1) Her singing _____ memories of my mother. 2) They also ____ some words from their own languages. 3) The wind ____ a number of trees. 4) He _____ all he had eaten. 5) Can you try to get them to ____ the price﹖ 6) All library books must be ____ before June 25. 7) Mr White ____ $500 a week. 8) You must manage to _____ the temperature. Key: 1) brings back 2) brought in 3) brought down 4) brought up 5) bring down 6) brought back 7) is bringing in 8) bring down l33 broad; wide? 两者都表示两边或两点之间的距离都有“宽的”之意, 但broad着重某物覆盖面的范围 (如肩、背、胸等的宽),还可表示“宽宏大量”;wide着重指边沿间相隔的距离以及“广泛”之意。如:Looking at the new-type camera, the young man with broad shoulders was surprised with his mouth wide open.看着那个新型相机,那个肩宽背阔的年轻人惊奇得张大了嘴巴。He’s a broad-minded person; he’ll never be disappointed by such

a small failure. 他是个心胸宽广的人;决不会因为那么一次小小的失败而感到失望。34 but/however? 这两个连词都有“但是,可是,然而”之意。but连接两个分句或有关部分,表示转折或逻辑上的对比关系,使用最广,口语中更为常见。如: We love peace but we are not afraid of war.我们热爱和平,但我们并不害怕战争。 ? however转折意味比but弱,连接的两个分句或有关部分的关系较为松弛,后一部分常起附带说明或衬托作用。however常以插入语形式出现在句子中间,前后用逗号隔开,也可置于句首或句末。如: Later,however,he decided to go.可是后来他决定去了。 l 35 by oneself;oneself ? by oneself=alone,without help。强调“在无他人或他物的情况下”或“无帮助的情况下”;? oneself作同位语,表示强调本人。试比较: If you come to my house,I’ll cook for you myself. 如果你来我家,我将亲自下厨。(强调亲手为你做饭) Can you cook by yourself now? 你现在能单独做饭了吗?(强调无他人协作) 36 by sea;by the sea ? by sea意为“走海路;坐轮船”,其中by表示乘坐交通工具或行走方式,by与名词间不可用冠词;by the sea意为“在海边”,其中by表示“在……旁边”,by与后面的名词间常有冠词修饰。如: They will go to America by sea. 他们将坐轮船去美国。 There is a small village by the sea.海边有个小村庄。 请比较下面类似有这样区别的短语: by ship 乘船 by a ship 在一艘轮船旁边 by land 从陆路 by the land 在岸边(在陆地旁边) by taxi 乘出租车 by the taxi 在出租车旁边 by road 从陆路 by the road 在路边 C37 catch sb.doing sth; be (get) caught in sth. ? catch sb.doing sth.作“碰(遇)上某人正在做某事”解。例如: The policeman caught two men fighting in the street.警察碰见两个人在街上打架。 The man was caught stealing the apples.那人偷苹果时,被当场发现。 ? be (get) caught in sth.“遇上……而受阻”之意。例如: I got caught in the traffic.我因交通堵塞而受阻。 I was caught in a storm on my way to school.我在去学校的路上遇到了暴雨。 l 38 care about; care for; care; care to ? care about“关心;计较;在乎”,指由于某事重要,或因责任所在而关心计较,一般用于否定句。如: He doesn't care about his clothes.他不讲究衣着。 I don't care about going there.去不去那里,我无所谓。 ? care for“关心;照料;喜欢;愿意”。作“关心;照料”讲,一般用于肯定句或疑问句。如: Who will care for your children when you are away﹖ 你离开期间谁照顾你的孩子? How the Party cares for us! 党是多么关心我们啊! Would you care for

a walk? 你愿意去散步吗? He cares more for fine new clothes than for anything else. 他喜爱漂亮的新衣胜于其他的一切。 ? care还可作及物动词,但其后通常接从句。如: I don't care who you are.我不管你是谁。 I don't care what you say.不论你说什么,我都不在乎。 ? care to“愿意,欲望”,后接动词原形。如: I don’t care to go there.我不愿意去那里。 l39 carry off; carry away; carry out ? 表示“运走”;“掠走”,用carry off或carry away均可。但两者也有不同之处:carry off可表示“夺得”某种奖赏;carry away可表示“吸引住”。如: After destroying the village, the enemy carried off/away all the cattle. 在毁掉村子之后,敌人把牲畜都掠走了。 I carried off the first prize.我获得了头等奖。 We were carried away by her songs.她的歌声令我们浑然忘我。 ? carry out的意思是“搬出(某物)”;“履行(计划或义务等)”。如: Would you please carry out the desk into the garden﹖ 请你把桌子搬到花园里去好吗? You must carry out your duty. 你必须履行你的职责。 40 carry out; carry on? 注意两者的区别:carry out意为“执行、实行”;carry on表示“(继续)进行、进行下去”,强调坚持。如:The group of soldiers carried out a secret military action the other day. 几天前,这群士兵执行了一次秘密的军事行动。Comrades in Germany were carrying on a heroic fight against war under conditions of fascism at that time. 那时,在德国的同志正在法西斯的统治区进行一场英勇的反战斗争。41 cause; reason; excuse ? cause意为“起因”、“原因”,指引起某种结果的必然原因,即主要事实方面的原因,常和effect连用,表示因果关系。如: I don’t know the cause and effect.我不知道此事的前因后果。 The cause of the fire was carelessness.失火的原因是粗心大意。 ? reason意为“理由”、“原因”,指用以解释某些已发生的事情的理由或借口,这种理由可能是也可能不是真正的理由,强调逻辑推理方面的理由。如: There are many reasons for animals dying out.动物的绝种有许多原因。 Tell us your reason for changing the plan.告诉我们你改变计划的原因。 ? excuse指为免受指责和推卸责任而找的“理由”、“原因”也就是我们常说的“借口”。如: Too much work is no excuse for absence.工作太忙不能成为缺席的理由。 I haven’t done the work well,my excuse is that I have been ill. 我没把工作做好,我的理由是我病了。 l 42 cheer/greet/welcome? cheer意为“欢呼”,侧重表示高声呼叫以示欢迎,强调气氛的活跃,常含鼓励之意。如: The boys cheered their football team.孩子们为他们的足球队喝彩。? greet表示

用语言、行动等“迎接”,常含“友好、热情、亲切”之意。如: We greeted our guests at the gate. 我们在大门口迎接客人。? welcome常表示“欢迎新人、新事、新主张”等。如: We welcome the new ideas. 我们欢迎新思想。 l 43 clear away, clear up, clear off ? clear away表示“清除掉”、“收拾掉”、“散掉”、“消散”;clear up表示“露出(喜色)”、“(天气)放晴”、“清理”、“整理”;clear off表示“走开”、“离开”。 [EXERCISES] 1) We must ____ such ideas among ourselves. 2) She ____ her desk before she moved to another school. 3) The sky looks as if it would ____ soon. 4) ____ before I call the police. 5) His face ____ when he read the letter. Key: 1) clear away 2) cleared up 3) clear up 4) Clear off 5) cleared up l 44 close;closely ? close, closely这两个词都可以用作副词,close表示“靠近”、“紧紧地”,closely则表示“紧密地”、“严密地”、“密切地”。如: 1) I went closer, and saw clearly a tall man in the moonlight. 2) Come close, I want to tell you something important. 3) The policeman followed the strange man closely. 4) The scientists got closely in touch with the astronauts. l 45 come up; come on; come out? come up常表示位置“上升”;从水中或 土中“冒出”;芽苗等“长出”;“引起注意、被提出”等。如:The seeds haven’t come up. 种子还没发芽。Your question came up at the meeting.你的问题在会上被提出来讨论。? come on 常用来催促别人,意为“加油、加快”,也可表示“来临、袭击”。如:I can feel a headache coming on.我觉得头痛了。? come out常表秘密等“传出、被获悉”,书籍等的“出版”;“结果是”。如:When will her new book come out﹖ 她的新书什么时候出版?The answer to the math problem came out wrong. 这道数学题的结果错了。l 46 complete; finish ? finish是普通用语,用得比较广泛,可作及物动词或不及物动词,多用来指“完成”一项任务或活动,后面可接名词、代词或-ing,不接不定式。例如: Have you finished your work﹖ 你的工作完成了吗? He finished writing the letter last night.这封信他是昨晚完成的。 ? complete一般用作及物动词,用法较正式,通常用来表示完成某个计划、理想、事业、工程、建筑、书籍及作品等,后面可接名词或代词,不接-ing或不定式。例如: He’s never completed a project on time. 他从未按时完成过计划。 The bridge is not completed yet. 这座桥至今尚未完工。 ? 表示完成学业、精细的工作、吃完某物及在被动结构中表示“一切都完了;没希望了”等意时,均用finish。例如: He finished school in 1991

. 他19xx年从学校毕业。 The wood-work is beautifully finished. 这件木器做得很精细。 注意:complete a book的意思是“写完一本书”;finish a book意为“看完一本书”。 l 47 common ordinary general 都含“普通的”意思。? common强调“常见的”、“ 不足为奇的”, 如:Colds are common in winter.感冒在冬天很常见。? ordinary强调“平常的”、“平淡无奇的”, 如:His ordinary supper consists of only bread and milk. 他通常的晚餐不过是面包和牛奶。? general意为“普遍的”、“一般的”, 如:This book is intended for the general reader, not for the specialist. 这本书是为一般读者写的, 不是为专家写的。? normal指“正常的”、“正规的”、“常态的”, 如:the normal temperature of the human body 人的正常体温l 48 compare…with; compar…to; compared with/to ? compare…with意为“把……与……相比”,侧重指两者间的区别。如:Compare this car with that one, and you will find the differences between them. 把这辆汽车与那辆汽车相比较,你就会发现它们之间的区别。 ? compare…to…意为“把……比作……”,着重注意两者间的相似点。如: This song compares our country to a big family.这首歌把我们的国家比作一个大家庭。 ? compare既可以单独用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作不及物动词时,以compare with…形式出现,表示“与……相比”。如: Living here can’t compare with living in Shanghai.在这儿生活不能和在上海(生活)相比。 If you compare the two words, you can tell the difference between them.如果你比较这两个单词,你就会辨别出它们之间的不同。 ? compared with…和compared to…都可用作状语,意义基本相同,可互换。如: Compared to/with him, you are lucky. 与他相比,你是幸运的。 It was a small town then, compared to/with what it is now. 和现在比起来,那时它还是个小镇。 l 49 cover; interview ? 两者都可用作动词,意为“采访”,cover的宾语是事情;interview的宾语是人。如: Reporters are then sent to cover the events.然后记者们就被派去采访这些事件。 He interviewed five people in the morning.他上午采访了五个人。 l 50 country; nation; state; land ? country意为“国家;国土”,侧重指版图;疆域。如: China is a great country with a long history.中国是一个历史悠久的伟大国家。 注意:country含义广泛,适合各种文体,也可代替本组中的任何一个词,有时作“祖国”解,带有感情色彩。如: After many years abroad, he wanted to return to his country.在国外呆了多年后,他想回到自己的祖国。 Some parts of this country (land) are much warmer than others

