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托福TPO 12 独立写作试题：
It is better to have broad knowledge of many academic subjects than to specialize in one specific subject.
Education systems tended to offer a broad instruction in the early years that has become more and more specialized as we move towards tertiary learning. This allows us to sample various subjects and presents a range of basic knowledge needed to function in modern society. In my view, while this may not be suitable for everyone, it is reasonable.
One reason why we need to educate our populations is that we can enter the workforce because skilled jobs often require specialization. For example, someone going to study mathematics at university would need to have a deep enough education in mathematics at secondary school to demonstrate the ability to cope with the requirements of a degree in the subject. Similarly, a budding accountant needs to show a flair for math when applying for work in accountancy. So, one can argue that an increasingly specialized educational system is a function of the job market and, therefore, determined by employers.
Alternatively, some countries do have a broader education extending into higher education such as a first degree similar to the United States system of majors and
minors. This method may be acceptable in that it concentrates on relevant skills rather than specific knowledge while specialist knowledge can be acquired at master’s level. Although demonstrating an ability to delve deeply into a field of expertise is often required for professions and many other skilled careers, there may be others like general management where a wide range of skills is more appropriate. For those unskilled occupations, not requiring a degree or apprenticeship, again a broad education may be more pertinent.
In conclusion, in the English school curriculum, schooling usually tunnels our choices towards an ever decreasing number of subjects since, for many, the job market determines our education system and the depth of knowledge we need. In turn, the market dictates our need to specialize depending on our career choice. Though, personally, I tend to prefer the specific subject mode of learning, for I
believe that it is down to the individual to determine his or her preference.
本文多用长句，这也要求作者对从句的用法和特殊句式结构有更清楚的了解。而这也是作者英文功力的具体体现之处。而作者也用了一些具体的指示词语，例如for example, alternatively, in my view一类，让读者很容易看出作者的逻辑。在用词方面，作者整体采用了正式的用法，符合学术性文章的写作特点。
1. This allows us to sample various subjects and presents a range of basic
knowledge needed to function in modern society. 本句使用了this代指前句，并用整句话做主语。写作时也可以用,which非限制性定语从句来替代。其次，本句的语法结构较为复杂。allows和presents并列，needed是过去分词做定语表示需要的知识，to function表目的，即用来在现代社会中使用。
2. Alternatively, some countries do have a broader education extending into
higher education such as a first degree similar to the United States system of majors and minors. alternatively另外，是表示递进的逻辑连接词。do表示强调，翻译为确实。majors and minors主修和辅修，这个短语的使用体现出作者对于美国文化的了解，间接体现出了作者的英文水平。
3. In conclusion, in the English school curriculum, schooling usually tunnels our
choices towards an ever decreasing number of subjects since, for many, the job market determines our education system and the depth of knowledge we need.本句的亮点在于动宾搭配。首先是tunnel our choices表示把我们的选择限制在什么方面。determine表示决定，通常是物做主语，作者很好地注意到了这种用法。
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
People today spend too much time on personal enjoyment-doing things they like to do-rather than doing things they should do.
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
The above statement poses a hot topic on contradiction of people's personal enjoyments and responsibilities. And the speaker tends to think people now are dedicating more on personal likeness than on what they should do. I strongly disagree with this opinion because I think that to pursue one's individual enjoyment does not contradict to assume the responsibility.
Admittedly, people nowadays increasingly enjoy freedom to pursue personal enjoyment than before. As the development of democracy, the ideas and behaviors of individual are respected and encouraged to some extent. For instance, students can choose any major which they favor mostly; graduates can participate in whatever
professions they are interested in; citizens possess absolute freedom on free press and behaviors they like. Briefly, people have much time and freedom to do their favorite things.
However, spending much time on personal enjoyment does not indicate that people ignore their accountability which should be taken. Let's take a college student in art for example. Generally, students in art major should
spend much time on reading and appreciating art history, biography of artists and art works. Yet, the student favors more on economics. He probably continues to earn his degree on art with great interest in economic as well. Or he may pursue a
second degree on economics. No matter what his decision is, he takes his responsibility to become a worthy student of his major.
In addition, to pursue one's personal enjoyment help to assume the responsibility. People should not be
blamed for their time spent on things they like. Obviously, people lived in an time teemed with tense competition and they are often under a huge pressure. After a whole day job or a period of work, you probably make yourself drunk, or go for shopping crazily, or bury yourself in a series of insane music, or whatsoever you prefer. Of course you are most likely to become relaxed and inspired through these favorite experience. Eventually, the great physical and mental recreation is conducive to a better performance in your profession the next day.
To sum up, it is unreasonable to separate apart what people like to do and what they should do. The pursuit on personal enjoyment and assumption on accountability are interwoven. They do not contradict to each other. The effort and time on personal enjoyment does not equal to the ignorance on people's responsibility because of the objective requirement from each identity. Moreover, personal hobbies are good catalyst for improvement on the original professions.＋ 更多类似范文
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