.该国某些地区的气候较其他地区温暖得多。 ? nation意为“民族;国家”,侧重指人民;国民;民族。如: The whole nation was in deep sorrow at this news.听到这一噩耗,全国人民悲痛万分。 注意:在国际交往等正式场合,nation语体庄重,比country常用。如: the United Nations (UN) 联合国 the law of nations 国际公法 a most favored nation 最惠国 Trade between nations is much better than war.国与国之间进行贸易往来比兵戎相见好得多。 ? state意为“国家;政府”,侧重指政权;政体。如: In our country, railways are state-owned. 在我国铁路为国家所有。? land意为“国土;国家”,带有感情色彩,多用于文学作品中。如: This is my native land.I’ll defend it with my life! 这是我的祖国,我要用自己的生命保卫她! l cross; across; crossing ? cross作动词用时,意思是“横过”。如: They are crossing the river. 他们正在过河。 The idea has just crossed my mind. 这个主意是我刚才想到的。 cross作名词用时,指“十字形的东西”。 ? across可作介词或副词,意为“横穿,横过”。如: They pushed the cart across the bridge. 他们推着车过桥。 The post office is across the street.邮局在街道对面。 ? crossing意为“横穿,交叉,十字路口,人行横道”。如: They are standing at a crossing.他们正站在十字路口。高中英语必修1~5的短语A * about around round 作副词时都含“四处”、“遍地”的意思。 > about 系常用词, 如: look about 四处看。 > around 具有 about 的基本意思, 因此 look about=look around, 但在下列短语里 around没有 about正式, 如: travel around 各处旅行 > round 和 around在非正式用法中可以互换, 但一般用 round时更简练。在正式用语中, 一般用 round指“旋转”, 而用 around指“处处”, “到处”, 如: She turned round at such a noise. 听到这样的吵声, 她回头看。 I have been looking for it all around. 我到处都找过了。 > 另外, 英国人用 round的地方, 美国人倾向于用 around, 如: [英] Winter comes round. [美] Winter comes around. * above all;after all;at all > above all意为“尤其是”、“首先”、“最重要的是”,常位于句首或句中,作插入语,起强调作用。如: But above all tell me quickly what I have to do.可首先快些告诉我该做什么。 A clock must above all keeps good time.时钟最重要的是必须走得准。 > after all意为“毕竟”、“终究”、“终归”、“到底”,在句中位置较灵活。可位于句首、句中或句末。如: After all,your birthday is only two weeks away.毕竟,两周后就是你的生日。 He is,after all,a small child.他毕竟还是个小孩子。

He failed after all.他终于失败了。 > at all用于否定句时,意为“丝毫;根本”,用于疑问句时意为“究竟;到底”,用于条件句时,常译为“当真;实在”。用于肯定句中,表示说话人的某种情绪或情感(如怀疑或惊奇等),意为“竟然”等。如: He doesn’t like you at all.他根本不喜欢你。 Are you going to do it at all?你究竟做不做这件事? If you do it at all,do it well.若你真要做这件事,就得做好。 I was surprised at his coming at all.他竟然来了,我很惊讶。 * add; add to; add…to; add up to > add作“加,增加”解时,既可作及物动词,又可用作不及物动词;作“又说,补充说”解时,与直接或间接引语连用。如: If the tea is too strong, add some more hot water. 如果茶太浓了,再加点开水。 After a short while, he added that he would try his best. 过了一会儿,他又接着说他会尽力。 > add to意为“增添,增加,增进”。如: The bad weather added to our difficulties. 恶劣的天气增加了我们的困难。 > add...to意为“把……加到……”,是把前一项加到后一项之后或之中。如: Add two to seven, and you will get nine.七加二等于九。 > add up to意为“加起来总共是/累计得”,该短语不用于被动语态。如: All his school education added up to no more than one year. 他的学校教育加起来不过一年。 * affair; thing; matter; business > affair意为“事情、事件”, 含义较广,泛指已做或待做的事;复数affairs一般指商业事务及政府的日常事务,如财政管理、外交事务等。 > thing意为“事情、事物”,不管大事小事、好事坏事均称为thing,一般不能专指事务;复数things还可作“形势”解。 > matter侧重指须留心的要事或问题、难题。 > business作“事务、事情”解时,一般不能用复数,常常指所指派的任务、责任;有时说的是指派的工作或商业上的买卖活动。 * a great deal; a great deal of > a great deal用作名词,意为“大量”,“许多”,作主语、宾语;用作副词,意为“很”或“非常”,作状语,修饰动词或用来强调比较级。如: A great deal has been studied and this is the best way. 经过大量研究后,这(被认为)是最好的办法。 We are a great deal cleverer than before. 我们比以前聪明多了。 > a great deal of意为“大量的”,“非常多的”,相当于much,作定语,后接不可数名词。如: A great deal of time/money/energy has been spent on the project. 大量的时间/金钱/能源花在那个工程上了。 * agree on;agree to;agree with;agree that > agree on作“就……取得一致意见”解。例如: The building of a new car factory was agree

d on last month. 上月,就建一座新汽车厂之事达成了协议。 > agree to有两层含义和用法: * 其一是to作为动词不定式符号,其后跟动词原形,作“同意(答应)做某事”解。 例如: My father agreed to buy a new pen for me. 父亲答应给我买支新钢笔。 * 其二是to作为介词,之后跟表示“计划/条件/建议等一类的名词或代词”。例如: They have a greed to our plan. 他们已同意我们的计划。 > agree with作“同意某人的意见”解,其后可跟表示人的名词或代词,也可跟表示“意见”或“说的话”的名词或从句。例如: He agreed with my opinions. 他同意了我的意见。 We agreed with what he said at the meeting. 我们同意他在会上讲的话。 > agree that作“认为……”解,其后跟宾语从句。例如: I agree that your composition is very good. 我认为你的这篇作文写得不错。 * allow;let 二者均可作“允许”解,但各有侧重: > allow重在“允许”或“容许”,也可表示客气的请求。例如: He allowed me to take his dictionary.他允许我拿走他的词典。 Will you allow me to use your bike? 我可以用你的自行车吗? > let作“允许”或“让”解,主要用于口语,一般可与allow互换。作“允许”解时,常暗含“听任”、“默许”之意;作“让”解时,常含“祈使”或“建议”之意。 注意:let之后作宾补的不定式不带to,且不可用于被动语态,而allow则相反。例如: Please let me walk with you(=Please allow me to walk with you.).我(请允许我)跟你一起走。 注:allow常用于allow sb.to do sth.或allow doing sth.结构中。 * although; though; as 三者均可表示“尽管;虽然”,引导让步状语从句。although用法较正式,语气较强;though较常用;as则主要用于倒装句。它们的用法有如下几点值得注意: > 状语从句由although, though或as引导,主句之前不可有but, and, so, however等并列连词,但可有yet或still等副词。although与though常可互换。例如: Although/Though he believes it, yet he will not act. 他虽然相信它,但却不肯有所行动。 > as表示“尽管;虽然”,只能用于倒装句,即:将表语、状语或谓语动词放在as之前。though也可这么用。例如: Young as/though he is, he knows a lot. 他虽然年纪不大,却懂得很多。 注意:如果表语是单数名词,要省略a。例如: Child as/though he is, he can speak two foreign languages. 虽然他是个孩子,但他会说两门外语。 > though可以放在句末,表示“但是”,although却不能。例如: They said they would come; they did not, though. 他们说他们会来,可是他们并没有来。 > although只用来陈述“事实”,不能表

示“假设”。因此可以说even though“即使”以及as though“好像(=as if)”,不能说even although或as although。例如: I believe you are on duty—even though you’re in plain clothes. 尽管你穿着便衣,我相信你是在值勤。 * among/between 这两个介词都有“在……之间”的意思。between常用于两者之间;among一般指三者或三者以上之间。若指三个以上人或物中的每两个之间时,仍然要用between。 例如:The girl walked between her father and mother.这个女孩走在她父亲和母亲之间。 She is the tallest among her classmates.她在她同学之间是最高的。 Switzerland lies between France,Italy,Austria and Germany. 瑞士位于法国、意大利、奥地利和德国之间。 * argue debate dispute 都含“辩论”的意思。 > argue 着重“说理”、“论证”和“企图说服”, 如: I argued with her for a long time, but she refused to listen to reason. 我和她辩论了好久, 但她还是不听。 > debate 着重“双方各述己见”, 内含“交锋”的意思, 如: We have been debating about the issue. 我们一直在就这个问题进行辩论。 > dispute 指“激烈争辩”, 含有“相持不下”或“未得解决”之意,如: Whether he will be elected as chairman is still disputed. 他是否当选为主席, 仍然有争论。 * argue;quarrel;discuss 这三个动词均有“争”的意思,但“争”法不同。 > argue着重就自己的看法或观点,提出论证,同他人“争论”或“辩论”。例如: We heard them arguing in the other room.我们听见他们在另一个房间里争论。 另外,argue同with搭配,其后接人;与about连用,其后接事物。例如: We argued with them about this problem for a long time.这个问题我们同他们辩论了很长时间。 > quarrel是指对某事不喜欢或强烈不满而发生的“争吵”或“吵架”。同with搭配,其后接某人;和about连用,其后接某事。例如: He often quarrels about their housework with his wife.他常为家务事同妻子争吵。 > discuss是指认真交换自己的意见或看法的“讨论”。例如: We'll discuss the use of the articles tomorrow.明天我们将讨论冠词的用法。 * as (so) far as; as (so) long as > as(so)far as的意思是“就……而言(所知)”,as (so) far as sth.is concerned是其中一种具体用法,意为“就某事而言”;as (so) long as意为“只要”,引导条件状语从句。如: As far as I know, more than 10 million laid-off workers have found their new jobs. 就我所知,一千多万下岗工人已经找到了新的工作。 There is nothing that we can’t do so / as long as we keep on trying to do it. 只要我们不断地努力去做,就没有什么事干不成。 As far as the tourism of China is concerned

, there is a long way to go. 就中国的旅游业而言,需要做的工作还很多。 * asleep/sleeping 二者都是形容词。asleep仅用作表语,不能作定语,表示“睡着,熟睡”的意思;而sleeping一般只能用作定语,放在名词前,表示“睡眠中的,休止的”意思。 如:我们不能说:an asleep baby,但可以说:a sleeping baby(一个熟睡的婴儿)。 再如:He was asleep with his head on his arms.他头枕着手臂在熟睡。 asleeping dog正在熟睡的狗 sleeping car卧车 sleeping bag睡袋 * assert,affirm,maintain > assert宣称、断言,常指某人主观自信,坚持己见,有时不顾客观事实而断言下结论。 > affirm指以事实为依据,深信不疑地肯定某种观点或看法。 > maintain指在相反的证据或论点面前,重申原来的某种观点、立场。 A.Despite all the policeman’s questions the suspect ___ that he had been at home all evening. B.It is nonsense to ___ that smoking does not damage people’s health. C.Throughout his prison sentence Dunn has always ___ his innocence. Answers:A.affirmed?????? B.assert???????? C.maintained * as though;even though;though > as though(=as if),意为“好像;似乎”,引导方式状语从句或表语从句。如: He spoke as though(as if)he had been here before.他说话的口气好像他以前来过这里。 It looks as if(as though)it is going to rain.看起来好像要下雨。 > even though(=even if),意为“即使”,引导让步状语从句。though也引导让步状语从句,意为“虽然”;even though有退一步设想的意味,与though不同。though引导的句子所说的是事实,even though引导的句子所说的则不一定是事实。例如: He will not tell the secret even though(even if)he knows it.即使他知道这个秘密,他也不肯说出来。 He will not tell the secret though he knows it.他虽然知道这个秘密,但他不会说出来。 * at the beginning;in the beginning > at the beginning 在……初;在……开始的时候。常与of连用。例如: Students usually have a study plan at the beginning of term. 学生们在开学初制定学习计划。 > in the beginning 相当于at first,表示“起初、开始”时,含“起初是这种情况,而后来却不是这种情况”之意,不与of连用。例如: In the beginning,some of us took no interest in physics. 起初我们有些人对物理不感兴趣。 * attack assail assault charge beset > 都含有"攻击"的意思。 > attack 是常用词, 指"攻击敌人"或"用言论攻击他人", 如: Germany began to attack the Soviet Union in 1941. 德国在19xx年开始进攻苏联。 > assail 指"猛烈连续地攻击", 如: The enemy plane assailed our defence position. 敌机不断猛烈地攻击我们

的阵地。 > assault 语气比 assail强, 指"突然猛烈地进攻", 暗示"武力的直接接触" (如肉搏等), 也有"暴力"的意思, 如:The enemy assaulted us at dawn. 敌人在黎明时向我进攻。 > charge 指"冲击"或"骑兵的突然攻击", 如: The cavalry charged to the front. 骑兵猛烈向前线冲击。 > beset 指"围攻", 即从各个方向攻击, 如: In the swamp we were beset by mosquitoes. 在沼泽地里, 我们受到蚊子的围攻。 * at the age of/by the age of > at the age of表示“在……岁时”,后面接基数词,强调某一时刻的情况或动作,用于一般过去时,作时间状语。例如: At the age of six,he began to learn English.他六岁的时候开始学英语。 She learned to play the piano at the age often.她十岁的时候学弹钢琴。 > by the age of表示“到……岁的时候”、“在……岁以前”,后面接基数词,强调到某一时刻为止的结果,用于过去完成时或将来完成时,作时间状语。例如: By the age of sixteen,he had learned to drive a car.到十六岁的时候,他已经学会了开小汽车。 You will have learned more than 2000 English words by the age of fourteen. 到你十四岁的时候,你将学会2000多个英语单词。 * at the time; at that time; at one time; at a time > at the time通常用于过去时句子中,指某件事情发生的“当时”、“那时”。例如: Many people saw the strange thing happen at the time. 当时,许多人都看到了这件奇怪的事情的发生。 > 有时,at the time的后面可接“of...”短语。这时,它表示“在(某事态)发生的时候”或“在……的时代”。例如: Were you in San Francisco at the time of the big earth quake in 1989? 19xx年旧金山发生地震时,你在那里吗? It happened at the time of King Alfred. 事情发生在阿尔弗雷德国王时期。 > at that time 则通常指前文明确提到的某个时期、时候。通常其后不带“of...”短语。例如: In the 17th century much corn was grown in Tibet and Sichuan.At that time (=At the 17th century) the land along the Changjiang River was becoming very crowded. > at one time=during a period of time in the past意为“过去有一段时期”,“曾经”。例如: They used to be good friends at one time. 他们曾经是好朋友。 > at a time则意为“一次”,表示一个时间单位。它常与表示数量的词语连用,表示频率。例如: Don’t speak all at once.One at a time, please. 不要同时一起说。一次只一个人说。 Take the medicine three times a day and three pieces at a time. 这些药每天服三次,每次服三粒。 * at ... speed / with ... speed > at the speed of或者at ... speed,意为“以……的速度”。而当speed被all, lightning, great等修

饰时,介词应用with。我们可用一句口诀来帮助记忆:都(all)以闪电般(lightning)大(great)的速度行驶。如: Our car was running with all speed on the expressway. 我们的车在高速公路上全速行驶。 The Long March No.2 Rocket sent up the satellite into space at the speed of 11.2 kilometers per second. 长征二号火箭以每秒钟11.2公里的速度将卫星发射到太空。高中英语易混易错词汇辨析1. clothes, cloth, clothing clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of2. incident, accident incident指小事件, accident指不幸的事故He was killed in the accident.3. amount, number amount后接不可数名词, number后接可数名词 a number of students4. family, house, home home 家,包括住处和家人,house房子,住宅,family家庭成员. My family is a happy one.5. sound, voice, noise sound自然界各种各样的声音,voice人的嗓音,noise噪音I hate the loud noise outside.6. photo, picture, drawing photo用照相机拍摄的照片,picture可指相片,图片,电影片,drawing画的画 Let's go and see a good picture.7. vocabulary, word vocabulary词汇,一个人拥有的单词量,word具体的单词He has a large vocabulary.8. population, people population人口,人数,people具体的人 China has a large population.9. weather, climateweather一天内具体的天气状况,climate长期的气候状况 The climate here is not good for you.10. road, street, path, way road具体的公路,马路,street街道,path小路,小径,way道路,途径 take this road; in the street, show me the way to the museum.11. course, subject course课程(可包括多门科目),subject科目(具体的学科)a summer course12. custom, habit custom传统风俗,习俗,也可指生活习惯,后接to do, habit生活习惯,习惯成自然,后接of doing. I've got the habit of drinking a lot.13. cause, reason cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接of sth./doing sth,reason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late14. exercise, exercises, practice exercise运动,锻炼(不可数),exercises练习(可数),practice(反复做的)练习 Practice makes perfect.15. class, lesson作"课"解时,两者可以替换.指课文用lesson. 指班级或全体学生用class. lesson 6; class 516. speech, talk, lecture speech指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说,talk日常生活中的一般的谈话,讲话,lecture学术性的演讲,讲课 a series of lecture on…17. officer, official officer部队的军官,official政府官员 an ar

my officer18. work, job 二者均指工作。work不可数,job可数 a good job19. couple, pair couple主要指人或动物,pair多指由两部分组成的东西 a pair of trousers20. country, nation, state, land country侧重指版图,疆域,nation指人民,国民,民族,state侧重指政府,政体,land国土,国家 The whole nation was sad at the news.21. cook, cooker cook厨师,cooker厨具 He is a good cook.22. damage, damages damage不可数名词, 损害,损失; damages复数形式, 赔偿金 $900 damages23. police, policeman police警察的总称,后接复数谓语动词,policeman 指某个具体的警察 The police are questioning everyone in the house.24. problem, question problem常和困难连系,前面的动词常为think about, solve, raise,question常和疑问连系,多和ask, answer连用25. man, a man man人类,a man一个男人 Man will conquer nature.26. chick, chicken 二者均可指小鸡,chicken还可以当鸡肉 The chicken is delicious.27. telegram, telegraph 当电报解时,telegram指具体的,telegraph指抽象的 a telegram, by telegraph28. trip, journey, travel, voyage travel是最常用的,trip指短期的旅途,journey指稍长的旅途,voyage指海上航行 a three-day trip29. sport, game sport多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动,如打球,游泳,打猎,赛马等;game指决定胜负的游戏,通常有一套规则 His favorite sport is swimming.30. price, prize price价格,prize奖,奖品,奖金 win the first prize The price is high/low. 31. a number of, the number of a number of许多,谓语动词用复数。the number of…的数目,谓语动词用单数。The number of students is increasing.32. in front of, in the front of in front of范围外的前面,in the front of范围内的前面 In the front of the room sits a boy.33. of the day, of a day of the day每一天的,当时的,当代的, of a day暂时的,不长久的 a famous scientist of the day34. three of us, the three of us three of us我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us我们三个(就三个人)The three of us---Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema.35. by bus, on the bus by bus表手段,方式,不用冠词,on the bus表范围 They went there by bus.36. for a moment, for the moment for a moment 片刻,一会儿,for the moment暂时,一时 Thinking for a moment, he agreed. 37. next year, the next year next year将来时间状语,the next year过去将来时间状语 He said he would go abroad the next year.38. more than a year, more than one year more than a year一年多,more than one year超过一年(两年或三年等)39. take advice, take the(one's) advice take advice征求意见,take the advice接受忠告 He refused to take th

e advice and failed again.40. take air, take the air take air传播,走漏,take the air到户外去,散步 We take the air every day.41. in a word, in words in a word总之,一句话, in words口头上 In a word, you are right.42. in place of, in the place of in place of代替,in the place of在…地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one.43. in secret, in the secret in secret秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作状语;in the secret知道内情,知道秘密,一般用作表语 My mother was in the secret from the beginning.44. a girl, one girl a girl可泛指所有女孩, one girl一个女孩 Can one girl carry such a big box?45. take a chair, take the chair take a chair相当于sit down坐下,take the chair开始开会46. go to sea, by sea, by the sea go to sea当海员,出航,by sea乘船,由海路, by the sea在海边 go by sea47. the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher the doctor and teacher指一个人,既是医生又是老师,the doctor and the teacher两个人,一个医生和一个老师 the doctor and teacher is48. in office, in the office in office在职的,in the office在办公室里 He is in office, not out of office.49. in bed, on the bed in bed卧在床上,on the bed在床上 The book is on the bed. He is ill in bed.50. in charge of, in the charge of in charge of管理,负责照料, in the charge of由……照料 He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her.51. in class, in the class in class在课上,in the class在班级里 He is the best student in the class.52. on fire, on the fire on fire着火,on the fire在火上 Put the food on the fire. The house is on fire.53. out of question, out of the question out of question毫无疑问的,out of the question不可能的 54. a second, the second a second又一,再一,the second第…… He won the second prize.55. by day, by the day by day白天,by the day按天计算 The workers are paid by the day.56. the people, a people the people指人,a people指民族 The Chinese is a peace-loving people.57. it, one it同一物体,one同类不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.58. that, this that指代上文所提到的,this导出下文所要说的 I was ill. That's why…59. none, nothing, no one none强调有多少,nothing, no one强调有没有,nothing指物,no one指人 --- How many…/How much…? --- None.60. anyone, any one anyone指人,不能接of,any one指人物均可,可接of any one of you61. who, what who指姓名或关系,what指职业或地位 What is your dad? He is a teacher.62. what, which what的选择基础是无限制的,which在一定范围内进行选择 Which do you prefer, bananas or apples?63. other, another other后接名词复数,another后接名词单数 other students, another

student64. not a little, not a bit not a little非常,not a bit一点也不 I'm not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。65. many, much, a lot of many和可数名词连用,much和不可数名词连用,a lot of可数,不可数均可,但不用于否定句 I haven't many books.66. much more…than, many more…than much more…than后接形容词或不可数名词,many more…than后接可数名词 many more people, much more water, much more beautiful67. no, not no=not a/any no friend=not a/any friend no water=not any water68. no more than, not more than no more than相当于only,仅仅,只有,not more than 至多,不超过69. majority, most majority只能修饰可数名词,most可数不可数均可 the majority of people70. by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself by oneself单独的,独自的,for oneself为自己,to oneself供自己用的,of oneself 自行的,自动的 The door opened of itself.71. at all, after all at all根本,全然, after all到底,毕竟 After all he is a child.72. tall, high tall常指人或动物,high常指物体 He is tall.73. fast, quickly fast侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点,quickly侧重指某事完成或发生的快 run fast, answer the question quickly74. high, highly high具体的高,highly抽象的高,高度的 think highly of高中英语词组·搭配整理<1>2009-09-12 22:30Aabandon oneself to sth. 沉溺于with abandon 尽情地the ability to do sth.做某事的能力to the best of one’s ability 尽最大努力from above 来自上级的above all 首先,最重要的是at home and abroad 国内外be absorbed in 全神贯注于be abundant/rich in sth. 。。。丰富accept a challenge 接受挑战accept sb.’s apology 接受某人的道歉by accident 偶然accommodate sb. with 向某人供应,提供accommodate sb. for the night 留。。。住一夜according as (+从句)根据。。。而。。。according to(+n.)按照on account of 因为,由于on all accounts/every account 无论如何on no account 绝不take …into account/take account of 考虑到,顾及,体谅accuse sb. of (doing) sth./charge sb. with (doing) sth. 指控某人犯。。。be accustomed to 习惯于achieve one’s aim/goal 达到目的have a nodding acquaintance of sb. 与某人有点头之交make one’s acquaintance 结识,与。。。相见act as 担任。。。职务act for 代表,代理act out 以行动表现,表演in action 在活动/运转中out of action 不活动的,失去机能put sth. in/into action 使。。。活动,实行take action 采取行动add up 加起add up to 合计达in addition to 除。。。之外(还)give/make/deliver an address 做演讲admire sb. for 因。。。钦佩某人in advance 事先in

advance of 在。。。前面take advantage of 利用give sb. some advice (on sth.) 给某人(某方面)提出建议accept/follow/ take sb.’s advice 接受某人的建议ask for sb.’s advice 向某人征求意见on sb.’s advice 根据某人的建议after all 毕竟,终究,别忘了,要知道After you! 你先请again and again 反复地,再三地once again 再一次over and (over) again 一再地,反复地time and (time) again 一再地,反复地ahead of 在。。。之前go ahead 前进,干吧,说吧in aid of 作为对。。。的帮助with the aid of 借助于in the air 在空中,在流传中,(问题计划)悬而未决in the open air 在户外on/off the air 正在广播/停播give the alarm 发出警报be alert to 对。。警觉be alert in 对。。。机敏on the alert 处于警戒状态alert sb. to sth. 向某人报警alert sb. for sth. 通知all along 始终,一贯,一直all but 几乎,差不多all in all 总的说来all over 到处,遍及,全部结束at all (否定)根本,丝毫;(疑问)究竟,到底;(条件)既然。。。就in all 总计not at all 不客气allow for 考虑到,体谅,为。。留出余地allow of 容许,容许有。。。的可能(事做主语)to one’s amusement 令某人觉得有趣的是with/in amusement 津津有味地and so on/forth 等等make an announcement 发布通知be annoyed with sb. for/at sth. 因。。。对。。。生气one after another 相继,顺次one another 互相one thing…another… 。。。是一回事,。。。是另一回事answer sb.’s call 响应。。的号召answer for 对。。。负责in answer to 作为对。。的回答anything but 根本不apart form 除了fall apart 土崩瓦解tell apart 区别an appendix to the book 该书的附录have one’s appendix out 切除阑尾the apple of the(one’s) eye 瞳孔,极珍爱的人或物cover/have an area of 占地面积argue for/against 赞成/反对argue sb. into/out of doing sth.说服某人做/不做某事arise from 由。。。引起give rise to 引起arm in arm 手挽手的arrange for sb. to do sth.安排某人做某事make an arrangement 做安排under arrest 被捕as for/to 至于。。。关于。。。as if/though 好像aside from 除了be of assistance to sb. 有助于with the assistance of 在。。。帮助下assume a new aspect 呈现新的面貌assume airs of 摆架子in astonishment 吃惊地to sb.’s astonishment 使某人惊讶的是bring sth. to the attention of sb. 使某人关注某事with attention 专心致志地be attentive to sth. 专心于某事lend an attentive ear to 倾听on (an/the) average 平均be awkward with 对。。。笨拙Bba

ck and forth 来回地,往复地know sth. backwards 对。。。极其熟悉badly off 贫困的as blind as a bat 视力极差的bear out 证实bear up 坚持下去,振作起来bear with 忍受,容忍give/deal a blow to sb. 给某人打击at the beginning of 在。。之初from beginning to end 自始至终on/in behalf of 代表bring into being 使出现,使存在come into being 出现,产生for the time being 目前,暂时believe it or not 信不信由你tighten one’s belt 勒紧腰带,忍饥受寒public benefit 公益be of benefit to 对。。。有益for the benefit of 为了。。。的利益be bent on 对。。。决意all the best 万事如意at best 充其量,至多make the best of 充分利用beyond praise 不胜夸奖a bird in the bush 没把握的事a bird in the hand 有把握的事an early bird 早起者,早到者by birth 在血统上,生来give birth to 生孩子bit by bit 渐渐,一点一点地blame sb. for sth. 因某事责备某人blame sth. on sb. 把某事归咎到某人to be blame 应受责备in full bloom 繁花盛开blow away 吹走,驱散blow down 刮倒blow out 吹熄blow up (使)爆炸,炸飞,充气at a(one) blow 一下子above board 光明正大地on board 在船上/飞机上make a boast of 自夸in the same boat 同舟共济,共患难body and soul 全心全意body building 健身,健美body language 肢体语言boil down to 意味着,归结为have a bone to pick with 与。。。争辩,对。。。不满to the bone 到极点born of 来源于Bottoms up!干杯at the bottom of 在。。。底部,末端from the bottom of one’s heart 发自内心be bound to 一定,注定be bound up in 专注于,忙于bu bound up with 与。。。有密切关系bow out 退出make/earn one’s bread 谋生out of bread 失业break away from 脱离break down 损坏,(把化合物)分解,(汽车)抛锚,垮掉break in 非法闯入,插嘴,打断break into 破门而入,非法闯入break off 打断,折断,中断(谈话)break out (战争,火灾,疾病)突发break through 冲破,突破break up 分解,分裂short of breath 上气不接下气feel a breath of spring 感到春的气息catch/hold one’s breath 摒住呼吸out of breath 气喘吁吁bring about 带来,引起,导致bring back 把。。。拿回来,归还,使回忆起来,使恢复bring back to life 使复生bring down 使落下,打倒,降低,减少bring in 收(庄稼),引进(风尚,话题),挣得(利润)bring off 成功地做bring on 使前进,使发展bring out 取出来,使出现,出版bring up 教育,培养,提出,呕吐build on 把。。。建立于

,依赖build up 逐步建立,增进,积聚bump along 颠簸着行进bump into 偶遇burn down 烧毁,烧成平地burst forth 突发,爆发,冒出burst in 闯入,突然出现,插嘴,打断burst into 闯入,突然。。。起来burst out 突然。。。起来,(战争,疾病)突发by and by 不久之后by day 日间,在白天CChinese cabbage 大白菜cable car 缆车cable railway 缆车铁道cable television 有线电视cable ship 海底电缆铺设船cable address 电报挂号cable sb. money 电汇给某人钱calculate on/upon 指望,预期call back 回电话,取消call for 要求,需要,(去某处)接人、物,请求,呼吁call in 叫某人进入,邀请,召来call out 大声叫,叫/请某人call up 打电话给。。。,(使)想起,征召cannot but 不得不cannot … too/over 越。。。越好,。。。总不嫌过分garbage can 垃圾桶can opener 开罐器carry off 携走,夺走carry on 继续,坚持下去carry out 执行,落实(计划,命令)carry through 完成,把。。。进行到底,使渡过难关in any case 无论如何in case 免得in case of 如果,假使in no case 绝不in this/that case 如果这样/那样pay in cash/by cheque 用现金/支票付款cast sb. into prison 把。。。送进监狱cast a net 撒网cast a vote 投票cast down 使沮丧a castle in the air 空中楼阁,空想catch at 想抓住catch up (with) 赶上,超过be certain to do 一定会做某事be certain of 对。。。有把握marriage certificate 结婚证书chain reaction 连锁反应chain store(s) 连锁店in chains 被囚禁by chance 偶然地change…into… 把。。。变成。。。change…for… 把。。。换成。。。charge oneself with a task 承担一项任务in charge of 管理in the charge of 由。。。管理take charge of 接管free of charge 免费cheat sb. (out) of sth. 骗走某人某物rob sb. of sth. 抢走某人某物steal sth. from .sb. 偷走某人某物check in (在旅馆,机场)登记,报道check out 结帐离开cheer up (使)振作,高兴起来chemical rain 酸雨chemical change 化学变化chemist’s shop 药房a piece of china 一件瓷器have no choice (but to do sth.) 别无选择make a choice 做选择choke back 忍住,抑制choke down 用力咽下,强抑制住choke up 堵塞,塞满cannot choose but do. 不得不a chorus of 异口同声地in chorus 一齐be on circuit 在巡回中civil duties 公民的义务civil war 内战civil case 民事案件civil life 平民生活claw hold of 抓紧clear away 把。。。清除掉,(云雾)消散clear up (天气)放晴。整理,收拾clev

er fingers 灵巧的手指be clever at 擅长be clever with 善于使用close down 关闭,停业bring…to a close 结束in the clouds 在云层中,心不在焉a coat of 一层pay sb. in his own/the same coin 以其人之道还治其人之身coincidence of opinions 意见一致by coincidence 碰巧seize/take sb. by the collar 抓住。。。领口come into collision 相撞,在冲突中come about 产生,发生come across 偶遇(不用被动)come along 出现,发生.进步,进展,跟着来come back 回来,旧事在记忆中重现come down 落魄,潦倒come from 出生于,来自come in 进来come off 从。。。离开,脱落,发生,举行.从。。。中被减去come on 快,走吧。进步,进展。发生,开始come out 出现,出版,开花come over (越过障碍或从远处)过来,顺便来访,改变立场或观点come round 绕道而来,回心转意,苏醒,复元come straight to the point 开门见山come to 苏醒,共达到come to power 掌权come up 长出,发芽,走上前,升起,(问题)被提出come up with 追上,想出,找出(答案)make comments on 评论commit a crime/mistake 犯罪/错commit suicide 自杀in company with 与。。。一起keep company with 与。。。相结交keep sb. company 陪伴compare to/with 和。。。相比within/out of compass 某人力所不能及in competition with 和。。。竞争be composed of 由。。。组成reach/arrive at a compromise 达成协议as/so far as …be concerned 就。。。而言be concerned about 关心be concerned with 与。。。有关in concern (with)一齐,一致bring…to a conclusion 使。。。结束come to/arrive at/reach/draw a conclusion 得出结论in conclusion 最后,总之make a conclusion 下结论on no condition 绝不on/upon condition that 如果in conflict with 与。。。冲突throw … into confusion 使。。。陷入混乱for conscience sake 为求心安have a clear/good conscience 问心无愧on one’s conscience 凭良心in consequence 结果,因此in/as (a) consequence of 由于in consideration of 考虑到,作为对。。。的报酬under consideration 在考虑中consist in 在于,存在于be content with 对。。。满足content oneself with 满足于to one’s heart’s content 心满意足地,尽情地be contradictory tu 与。。。矛盾,对立on the contrary 正相反make a contrast with 与。。。对比in/by contrast 对比之下in contrast to/with 与。。。对比起来。形成对比beyond control 无法控制out of control 失去控制under control 处于控制之下take control of 控制,操纵in cooperation with 与。。。合作around/round the corner 在拐角

处,在附近,即将到来be in a tight corner 在困境中put/drive/force sb. into a corner 使。。。走投无路at the cost of 以。。。为代价at a cost of 以。。。的价格count on 依靠,指望in couples 成双成对地keep up/lose courage 鼓起/失去勇气with courage 勇敢地in/during the course of 在。。。期间/过程中go to court 起诉,觐见君主take sb. to court 起诉某人be crashed to pieces 被砸的粉碎be crazy about/on/over 热衷于like crazy 发狂似的be/get cross with sb. at sth. 因。。。生某人的气cross out 划掉cure sb. of (disease) 治好某人某病a cure for (disease) 治某病的药be curious about 对。。。好奇give currency to 散布in common currency 一般通用的cut down 减少,砍倒cut in 超车,插嘴,打断cut off 切除,剪下,隔绝cut out 切去,减去,删去,略去,戒除cht through 刺穿,剪断cut up 齐根剪断,剪碎Ddam a river 在河上筑坝dam up one’s feelings 抑制感情be damned for one’s sins 因罪孽而遭天罚God damn you!该死!in danger (of) 在危险中out of danger 脱离危险in the dark 在黑暗中at/before dark 在天黑时/以前date back to 追溯到,远在。。。时代up to date 到目前为止make a date with sb. 与。。。约会be out on a date 出去约会at dawn 在黎明dawn on/upon 被理解,被想到from dawn till night 从早到晚by day 日间,白天里day after day 日复一日地day and night 日日夜夜地day by day 一天天地in the day 在白天one day (过去或未来)某一天some day (将来)总有一天,(日后)某一天the other day 前几天these days 现在,如今those days 那些日子,那个时代to this day 至今at daylight 在黎明时before daylight 黎明前turn a deaf ear to 对。。。充耳不闻make a deal 达成协议,做成交易a good/great deal of 大量的put sb. to death 处死某人in debt 负债get/run into debt 负债out of debt 不欠债decide on 对。。。作出决定declare for/agaist sth. 表态支持/反对on the decline 在衰退/没落中be deep in a book 埋头读书defend against 防止以免take a degree 取得学位take/find delight in 以。。。为乐to sb.’s delight 令。。。高兴的是with delight 高兴地department store 百货商场It/That (all) depends. 看情况而定a current/fixed deposit 活/定期存款determine on (doing) sth. 决定做某事be devoted to 对。。。专一,专注devote oneself to 献身于,致力于die away 减弱,消失,停下来die down 逐渐变弱,降低,平息die from 死于(外因)die of 死于(内因)die off 相继死去die out 逐

渐消失,绝种be dying for 渴望make a/no difference 有/无影响with difficulty 吃力地,困难地without difficulty 不费力地in difficulties 处境尴尬,经济困难stand on one’s dignity 维护尊严in a dilemma 左右为难dine out 外出进餐dine off/on 把。。。当饭吃a state dinner 国宴give a dinner for sb. 宴请某人at a disadvantage 处于不利地位be disappointed at 不满某事实be disappointed in 某人某事不合理想be disappointed of 因得不到某物不满be disappointed with 对。。。不满意under discussion 在讨论中dismiss doubts 消除疑虑at a distance of 隔着。。。的距离at/from a distance 有相当距离keep one’s distance 保持距离be distinct from 和。。。截然不同distinguish oneself 扬名do away with 废除,去掉do sb. good 对。。。有益do up 整理,收拾,修缮,粉刷,包扎,扣好do with 对待,处理,与。。。相处do wrong 做错,犯罪door to success 成功的途径from door to door 挨家挨户地on the dot 准时be dotted with 点缀着beyond/out of doubt 无疑地no doubt 无疑make no doubt of 对。。。毫无疑问without (a/any) doubt 无疑地down with 打倒,放下in dozens 一打一打地dozens of 许多,数打draw one’s salary 领工资draw a conclusion 得出结论draw a lesson 吸取教训draw in (火车,汽车)到站,收(网,针)draw near 靠近,临近draw sb.’s attention to 引起某人注意dress up 穿上盛装,精心打扮,装饰drink to the health of sb.为。。。健康干杯drive away 赶走,驱逐,开走drop in at+地点/on+人 偶然/顺便来访drop out 不参与,离去,放弃like a drowned rat 湿的像落汤鸡drown oneself in 埋头于throw dust in a person’s eyes 蒙骗人off duty 下班,不执勤on duty 上班,执勤do one’s duty 尽义务,本分Ebe eager for/after knowledge 渴望求知be eager in one’s studies 热心学习have a keen ear 听觉灵敏close/shut one’s ears to 塞住耳朵,不听give ear to 倾听,注意early on 在初期,早先earn one’s living 谋生on earth 在世界上,究竟,一点也at (one’s) ease 轻松地,安心地ease off/up 减轻,减缓ease sb. of sth 减轻某人(痛苦,负担)with ease 容易地take effect 生效,起作用make an effort 努力electric fan 电扇electrical engineering 电气工程electronic organ 电子琴lay/put/place emphasis on/upon 强调in the employ of 替。。。工作out of employ 失业bring an end to 结束,终止come to an end 结束end up 结束make (both)ends meet 收支平衡put an end to 废除,终止apply/devote one’s energies to a task

致力于工作enter the army 参军enter into 参加,开始从事,进入enter for 报名参加entrance free 免费入场make one’s entrance 入场entrance upon/into office 就任make an entry of 把。。。记入,登录out of envy 出于妒忌be the envy of sb. 是。。。妒忌/羡慕的对象be equal to (doing) sth. 胜任equal sth. 与。。。相等equal sb. in sth. 在。。。方面与某人匹敌equip …for… 为。。。而准备。。。equip …with…用。。。装备。。。by error 错误地in error 弄错了的,错误地escape death 死里逃生have a narrow escape 九死一生at all events/in any event 不论怎样in the event of 如果。。。发生in the event that 如果Ever yours/Yours ever. 你永久的朋友(书信中)every now and then 时常,不时地follow one’s example 学习某人,效仿某人set an example to sb./set sb. an example 为。。。树立榜样be excellent in 在。。。方面极好stock exchange 证券交易所in exchange for 作为对。。的交换come into existence 开始存在,产生make one’s exit 退出,退场at one’s expense 由。。。付费sum up experience 总结经验do/make/carry out an experiment in 做。。。的实验in explicit terms 直截了当地express oneself 表达自己的意见,态度shortsighted eyes 近视眼have a sharp eye 有敏锐的目光Fface up to 勇敢地面对in (the) face of 面临,不顾a/the fact of life 现实生活fade away 消失,离去fade out (声音,影像)渐渐消失,使。。。渐渐消失,淡出fail in sth. 在。。。方面失败fair and square 光明正大地have faith in 相信lose faith in 不再信任put one’s faith in 绝对信任fall back 落后fall back on (受挫后)依靠,借助于fall into habit of 养成。。。的习惯fall out 争吵,失和take a fancy to 喜欢上,爱上as far as it goes 就。。。而论by far 最。。。,。。。得多(修饰比较级,最高级)far and wide 到处at (the) farthest 至多,最远(也不过)be all the fashion 风行一时fasten one’s eyes on 注视find fault with 对。。。不满,挑剔ask a favor of sb./ask sb. a favor 请求某人帮忙in favour with 得。。。宠爱,受。。。鼓励for fear 由于害怕,生怕,以免in fear of 担忧,恐怕,为。。。担心as light as a feather 轻如鸿毛sit on the fence 骑墙观望by ferry 乘渡轮have/run a fever 发烧at the fewest 至少no fewer than 不少于,有。。。之多not a few/quite a few 相当多only a few 只有几个fight back 回击fight for 为。。。而战fight one’s way 艰苦奋斗,奋力前进fight over 由于。。。争斗fight wit

h 与。。。并肩战斗figure out 算出,解决,合计为,领会,断定on file 存档file a suit against sb. 对。。。提出诉讼fill in 填充,填写fill out 填写,长胖,变丰满fill up 装满keep one’s fingers crossed 祈求成功finish with 完成,与。。。断绝关系finish up with 以。。。结束make/start/light a fire 生火catch fire 着火on fire 着火set fire to/set ….on fire 纵火under fire 遭到攻击,受到严厉批评flash out 勃然大怒flash upon 突然想起flesh and blood 血肉之躯,人in the flesh 活着的,本人,亲自flesh wound 皮肉之伤gain/put on flesh 长胖lose flesh 消瘦in flood 河水泛滥,遭水淹in the flower of 在。。。旺盛时期in flower 花正盛开in focus 焦距对准out of focus 焦距没对准fold up 折起with folded arms 交臂(无所行动),袖手旁观as follows 如下It follows that 那么(可以说),根据。。。判断make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗fool sb. into doing sth. 哄骗某人做。。。fool sb. out of sth./fool sth. out of sb. 骗取某人某物stand on one’s own feet 自食其力by force 用暴力,强迫by force of 靠。。。力量come into for ce 生效,实施force sth.on 把。。。强加在in force 在实施中forget oneself 忘我,奋不顾身in the form of 以。。的形式/状态have one’s fortune told 请人。。。算命make a/one’s fortune 发财try one’s fortune 碰运气backward(s) and forward(s) 来回,前后for free 免费地free from 摆脱。。。的free of 无。。。的set free 释放be friends with 和。。。友好/交友keep friends with 与。。。保持友好关系make friends again 重修和好shake with fright 吓得发抖be frightened at 受。。。惊骇,见。。。大吃一惊frighten sb. into/out of doing sth. 恐吓某人做/不做某事for/in fun 开玩笑地make fun of 取笑in future/for the future 从今以后in the (near/not too distant) future 在(不久后)的将来高中英语词组·搭配整理<2>2009-09-12 22:35Gmake games of 取笑,戏弄play a double game 耍两面派play the game 遵守比赛规则,诚实正直talk garbage 说废话in general 一般,总体for generations 一连好几代,数代相传from generation to generation/generation after generation 世世代代gesture language 手势语get about/around/round 走动,消息传开get along (with) (事情)进展,(与人)相处get away from 逃离get away with (侥幸)做成,偷走get back 返回,取回get close (to) 接近get down to 开始认真做。。。get in 进入,收获,插话get into 进入,陷入,染上习惯get off 脱下(衣服),下车get on 上车,穿上get out of 逃离,从。

。。中出去get over 从。。。中恢复,克服(困难),解决(问题),将。。。讲清楚get round 回避,说服,争取(某人)get through 通过,打通(电话),干完(工作),度过(时间),(使)通过(考试),(将。。。)讲清楚get to 到达,接触到,开始, 着手处理give away 赠送,牺牲give back 归还,送回give in 认输,投降,屈服(to) 交上,呈上give off 发出give out 用尽,精疲力竭,分发,宣布,发出give over to 留作(特定用途)give up 放弃,投降give way to 让步,退却,让路于the glad hand (别有用心的)热烈欢迎at a/the first glance 看一眼就glance at/over 扫视,一瞥take/give a glance at 看一看be glued to 粘到。。。上,不愿离开go about 着手做,处理,忙于go after 追赶,追求go against 反对,违背,对。。。不利go ahead 开始,进行go along 进行,进展,(with)赞同go around/round 流传,到处走动go back 回去,回溯,回忆起go by 经过,过去go for 为。。。去,去请,努力获取go home 击中要害go in for 从事,酷爱,参加go into 进入,加入,调查go off 离去,去世,消失go on 发生,继续go out (潮)退,(灯)熄,终止,过时,外出,送出,公布,播出go over 检查,复习go through 浏览,翻阅,通过go up 上升,增长go with 伴随,与。。。相配go wrong 出毛病get/kick/score a goal 进一球/得一分golden saying 金玉良言in good time 及时地,适时地good for 价值为make the grade 成功,合要求on the up/down grade 走上/下坡路Granted/Granted that 即使。。。也take … for granted 认为。。。理所当然beyond/without sb.’s grasp 为某人不能理解down to the ground 完全,彻底on (the) grounds of 根据group by group 分批地in a group/groups 成群地grow into 长大成为grow out 出芽,长出,向外生长grow out of 产生自。。。,长大得与。。。不再相称keep guard 放哨,守望off guard 不当班,不备,疏忽on guard 值班,警戒guess at/make a guess at 猜一猜be guilty for 对。。。内疚be guilty of 有。。。罪Hout of habit 出于习惯in half 成两半half knowledge 一知半解at hand 在手边,在附近,即将到来by hand 用手工hand down 留传,把。。。传下去hand in 交上,交付hand in hand 手拉手,联合hand out 分发,施舍hand over 移交,交出hang together (人)团结,(言论)一致,相符hang on 坚持,抓紧,不挂断hand up 挂断,悬挂in harmony with 与。。。协调一致have a gift for 对。。。有天赋have

a …time 过得。。。have fun with 玩的高兴have on 穿着,带着have …on 有事,有约会hear about 听到有关。。。的情况hear of 听说heat and soul 全心全意地learn … by heart 默诵lose heart 灰心can’t help but 不由得,不得不help oneself to 自用(食物)擅自取用help out 帮某人摆脱困难here and now 现在,马上here and there 到处hide and seek 捉迷藏hire out 出租hit on/upon 忽然想出hold one’s head high 昂首,趾高气扬catch/get/take hold of 抓住hold…back 阻止hold on 别挂断hold out 伸出hold up 举起,阻挡,停顿be honored from 因。。受到尊敬in honor of 为向。。。表示敬意,为庆祝,为纪念in (the) hope of/in hopes of 怀着。。。的希望lay one’s hope(s) on sb. 把希望寄托在某人身上in horror 恐惧的to sb.’s horror 令。。。感到恐惧的是hour after hour 令。。。感到恐惧的是keep early hours 早睡早起keep late hours 晚睡晚起keep house 管理家务,做家务How come…? 怎么会。。。的?go hungry 挨饿be hungry for 渴望得到hunt out 搜寻出Iimprove on/upon 改进,胜过inch by inch 渐渐地follow instruction 服从指示take an interest in 对。。。感兴趣lose interest in 对。。。失去兴趣at intervals 不时,每隔一段时间/空间in the intervals 不久,一会儿be involved in 被牵连,陷入JThe upper/lower jaw 上/下颚Jaws of death 鬼门关make a joke about sb./sth.. 拿。。。开玩笑play jokes on sb.戏弄go on/make a journey 去旅行judge from/by 从。。。判断in one’s judgment 按。。。的看法pass judgment on sb. 对。。。宣判jump at 迫不及待地接受jump the queue 插队jump to one’s feet 跳起来be junior to 比。。。年少/低级a sense of justice 正义感do justice to 公正地对待bring… to justice 对。。。依法处理Kbe keen on/to do 对。。。热心/渴望keep goal 守球门keep away from 避开,不接近keep back 扣住,留下,隐瞒keep off (使)让开,(使)不接近keep on 继续keep out 挡住 使不进去keep to 遵守,坚持keep up 维持,保持kick about/around 被闲置,被随意放置,到处游荡,非正式讨论get a kick out of 从中得到乐趣kick in 破门而入,踢坏kick off (足球)开球be of a kind 同一种类的with kindness 亲切地out of kindness 出于好心kiss away 吻去bend the knee to 向。。。求饶fall/go on one’s knee 下跪on one’s knee 跪着,哀求,筋疲力尽knock at 敲knock down 撞倒knock into sb. 撞在。。。身上knock off 敲掉,击倒,扣除,停工,下班knock out 打

昏,击倒knock over 打翻know … from …分辨know of sb. 听说过某人obtain/gain a knowledge of 学到。。知识have no knowledge of 不理解,不认识to my knowledge 据我所知Lfor/by/from/through lack of 因缺乏no lack of 充足的the ladder to/of success 成功的阶梯kick down the ladder 过河拆桥as innocent as a lamb 天真无邪by land 走陆路land on one’s feet 化险为夷the spoken/written language 口语/书面语medical language 医学用语talk large 说大话the last but one 倒数第二at last 最后last of all 最后to the last 直到最后,彻底be late for 做。。迟到be late with 迟做某事laugh away 一笑了之go to law提出诉讼obey/break the law 守/犯法by law 根据法律lay aside 把。。。搁置一旁,留存,储存lay down 放下,交出,规定,制订lay off (暂时)解雇,下岗take the lead 带头a leading figure 领头人物a leading role 主角come into leaf 生叶turn over a new leaf 翻开崭新的一页,改过自新in leaf 长叶的in league with 与。。。联合lean on sb. for help 依靠。。。帮助learn one’s lesson 吸取教训learn sth. by heart 记住learn about/of 得知,了解,学习learned man 学者learned discussion 学术讨论last but not least 最后但同样重要的not in the least 一点也不ask for leave 请假on leave 休假leave about 乱丢,乱放leave …alone 不管,不干涉leave behind 留下leave for 前往leave off 不再穿,不继续,停止leave out 省去,丢去leave over 留下,剩下,使延期be on one’s legs 站起来at full length 伸展全身,详尽地at length 结局,最后,详细,充分even less 更不用说give lessons 教课have/take lessons 上课draw/learn lessons from 从。。中吸取教训give/teach sb. a lesson 给。。。一个教训let alone 更不用说let …alone/be 不要管let in 放进let off 放掉(蒸汽),放(炮,烟火)放过 饶恕let out 泄露,发(声)in letter and in spirit 在表面形式上和在精神实质上to the letter 严格地be level with/on a level with 与。。。齐平at liberty 自由的under licence 经特许的lie on one’s stomach 俯卧lie back 仰靠lie about/around 到处乱放,闲着lie ahead 即将发生lie by 在。。。旁边,在手边,搁置不用lie down 躺下,屈服lie in 在于make a life 习惯于新的生活方式bring … to life 使。。。复活,给。。。活力come to life 苏醒,开始有生气for life 一生full of life 充满活力,生机in life 在一生中,在世间give one’s life for 为。。。献出生命give one’s life to 投身于br

ing… to light 曝光come to light 显露in (the) light of 由于light up 照亮,点燃,容光焕发throw/cast light on/upon 使人了解,阐明like it or not 不管喜不喜欢and the like 等等,诸如此类limit sb. to (doing) sth. 限制某人(做)某事set limits/a limit to 对。。。限制go beyond/over the limit 超出限度in line 整齐in line with 与。。。一致line up 排队on line 联机的,在线的link up 汇合,碰头little by little 一点点地not a little 不少live by 靠。。。(方式,手段)生活live on 以。。。为食/生live out 活过,实践live through 活过,经过。。。还或者loads of 很多lock up 锁藏,监禁before long 不久long for 渴望look back over one’s shoulder 回头看look ahead 为未来打算look away from 把目光从。。。移开look back on 回顾,回忆look into 向。。窥视,调查look out 当心look through 浏览look up 仰视,查阅loose talk 闲谈get/break loose 跑掉set loose 出发,开始lose oneself in thought 陷入沉思at a loss 茫然不知所措lower oneself 自降身份lower one’s voice 降低声音have no luck in 不顺利try one’s luck 碰运气in/out of luck 走运/不走运Mmachine gun 机关枪be mad about 对。。。着迷go mad with 欣喜若狂like mad 疯狂地,拼命地practice/work magic 施魔法with main strength 用尽全力in the main 大体上,基本上major in 主修make out 辨认出,看出,理解make up 编造,捏造,化妆,补充,和好make up for 补偿all manner of 各种各样的in a …manner 用。。。的方式many a 不止一个,一个又一个的be marked on 标记在mark down 记下,降低。。。的价格mark out 规划,划线,标出。。。界限bring…to market 把。。。推上市come into the market 上市on the market (市场)有出售marry off 嫁出女儿/儿子mask over 戴面具,掩饰,使模糊under the mask of 在。。。掩盖/伪装下a mass of/masses of 大量mass communication/media 大众传媒match…with… 将。。。和。。。匹配serve a meal 上菜eat between meals 吃零食at meals 在用餐be meant to do 要做,必须做by all means 无论如何,务必,当然可以by means of 用。。。的方法by no means 绝不by this means 通过这种方式in the meantime 在。。。期间beyond measure 无可估量,极度。过分make … to one’s measure 依照。。。的尺寸做measure up 合格,符合标准take measurements 量尺寸the medicine for cold 感冒药by/through the medium of 以。。。为媒介meet up with 偶然碰到meet with 和。。。邂逅,撞见,遭遇,

经历arrange/organize a meeting 筹备/组织会议attend/have a meeting 开会call/hold a meeting 召开会议cancel/postpone a meeting 取消/延期会议melt away 融化掉,消失memorial park 陵园,公墓memorial meeting 追悼会from memory 根据记忆in memory of/to the memory of 为纪念mental labor 脑力劳动not to mention/without mentioning 更不用说at the mercy of 任凭。。。摆布/支配have mercy on/upon 同情,怜悯show mercy to/show sb. mercy 同情in a mess 乱七八糟mess about/around 浪费时间,闲荡,轻率对待mess up 把。。。弄糟,弄乱,弄脏mess with 干预,介入,干扰the middle class 中产阶级military power/training 军事力量/军训lose one’s mind 失去理智mind and body 身心bear/keep in mind 记住bring… to mind 使。。。想起have sth. in mind 想要,(想到,计划)做。。。记得to my mind 依我看来mineral deposit 矿藏to the minute 准时work/do a miracle 创造奇迹look in(to) the mirror 照镜子be miserable at 为。。。苦恼miss out 省略,以往,不包括by mistake 弄错mistake…for… 把。。。错认成mix…with 把。。。和。。。混合mix up 混淆,弄乱,搅拌at any moment 随时for the moment 暂时put money into 投资于raise money 筹款by the month 按月moral standards 道德标准at (the) most 至多,大不了make the most of 充分利用in motion 运动中set/put … in motion 使。。。动起来mourn for/over 哀悼as poor as a church mouse 一贫如洗from mouth to mouth 口口相传take ….in one’s mouth 把。。。叼在嘴中with one mouth 异口同声地a mouthful of 一口move about 四处走动,转换工作move on 继续前进,继续搬迁go to the movies 去看电影as much as 尽。。。那样多not so much as do 甚至不murmur a secret to sb.低声告诉。。。一个秘密spring/shoot/pop up like mushroom 如雨后春笋般涌现Nbe named after 根据。。。命名by (the) name (of) 名叫call sb.’s name 谩骂某人get/make a name (for oneself) 成名in the name of 以。。。的名字have a nap 小睡一会in a narrow sense 在狭义上a narrow majority 微弱的多数national flag 国旗be native to 原产于native land 祖国native language 本国语natural gas 天然气Mother Nature 大自然by nature 生性in nature 本质上in the nature of 具有。。。性质true to nature 逼真的a near escape 九死一生near at hand 在近旁,即将到来near by 在附近not nearly 远不及be under the necessity of doing sth. 处于迫切需要。。。的状态of necessity 必定break one’s neck doing sth. 拼命于neck and neck 并

驾齐驱fill one’s need 满足需要have need of 需要in need 在困难,危急中neglect one’s duty 玩忽职守calm one’s nerve 定神lose one’s nerve 失去勇气be all nerves 神经紧张be/feel nervous about/at 因。。。紧张mosquito net 蚊帐cast/throw a net 撒网draw in a net 拉网,收网net weight 净重never…but… 每当。。。必定be new to 对。。。不熟悉in the next place 其次,第二点all night long/all the night through 整夜by night 趁黑夜,在夜间throughout the night 通宵达旦nod to sb. 向。。。点头nod sb. a welcome/nod a welcome to sb. 向。。。。表示欢迎greet sb. with a nod 点头打招呼none other than 就是none the less 仍然talk nonsense 胡说at high noon 正当午at the noon of one’s life 壮年期above/below normal 高出/低于标准north by east 北偏东blow one’s nose 擤鼻涕hold one’s nose 捏鼻子count/tell noses 数人数lead sb. by the nose 牵着某人鼻子走nose to nose 面对面compare notes 交换意见note down 记下take/make a note 记下take note of 注意come to nothing 没有结果,失败for nothing 免费have nothing of 不理睬nothing but 除了bring sth. to sb.’s notice 使。。。注意come into sb.’s notice 使。。。注意pay no notice to 对。。。毫不在意without notice 不事先通知(every) now and then 有时for now 目前,当前now …than…. 时而。。。时而。。。up to now 到现在为止nuclear family 核心家庭an even/odd number 偶/奇数by number 按号码beyond number 多得数不清in number 在数量上Oobject to 反对have/make/raise/take an/no object to 反对/不反对under obligation 有义务,欠人情powers of observation 观察力under observation 在接受观察take/have the occasion to do 借/有机会做on occasion(s) 有时,间或by occupation 职业occupy oneself/be occupied (in) doing/with sth. 专心于,忙于be of frequent/rare occurrence 经常/很少发生on and off 断断续续offer one’s hand 伸手帮忙offer money for 出价offer oneself to 献身于make an offer to do/of 表示愿意,想要。。take/leave office 就/离职in office 执政,当权out of office 不执政,不当权burn the night oil 开夜车pour oil on fire/the flames 火上浇油omit doing sth./to do sth. 忽略做某事on and on 不停地all at once 突然,同时once (and) for all 一劳永逸地,永远地by ones and twos 三三两两地be oneself 行为正常,头脑清醒come to oneself 清醒for oneself 亲自地of oneself 自动地,自然而然地to oneself 只对自己only too 非常,极其,遗憾be open with 不隐瞒in the

open 在户外,公开地open up 打开,张开,开放,开发,开辟opening time 开始营业时间opening words 开场白operate on sb. (for some disease) 给。。。动手术治病in operation 运转中,操作中come into operation 开始运转,实施起来put/bring into operation 开始运转,实施起来put/bring into operation (使)实施,起作用,生效give/express one’s opinion on/upon 对。。。发表意见have a good high opinion of 对。。。高度评价optional subjects 选修课or rather 更确切地说an oral examination/test 口试take one’s order 点菜in order 状况良好in the right/wrong order 秩序整齐/乱on order 已定购但未到货out of order 不整齐,状况不佳out of the ordinary 非凡的by origin 出身,籍贯every other day 每隔一天one after the other 相互地other than 不同于between ourselves 只有你我知道outward and homeward 来回an overhead highway/railway 架空公路/铁路owe sb. some money/owe some money to sb. 欠某人钱owe to 归功于,应感谢高中英语词组·搭配整理<3>2009-09-12 22:31Pkeep pace with 跟上a pack of 一群,一伙pack…in/into 把。。。挤在里面pack off 匆匆打发pack up 收拾行李,打包解雇a package of deal/offer 一揽子交易in packets 成包,成盒turn the page over 翻过一面the pages of history 历史记录bear/endure/under pain 忍受痛苦take pains 尽力,费苦心,耐心pale by comparison 相形见绌as flat as a pancake 非常平坦be seized/stuck with (a) panic 惊慌失措go/get into a panic 陷入恐慌in a panic 恐慌set a paper 出考题on paper 以书面形式parallel to 与。。。类似,与。。。平行a parcel of 一包parking lot 停车场for the most part 多半,大多数,主要地play a part (in) 扮演角色,起作用,参与part with 放弃be particular about 对。。讲究,挑剔in particular 尤其,特别partner for life 终身伴侣farewell party 欢送会a party of 一群,一伙pass away 去世pass by (从)外部经过pass down 把。。。传给后代pass on 传递pass through 穿过,贯穿,通过(从内部)have no patience with 不能容忍out of patience with 对。。。。忍不住with patience 耐心地be patient of/in sth. 忍耐。。。be patient with/towards sb. 对。。。有耐心without pause 不停地pay in advance 预付pay on delivery 货到付款full pay 全薪pay back 偿还,还债,报复pay for 支付,付钱,为。。。接受处罚/付出代价pay in 缴款pay off 付清,得到回报in payment for 以偿还,以回报as like as two peas 一模一样at peace 处于和平hold one’s peace 保持

沉默in peace 安静地,平安地make peace with 和解the peak hours of traffic 交通高峰时间pedestrian crossing/bridge 人行道/人行桥pennies from heaven 不劳而获之物penny wise and pound foolish 小事聪明,大事糊涂reach perfection 达到极致give/put on a performance 举行表演without permission 未经许可in (one’s own) person 亲自in the person of 以。。。的资格,代表on the phone 在电话里,在通话中take photographs 照相physical examination 体检pick on 作弄,挑剔pick up 捡起,停下让某人搭车,救起,偶然发现,弄到,听到,取,接,路上收取,加速pick up with 偶然认识take/have a picnic 去野餐pile up 堆积,积聚(sit) on pins and needles 如坐针毡have/take pity on 同情,怜悯in pity of 可怜out of pity 出于怜悯in place 在适当位置,在原处in place of/in sb.’s place 代替,取代out of place 不适当的,不在正确位置take one’s place 入座,代替某人职务take place 发生,出现take the place of 代替to be plain with you 坦白对你说speak plain/plainly 坦白地说bring… into play 使。。。活动out of play (球赛中)被判出局play at 参加,玩play away 玩掉,浪费掉play back 放送(唱片,磁带)play on 利用(感情)play with 考虑做。。。(+the idea of doing)以。。。为消遣,玩弄;推到一边不吃(+one’s food)as you please 随你喜欢if you please 劳驾,对不起be pleased with/at/about/by 对。。。。满意at one’s pleasure 听便,随意for pleasure 为享乐,消遣have the pleasure of 有。。。的荣幸take (a) pleasure in 以。。。为乐with pleasure 高兴地,十分愿意at pledge 做抵押put one’s hand to the plough 认真地开始工作plug in 给。。。接通电源,连接pocket money 零用钱pocket edition 袖珍版off the point 不切题on the point of 正要。。。之际point by point 一点点地to the point 切题political party 政党political power 政权be poor/low in 在。。。方面差be popular with 为。。。所喜爱a popular price 廉价hold the position as 担任。。。的职务put in a …position 使处于。。。境地in a position to do sth. 能够做in position 在适当位置out of position 不在适当位置be possessed of 具有in possession of 拥有in the possession of 为。。。占有take possession of 占有,占据stick to one’s post 坚守岗位pour into 涌入pour out 倾吐be in power 执政come to/into power 当权do everything in one’s power to do 竭尽全力做in practice 在实践中,实际上out of practice 生疏的put in/into practice 实行in prai

se of 为赞扬praise sb. for sth. 为。。赞扬sing high praise of 高度赞扬pray for 祈求take precautions against 预防the introduction/preface to a book 一本书的导言/序言prefer a charge against sb.向。。。提出控告be preferable to 比更好,更可取be pregnant with 充满make preparations of 为。。。准备in sb.’s presence 当某人的面presence of mind 镇定自若for the present 目前,暂时up to the present 直到现在preserve …from… 保护,以免at high/low pressure 紧张地put pressure on sb. 给。。。施加压力under the pressure of 在。。。压力下pay a heavy price for 为。。。付出沉重代价at any price 无论如何at a …price/at a/the price of 以。。。的价格be proud of/take a pride in/pride oneself on 以。。。而自豪with pride 骄傲地in principle 原则上,大体上on principle根据原则in print 已出版,在印刷中out of print 已绝版prior to 在。。。之前break (out of) prison 越狱cast/put/throw sb. into prison 把。。。关进监狱in prison 在狱中out of prison 出狱be taken prisoner 被俘in private 私下,秘密地in (the) process of 在。。。过程中make progress (in…)在。。。方面取得进步break a promise 不守信keep a promise 守信make a promise 答应,许诺promise oneself 决定,期待pronounce sentence of death on 宣判。。。。的死刑in proportion as+从句/to+名词 与。。。成比例in(out of) proportion (with) (与。。。)(不)成比例provide sb.with sth.=provide sth. to/for sb. 向某人提供某物in public 当众,公开地pull down 拆毁pull in (车)停下pull off 完成,扯下,脱去pull oneself up 立起身来pull out 拔出,抽出,驶出,摆脱困境pull through (使)度过危机,恢复健康pump from 从。。。。里面抽be punctual to the minute 一分不差punish sb. for sth. 因。。。惩罚某人punish sb. with death 把。。。处死pure and simple 完全的,十足的on purpose 故意地to the purpose 中肯地with the purpose of 为了pursue after 追逐push one’s way 挤出一条路push oneself forward 极力表现自己push …in…把。。。挤进push on 匆匆向前push over 推倒push up 把。。。顶起put down 放下,写下,扑灭,平息,镇压put forward 向前行动,提出建议,计划,推荐,把钟拨快put into 把。。。放进,使进入,把。。。译成,在。。。。上种植put off 推迟put on 穿上,上演put through 接通(电话)put up 挂起,张贴,举起,建造,搭起put up with 忍受be puzzled that/why 不明白Qquantities/a quantity of 许多in quantity 大量have a quarrel

with sb. (about/over) sth. 因。。。与。。。争吵fight one’s quarrels for sb. 帮。。。争吵beyond (all) question/without question 毫无疑问out of question 没问题的,办得到的out of the question 不可能的,办不到的be quick at figures 算得快quite a few/little/bit 相当多quite some 非常多quite something 很棒 Ras timid as a rabbit 害羞的,胆怯的race against the clock 和时间赛跑have/run a race with 和。。。赛跑in all the colours of the rainbow 五颜六色的at close range 接近地range from …to…. 在。。。范围内变化like a rat in a hole 像瓮中之鳖at any rate 无论如何,至少at/this that rate 既然这样/那样。这样/那样的话at the rate of 以。。。的比例rather than 倒不如说would/had rather …than… 宁可。。而不。。be raw to 对。。没有经验beyond/out of one’s reach 够不着,力所不及reach one’s hand for 伸手拿within one’s reach/within reach of 够得到,力所能及reach at 企图去够reach after 企图去摸(抓),企图获得名利,弄懂问题reach for 伸手去拿read one’s mind 理解。。的心思read between the lines 体会字里行间的意思,了解言外之意read out 高声朗读,把。。。读出声,读出(资讯)read through/over 把。。。从头到尾读完,(演员排演前)读剧本对台词read about 在。。。中得知be/get ready for 乐意做。。。be ready with 准备好所说的话by reason of 因为,由于for no (good) reasonfor reasons of 因。。。的理由in reason 合理,正当,理所当然with/without reason 有/没道理on receipt of 一收到就。。。reception room 会客室have reference 和。。。有关系make (a) reference of 说道,谈到,参考with/in reference to 关于。。。,就。。。而论without (any) reference 和。。。无关give one’s regards/respects to… 代某人向。。。问好regret to say/tell you/inform you that 很遗憾。。。to one’s regret 令某人可惜的是relating to 关于bear no/some relation to 和。。。无/有关系in relation to 有关,涉及,和。。。相比relative to 和。。。比较起来,关于。。。的be relaxed about 对。。。感到轻松be relaxed with sb. 和。。。相处随意而轻松remind sb. of sth. 提醒某人某事for rent 出租rent out 把。。。租出去in bad repair=out of repair 失修的in good repair 修好的under repair 在修理中in reply (to) 为答复。。。report back 回报,汇报be representative/characteristic/typical of 有。。。的典型/特点have a reputation for 以。。。而闻名at sb.’s request/at the request of sb. 应。。。的要求be in request

有需要,受欢迎,被争着要by request 依照请求,应邀on/upon request 一经请求(do) research into/on 对。。。进行调查resign oneself to 对。。。自暴自弃out of respect 处于尊敬in respect of 关于,至于in response to 作为对。。。的回应do sth. on one’s own responsibility 自己负责做某事take the responsibility for 负起对。。。的责任be responsible to sb./for sth. 对。。。负责be restricted to (doing) sth. 限于resume doing 继续做in return (for) 作为(对。。。)的回报on my return 我一回来就。。。return to oneself 苏醒,醒悟in reward 作为报答/奖赏rid sb. of 使。。。摆脱。。。ride in/on a train/boat/plane 乘火车/船/飞机旅行ride on a horse 骑马right of wrong 不管怎样stand on one’s rights 坚持自己的权利ring off 挂电话give rise to 引起,使发生on the rise (物价)在上涨,在增加rise to one’s feet 站起来at all risks/at any risk 无论如何at risk 处境危险at the risk of 冒着。。。的危险take a/the risk 冒险by road 经由公路on the road(s) to 在去。。。途中,在。。。过程中,转变中,as firm as a rock 坚如磐石on the rocks 触礁,遭难,濒临破产(毁灭,破灭)call the roll 点名roll back 把(录音带)卷回,倒回roll in 滚滚而来,大量涌来roll over 翻滚roll up 卷起room and board 膳宿处rot away 烂掉,朽坏,身体衰弱round about 周围的,附近的round and round (围绕。。。)旋转的round up 将。。。赶拢in a row 一个接一个地,接连不断地bring ….to ruin 使毁灭,没落fall in/into ruin 灭亡,荒废go/come into ruin 灭亡,荒芜in ruins 成废墟,毁灭,破坏as a rule 通常,一般说来by rule 按照规则地rule out 排除rule over 统治,管辖in the long run 终究,到最后run across 偶遇,跑过,横跨run after 追捕,追求run against 与。。。相撞,邂逅,违反,不利于run away 跑开,逃走,花掉run into 偶遇,相碰,撞上,跑进,插进run off 跑离,逃走,使流出,流畅地写,唱run out 用完(物作主语)run out of 用完(人作主语)rush at 冲向rush into 冲进rush out 冲出,将。。。大量地赶制出来Sat the sacrifice of 牺牲sacrifice oneself/one’s life for 为。。。而牺牲in/with safety 安全地for sale 待售,供出售on sale (廉价)出售with satisfication 满意地be satisfied of 确信save…from (doing) 拯救。。。免于say to oneself 心里想that is to say 换句话说as the saying is/goes 常言道go without saying 不用说on a ….scale 以。。。规模(be) s

cared to death 吓死了be scared of 害怕scare off/away 吓跑behind the scenes 在幕后,不公开的on the scene 在现场,当场be skeptical of /about 对。。。怀疑ahead of schedule 提前behind schedule 比规定时间晚on schedule 按时间表,及时,准时scores of 许多a sea of faces 人山人海at sea 在海上,茫然,不知所措at the sea 在海边by sea 由海路by the sea 在海边go to sea 去当水手go to the sea 到海滨去search after 探索,寻找in season 应时的,时令的out of season 已过时的in secret 秘密地see about 负责处理sea after 照顾see through 看透,识破see to 注意,照料you see 你瞧,你是知道的seek after/for 寻求,追求seek out 找出,寻出seize sb. by the arm 抓住。。。胳膊seize on /upon 利用sell off 廉价甩卖sell up 卖掉send away 把。。。打发走send for 派人去请send off 邮寄,发送send out 发送,派遣send up 发射,发出,使上升be senior to 比。。。年长make sense 讲的通,有意义in a sense 从某种意义上来说in no sense 决不out of one’s sense 发疯be sensible of 可察觉出be sensitive to 对。。。敏感be sentenced to 被判处。。。。徒刑public servant 公务员set about 着手做set aside 储蓄,留出set down 放下set in 设置(戏剧,小说)背景set forth 陈述,提出,出发动身set off 动身,出发,引起set out 动身,启程出发,开始set up 建立,创立settle down 定居,平静下来,专心于settle in/into 在新居安定下来,适应新环境make a settlement on 将财产赠与sew up 把。。。缝在里面shade …from… 使。。。免受(照射)under the shadow of…. 在。。。。庇护下,因。。。的影响shake one’s head 摇头shake off 摆脱,抖落shake out 抖掉(灰尘),摇动(容器),使里面的东西抖出来shake up 使重组,是震惊feel shame at 因。。。羞愧in shame 羞愧to one’s shame 令。。。感到羞愧的是follow the shape of 依照。。。的形状in shape 在形状上in the shape of 以。。。的形式shed blood 流血shed light on/upon 发射光给。。。,将。。。弄明白fly sheet 传单on the shelf 被搁置shelter ..from… 保护shine down over 照在。。。上bamboo shoots 竹笋shoot at 向。。。。射击shoot up 射出,喷出,迅速长高,急升,猛涨in shore 近岸off shore 离岸on shore 在岸上run short (of) 少,用完shout at/to 对。。。大喊shout down 大声喝止某人说话show ab. Around 带领某人参观show … in 带。。。进来show off 炫耀show up 暴露,来到,露面

shrink from 畏缩不前shut away 把。。。与外界隔绝shut down 关闭shut off 关掉,停止,使隔离shut up 闭嘴,隔离,监禁,关闭,关锁,门窗be sick in the car 晕车by the side of 在。。旁边from all sides 从四面八方,从各方面from side to side 左右地on one’s side 和。。。站在同一边side by side 肩并肩地at first sight 乍一看catch sight of 发现,突然看到in sight 看得见,。。。在望lose sight of 看不见,忘记,忽略out of sight 看不见sign in 签到sign on/up (to do sth.) 签约受聘/加入sign out 签名登记离开give sb. a sign 示意某人sit down to 着手做sit up 坐直,不睡,熬夜be of a size 同一大小take the size of 量。。。的尺寸at sixes and sevens 乱七八糟a slice of 一份,一片let slide 放任自流on the slide 每况愈下slide over 略过be snowed in/up 被雪困住be snowed under 被埋在雪里so…as to 如此,以致somewhat of 有点to one’s sorrow 令某人伤心的是sort out 整理,挑出clear/thick soup 清/浓汤soybean/soy sauce 酱油spare no efforts 不遗余力not to speak of 更不用说speak out/up 大胆/大声说出spell out 拼写出,详细的说明in spirits 兴致勃勃out of spirits 无精打采spit at/on/upon 向。。。吐口水spit out 吐出,厉声说出on the spot 在场,到场,立即submit to 服从subscribe to 订阅succeed in (doing) sth. 在(做。。)成功succeed to sth. 继承be successful in 在。。。成功suffer from 受苦,患病be suited for/to 适合做be suitable to/for 适合于in sum 总而言之sum up 总结,概括于in summary 总的说来,概括起来in the sun 在阳光下under the sun 在天底下/天地间/世界with the sun 与太阳一起地at sunset/sunrise 日落/出时in short supply 短缺supply sb. with sth.=supply sth. to/for sb. 给某人提供某物in support of 为了支持for sure 确切地,肯定make sure of 查明,弄清楚on the surface 表面上的,外表上的be surprised at 对。。。感到惊讶/意外in surprise 惊异地take … by surprise 使吃惊/措手不及suspect sb. of (doing) sth. 怀疑某人(做某事)swallow up (海浪)吞噬(船),卷进,吞没,花光钱,耗尽(常被动)swear in 使宣誓就职(常被动)swear off 保证戒掉in a cold sweat 出冷汗sweep off 拂去,扫去sweep up 打扫,横扫swimming costume/swim-suit 女游泳衣draw the sword 拔剑,开战put up the sword 停战the sword and the purse 武力和财力be sympathetic with sb. 对。。。同情be sympathetic to sth. 对。。。赞同sympathize with sb. in sth. 因。。。对。

。。同情solar system 太阳系railway system 铁路网Tlay/set/spread the table 摆餐桌at table 在吃饭at the table 在桌旁on the table 在桌面的,明摆着的,提交讨论中的,搁置着的a tablet of 一片,一块tailor to/for 适合take a breath 喘气,呼吸take a nap 小睡take along 带(某人)去,携(东西)去take away 带走,移去,减去,消除take back 取回,带回,归还,取消,收回(说过的话)take down 拿下,取下,拆卸,记下take in 吸收,摄取,包含,包括,接受,收容,领会,理解take it easy 别紧张/着急take off 起飞,匆匆离开,拿去,取消take on 承担,从事。呈现,具有take out 带。。。出去take over 继承,接管,最终取代take up 开始从事,着手处理,接下去,拿起,举起,带(某人)去,占据,消耗,采纳,接受tell/bring/carry tales 搬弄是非talk business 讲正事talk…into… 说服。。。做talk of 提及talk over (反复)讨论,商量the finishing tape 终点线tape recorder 录音机taste of 有。。。的味道to one’s taste 合乎。。。的口味/喜好black/green tea 红/绿茶tea break/time 喝下午茶时间make (the) tea 泡茶a team of 一批,一队,一组have good teamwork 配合得好in tears 哭泣,流泪tear apart 拆散tear at 撕碎,用力扯,伤害,损坏tear down 拆掉,拆除tear up 撕毁take sb’s temperature 测量。。。体温have/run a temperature 发烧put up/strike a tent 搭/拆帐篷in the long/short term 从长远/眼前看in terms of 用。。。的话,按照,从。。。方面说give/take a test 举行/参加考试a blood test 验血with that=after that 接着就go to the theatre 去看戏theme song 主题曲in theory 理论上(反义in practice)there you are 你看,就是这样嘛,就在这儿,请用,你可来了for one thing,…for another… 首先。。再者。一方面。。。另一方面。。。think better of 重新考虑决定不做,较高评价think highly of 对。。。评价高think of 考虑,想出,提出,建议think over 思考,考虑think up 想出,设计出,发明be thorough in 对。。。仔细at the thought of 一想到be lost in thought 陷入沉思put a thread through one’s needle 穿针引线a piece/length of thread 一根线a thread of smoke 一缕青烟thrill at 因。。。感到兴奋/鼓励all through 一直,始终go through 经历,经受throw about 抛撒,散财,挥动(手腕)throw at sb. 用刀,剑等向。。。猛刺throw away 抛弃,丢掉,白费,浪费throw off 匆匆脱掉,扔掉,摆脱掉throw up 举起,抛起,吐出,呕吐

tie up 拴住,捆牢against time 争分夺秒,尽快地,力争及时完成地all the time 一直,始终at a time 一次,每次,一度,在某个时候at all times 无论何时,一直(at) any time 随时at no time 绝不,在任何时间都不at one time (过去)有个时期,一度,同时at the same time 但,然而。同时at times 有时by the time 到。。。时候for the time being 暂时,眼下from time to time 不时地in no time 立刻,很快in time 及时,还早,总有一天,最后,终于lose time (钟表)走得慢,耽误时间time after time/time and again 多次,反复地,不断地tire out 使累坏be tired with/from 因。。。而疲倦be tired of 对。。。厌烦all too 太at the top of 在。。。顶端/首位from top to bottom 从头到脚,完全地on top 处于优势on (the) top of 在。。。的上边,另外lose touch with 失去联系out of touch 不接触,不联系within/in touch 在能接触到之处,能达到的,(of)在。。。附近come to town 到城里来go (up) to town 上城里去trade … with sb. 和某人交换。。。trade with.(company) in sth. 和某公司做。。。生意family tree 家谱tremble with 因。。。而颤抖be on trial 在受审,在实验中play a trick on/upon 开。。。玩笑ask/look for trouble 陷入困境get into trouble 陷入困境in trouble 处于困境/不幸be true of 符合于,对。。。适用come true 实现in truth 实际上to tell the truth 说实话try on 试穿,试戴try out 考验,检验tune in (to) 收看,收听in turn 依次,轮流take one’s turn 轮到。。。做。。。了turn around/round 转变,(使)转好turn away 回绝,把。。。打发走turn down 关小,调低,拒绝turn in 上缴,归还turn into 使变成,变得,翻译成turn off 关掉turn on 开,旋开turn out 结果是,证明是,制造,生产,关掉,旋熄turn over 打翻,翻身turn to 翻到,转向,求助于,着手做turn up 出现,露面,放大,调高,证明是,寻找,查阅,参考by twos and threes 三三两两地,零星地one or two 一两个,几个Uthe ultimate ends of the earth 天涯海角an ultimate principle 基本原则be uneasy about/in doing sth. 对。。。担心be unfit for 不适合,不称职up and down 上上下下,前后,到处up to 到,知道,取决于。。。的,胜任,。。。的责任,轮到,多达urge on 驱策,强调come into use 开始被使用have no use for 用不着in use 在使用中make (full/good/little) use of 充分/不充分使用of (great…) use 有用put …to use 使用use up 用光be useful to sb. 对某人有用at the

utmost 至多do/try one’s utmost 尽最大努力to the utmost 尽力,极度高中英语词组·搭配整理<4>2009-09-12 22:35Vgo on/take a vacation 度假on vacation 在休假in vain 徒劳be of (great/no) value 有/无价值vary between…and…/vary…from…and… 由。。。到。。情况不等vary from 不同于vary with 随。。。而变化in my view 我认为in view of 鉴于,考虑到by virtue of 借助,由于pay a visit to 去做客/逗留give a voice to 大声说出/表达have (voice)in 对。。。(没)有发言权with one voice 异口同声地vote for/against 投票赞成/反对wait on/upon 俯视,招待,陪伴,拜访wait up 不睡觉等候某人at war with 和。。。处于战争状态declare war on/upon 向。。。宣战warn sb. of/against danger 警告。。。有危险wash away 冲走,冲垮,洗掉wash down 冲下,吞下,咽下wash up 洗(餐具),洗手洗脸,(浪头)将。冲上岸on/off watch 在/不在值班watch out for 密切注意,留神watch over 守卫,监视in deep water(s) 在水深火热中throw/pour cold water on 对。。。泼冷水all the way 一路上,特地,远道,自始至终any way 无论如何by way of 通过。。。方式,经由,为了,以求,作为give way 让步,屈服in a way 在某点上,在某种程度上in no way 绝不in the way 妨碍make one’s way 前进,进展,前往on the way 在路上out of the way 不碍事take one’s way to/towards 向。。。走去weather permitting 天气好的话at/on weekends 在周末by weight 以重量计算over weight 超重be wet through 湿透So what? 那又怎么样What for 为什么What if 。。。会怎样What is more 而且Whether or no/not 无论如何in whispers/a whisper低语as white as a sheet 苍白如纸as white as snow 雪白as a whole 就整体而言on the whole 大体上,基本上be wild about 热衷于,狂热崇拜at will 随意地wipe off 擦掉,消灭,摆脱wipe out 清洁。。。内部no wonder 不足为奇,怪不得in a/one word 总之,一句话in other words/in another word 换句话说word for word 逐字地go to work 上班at work 在工作,在运转out of work 失业work at/on 从事于,致力于work out 算出,制定出,想出before the world 在全世界面前,公然地in the world 在世界上,在人世,究竟,到底to make things worse 使事情更糟糕的是would rather do 宁愿做be wrapped up in 完全被包在。。。里,全神贯注于,极爱in writing 以书面形式XYall the year round 一年到头year after/by year 年年,每年year in year out 年复一年地,不断地,始终and/but yet 然而,

但是as yet 到目前为止nor yet 也不,又不in one’s youth 在。。。年轻时候Zzebra crossing 斑马线zoom in/out 摄影机将画面由远/近及近/远的放大

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